How to format your references using the International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
M. Franz, Physics. Crystalline electron pairs, Science. 305 (2004) 1410–1411.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
M.V. Relling, W.E. Evans, Pharmacogenomics in the clinic, Nature. 526 (2015) 343–350.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
B. Silva-Santos, D.J. Pennington, A.C. Hayday, Lymphotoxin-mediated regulation of gammadelta cell differentiation by alphabeta T cell progenitors, Science. 307 (2005) 925–928.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
E. Buffetaut, V. Suteethorn, G. Cuny, H. Tong, J. Le Loeuff, S. Khansubha, S. Jongautchariyakul, The earliest known sauropod dinosaur, Nature. 407 (2000) 72–74.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
A. Pande, B. Wolshon, Traffic Engineering Handbook, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2015.
An edited book
[1]
S.D. Attri, L.S. Rathore, M.V.K. Sivakumar, S.K. Dash, eds., Challenges and Opportunities in Agrometeorology, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
D. Bernardini, D.M. de la Peña, A. Bemporad, E. Frazzoli, Simultaneous Optimal Control and Discrete Stochastic Sensor Selection, in: R. Majumdar, P. Tabuada (Eds.), Hybrid Systems: Computation and Control: 12th International Conference, HSCC 2009, San Francisco, CA, USA, April 13-15, 2009. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 61–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology.

Blog post
[1]
R. Andrews, Researchers Can Seek And Destroy Genes Controlling Bacterial “Shields,” IFLScience. (2016). https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/researchers-can-seek-and-destroy-genes-controlling-bacterial-shields/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office, Higher Education: Selected Information on Student Financial Aid Received by Legal Immigrants, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
K.M. Englebrecht, Healing the invisible wounds: A grant proposal for female veterans suffering from PTSD, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
J. Otis, Playing by Rules After Breaking Them for Years, New York Times. (2017) A25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
AbbreviationInt. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
ISSN (print)0165-5876
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles