How to format your references using the International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A.R. Ravishankara, Atmospheric science. Water vapor in the lower stratosphere, Science. 337 (2012) 809–810.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.W.J. Thompson, S. Solomon, Interpretation of recent Southern Hemisphere climate change, Science. 296 (2002) 895–899.
A journal article with 3 authors
N.J. Borys, E. Shafran, J.M. Lupton, Surface plasmon delocalization in silver nanoparticle aggregates revealed by subdiffraction supercontinuum hot spots, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2090.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
N. Kawano, K. Miyado, N. Yoshii, S. Kanai, H. Saito, M. Miyado, N. Inagaki, Y. Odawara, T. Hamatani, A. Umezawa, Absence of CD9 reduces endometrial VEGF secretion and impairs uterine repair after parturition, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4701.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A.A. Jawlik, Statistics from A to Z: Confusing Concepts Clarified, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
D. Neiger, Value-Focused Business Process Engineering : a Systems Approach: with Applications to Human Resource Management, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
H. Blasco-Fontecilla, The Addiction to Suicidal Behavior, in: P. Courtet (Ed.), Understanding Suicide: From Diagnosis to Personalized Treatment, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 53–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, China Unveils The Fastest Supercomputer In The World, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Joint Strike Fighter Acquisition: Development Schedule Should Be Changed to Reduce Risks, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
W. Ren, The Portrayal of Risk-taking Behaviors in Traffic on the Prime-time Television Series, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Marx, A Meeting That Couples Often Find Daunting, New York Times. (2014) ST21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
AbbreviationInt. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
ISSN (print)0165-5876
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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