How to format your references using the International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Gonzalez, Cell division: A last-minute decision, Nature. 528 (2015) 196–197.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.B. Jacobsen, Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA., Geochemistry. How old is planet Earth?, Science. 300 (2003) 1513–1514.
A journal article with 3 authors
P.M. Miller, S. Gavrilets, W.R. Rice, Sexual conflict via maternal-effect genes in ZW species, Science. 312 (2006) 73.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T.-K. Kim, M. Hemberg, J.M. Gray, A.M. Costa, D.M. Bear, J. Wu, D.A. Harmin, M. Laptewicz, K. Barbara-Haley, S. Kuersten, E. Markenscoff-Papadimitriou, D. Kuhl, H. Bito, P.F. Worley, G. Kreiman, M.E. Greenberg, Widespread transcription at neuronal activity-regulated enhancers, Nature. 465 (2010) 182–187.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B.R. Hopkins, Starting and Managing a Nonprofit Organization, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
T.W. Berger, Brain-Computer Interfaces: An International Assessment of Research and Development Trends, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
R. Gonçalves, M. Knorr, J. Leite, Evolving Bridge Rules in Evolving Multi-Context Systems, in: N. Bulling, L. van der Torre, S. Villata, W. Jamroga, W. Vasconcelos (Eds.), Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems: 15th International Workshop, CLIMA XV, Prague, Czech Republic, August 18-19, 2014. Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 52–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology.

Blog post
J. Fang, Astronomers Catch Surprise “Eclipse” Of Jupiter’s Moons, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Transportation Infrastructure: Better Tools Needed for Making Decisions on Using ISTEA Funds Flexibly, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G.J. Reyes-Rodriguez, Nucleophilic additions to a para-benzyne derived from an enediyne: Exploring the non-radical reactivity of a diradical, Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Billard, The Executive Life; Wall St. Dems Find Little to Like in 1992, New York Times. (1992) 333.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
AbbreviationInt. J. Pediatr. Otorhinolaryngol.
ISSN (print)0165-5876
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles