How to format your references using the Journal of Quantitative Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Quantitative Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Killian, Thomas C. 2007. Ultracold neutral plasmas. Science (New York, N.Y.) 316: 705–708.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dove, Carla J., and Lorian C. Straker. 2012. Comment on “A diverse assemblage of Late Cretaceous dinosaur and bird feathers from Canadian amber.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 335: 796; author reply 796.
A journal article with 3 authors
Czaplicka, Agnieszka, Janusz A. Holyst, and Peter M. A. Sloot. 2013. Noise enhances information transfer in hierarchical networks. Scientific reports 3: 1223.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Graham, D. W., J. E. Lupton, F. J. Spera, and D. M. Christie. 2001. Upper-mantle dynamics revealed by helium isotope variations along the southeast Indian ridge. Nature 409: 701–703.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Siebert, Geralt, and Iris Maniatis. 2012. Tragende Bauteile aus Glas. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Yon-Kahn, Jeannine. 2010. Molecular and Cellular Enzymology. Edited by G. Hervé. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Smith, Deborah R. 2011. Asian Honeybees and Mitochondrial DNA. In Honeybees of Asia, ed. H. Randall Hepburn and Sarah E. Radloff, 69–93. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Quantitative Economics.

Blog post
Davis, Josh. 2016. Paris Makes All Public Transport Free In A Bid To Tackle The Worst Smog Seen In 10 Years. IFLScience. IFLScience. December 7.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2000. College Tuition and Fees: Changes in the 1995-96 to 1999-2000 Period Compared With Median Household Income. HEHS-00-198R. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Betts, Keturrah. 2017. Ready, Steady, Putt! An Exhibition About the History of Miniature Golf in America. Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, Michael. 2017. Bernadette Peters To Join ‘Hello, Dolly!’ New York Times, September 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Killian 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Killian 2007; Dove and Straker 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dove and Straker 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Graham et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Quantitative Economics
AbbreviationJ. Quant. Econ.
ISSN (print)0971-1554
ISSN (online)2364-1045

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