How to format your references using the Journal of Quantitative Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Quantitative Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bréchot, Christian. 2015. Train Africa’s scientists in crisis response. Nature 524: 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mandelli, Davide, and Erio Tosatti. 2015. Nanophysics: Microscopic friction emulators. Nature 526: 332–333.
A journal article with 3 authors
Davison, P. A., C. N. Hunter, and P. Horton. 2002. Overexpression of beta-carotene hydroxylase enhances stress tolerance in Arabidopsis. Nature 418: 203–206.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Jefferis, G. S., E. C. Marin, R. F. Stocker, and L. Luo. 2001. Target neuron prespecification in the olfactory map of Drosophila. Nature 414: 204–208.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simko, Sean P. 2012. Strategic Fixed Income Investing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
White, Andrew P. 2013. Linear Parameter-Varying Control for Engineering Applications. Edited by Guoming Zhu and Jongeun Choi. SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Boy de la Tour, Thierry, and Nicolas Peltier. 2014. Analogy in Automated Deduction: A Survey. In Computational Approaches to Analogical Reasoning: Current Trends, ed. Henri Prade and Gilles Richard, 103–130. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Quantitative Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, Danielle. 2016. Why New Law Banning All Psychoactive Substances Will Be Just Another ‘War On Drugs’ Disaster. IFLScience. IFLScience. November 12.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2003. University Research: Most Federal Agencies Need to Better Protect against Financial Conflicts of Interest. GAO-04-31. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
VanQuickenborne, Terry. 2010. Exploring generative change. Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, Ben, and Michael R. Gordon. 2017. U.S. War Footprint Grows, With No Endgame in Sight. New York Times, March 30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bréchot 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bréchot 2015; Mandelli and Tosatti 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mandelli and Tosatti 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Jefferis et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Quantitative Economics
AbbreviationJ. Quant. Econ.
ISSN (print)0971-1554
ISSN (online)2364-1045

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