How to format your references using the Journal of Quantitative Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Quantitative Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diamond, Jared. 2007. Archaeology. Easter Island revisited. Science (New York, N.Y.) 317: 1692–1694.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fukuchi-Shimogori, T., and E. A. Grove. 2001. Neocortex patterning by the secreted signaling molecule FGF8. Science (New York, N.Y.) 294: 1071–1074.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xue, Song, Kate Calvin, and Hong Li. 2006. RNA recognition and cleavage by a splicing endonuclease. Science (New York, N.Y.) 312: 906–910.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Ansari, Daniel, Bodil Andersson, Mattias Ohlsson, Peter Höglund, Roland Andersson, and Johan Nilsson. 2013. CODUSA--customize optimal donor using simulated annealing in heart transplantation. Scientific reports 3: 1922.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jäger, Wolfram, and Gero Marzahn. 2010. Mauerwerk. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Beckert, Michel. 2016. Effects of Herbicide-Tolerant Crop Cultivation: Investigating the Durability of a Weed Management Tool. Edited by Yves Dessaux. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Kawecki, Konrad, Franciszek Seredyński, and Marek Pilski. 2006. Controlling Spam: Immunity-based Approach. In Intelligent Information Processing and Web Mining: Proceedings of the International IIS: IIPWM’06 Conference held in Ustrón, Poland, June 19-22, 2006, ed. Mieczysław A. Kłopotek, Sławomir T. Wierzchoń, and Krzysztof Trojanowski, 31–40. Advances in Soft Computing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Quantitative Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. How Nuclear Power-Generating Reactors Have Evolved Since Their Birth In The 1950s. IFLScience. IFLScience. May 21.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2005. Aviation Security: Flight and Cabin Crew Member Security Training Strengthened, but Better Planning and Internal Controls Needed. GAO-05-781. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lamanna, Scott G. 2012. Colombian Spanish in North Carolina: The role of language and dialect contact in the formation of a new variety of U.S. Spanish. Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), Sophia Kishkovsky. 2004. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: TV Journalist Suspended For Comment. New York Times, December 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Diamond 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Fukuchi-Shimogori and Grove 2001; Diamond 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fukuchi-Shimogori and Grove 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Ansari et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Quantitative Economics
AbbreviationJ. Quant. Econ.
ISSN (print)0971-1554
ISSN (online)2364-1045

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