How to format your references using the Journal of Quantitative Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Quantitative Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Muro, M. 2000. MOUNT GRAHAM: Report Finds Squirrels Survived 3 Telescopes. Science (New York, N.Y.) 289: 228a.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kliebenstein, Daniel J., and Heather C. Rowe. 2009. Plant science. Anti-rust antitrust. Science (New York, N.Y.) 323: 1301–1302.
A journal article with 3 authors
Helmus, Matthew R., D. Luke Mahler, and Jonathan B. Losos. 2014. Island biogeography of the Anthropocene. Nature 513: 543–546.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Numata, Tomoyuki, Yoshiho Ikeuchi, Shuya Fukai, Tsutomu Suzuki, and Osamu Nureki. 2006. Snapshots of tRNA sulphuration via an adenylated intermediate. Nature 442: 419–424.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Voit, Brigitte, Rainer Haag, Dietmar Appelhans, and Petra B. Welzel. 2016. Bio- and Multifunctional Polymer Architectures. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Akiyama, Jin, Mikio Kano, and Toshinori Sakai, ed. 2013. Computational Geometry and Graphs: Thailand-Japan Joint Conference, TJJCCGG 2012, Bangkok, Thailand, December 6-8, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 8296. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Schmidt, Gerhard, Anne Theiß, Jochen Withopf, and Arthur Wolf. 2012. Evaluation of In-Car Communication Systems. In Digital Signal Processing for In-Vehicle Systems and Safety, ed. John H. L. Hansen, Pinar Boyraz, Kazuya Takeda, and Hüseyin Abut, 73–107. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Quantitative Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. Organic ‘Computers’ Made Of DNA Could Process Data Inside Our Bodies. IFLScience. IFLScience. September 3.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Costs of Compliance With the Renegotiation Act of 1951. PSAD-77-165. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slotterback, David. 2010. Parent Partner Program and Organization (3P-O) parents mentoring parents in child welfare: A grant-writing project. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Santora, Marc, and Sarah Maslin Nir. 2016. A New Crime Surfaces in a Socialite’s Death. New York Times, January 7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Muro 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Muro 2000; Kliebenstein and Rowe 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kliebenstein and Rowe 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Numata et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Quantitative Economics
AbbreviationJ. Quant. Econ.
ISSN (print)0971-1554
ISSN (online)2364-1045

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