How to format your references using the Journal of Quantitative Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Quantitative Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giessibl, Franz J. 2013. Chemistry. Seeing the reaction. Science (New York, N.Y.) 340: 1417–1418.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clift, Peter D., and Jerzy Blusztajn. 2005. Reorganization of the western Himalayan river system after five million years ago. Nature 438: 1001–1003.
A journal article with 3 authors
Riddihough, Guy, Beverly A. Purnell, and John Travis. 2008. Freedom of expression. Introduction to special issue. Science (New York, N.Y.) 319: 1781.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Keppler, Frank, David B. Harper, Markus Greule, Ulrich Ott, Tobias Sattler, Heinz F. Schöler, and John T. G. Hamilton. 2014. Chloromethane release from carbonaceous meteorite affords new insight into Mars lander findings. Scientific reports 4: 7010.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saksena, Franklin B. 2015. Patient Studies in Valvular, Congenital, and Rarer Forms of Cardiovascular Disease. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Decker, Hendrik, Lenka Lhotská, Sebastian Link, Marcus Spies, and Roland R. Wagner, ed. 2014. Database and Expert Systems Applications: 25th International Conference, DEXA 2014, Munich, Germany, September 1-4, 2014. Proceedings, Part I. Vol. 8644. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Faliva, Mariachiara. 2015. New York City Local Law 11/98: Consequences of Administrative Regulations on the Conservation of Buildings. In Built Heritage: Monitoring Conservation Management, ed. Lucia Toniolo, Maurizio Boriani, and Gabriele Guidi, 45–53. Research for Development. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Quantitative Economics.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. Comets’ Nuclei Break Up And Make Up Over Their Life Time. IFLScience. IFLScience. June 8.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. NHTSA: Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards and Occupant Crash Protection. OGC-97-33. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rooks, Deborah L. 2009. Science for all: Experiences and outcomes of students with visual impairment in a guided inquiry-based classroom. Doctoral dissertation, Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, Mary Williams. 2016. Witness Cites Recipe for Toxic Air, and Debt, at Puerto Rico’s Power Company. New York Times, February 16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Giessibl 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Clift and Blusztajn 2005; Giessibl 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clift and Blusztajn 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Keppler et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Quantitative Economics
AbbreviationJ. Quant. Econ.
ISSN (print)0971-1554
ISSN (online)2364-1045

Other styles