How to format your references using the Economics of Education Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics of Education Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmittner, A. (2005). Decline of the marine ecosystem caused by a reduction in the Atlantic overturning circulation. Nature, 434(7033), 628–633.
A journal article with 2 authors
Logan, B. E., & Elimelech, M. (2012). Membrane-based processes for sustainable power generation using water. Nature, 488(7411), 313–319.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gambardella, A., Prezioso, M., & Cavallini, M. (2014). Tunnel conductivity switching in a single nanoparticle-based nano floating gate memory. Scientific Reports, 4, 4196.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wernet, M. F., Mazzoni, E. O., Çelik, A., Duncan, D. M., Duncan, I., & Desplan, C. (2006). Stochastic spineless expression creates the retinal mosaic for colour vision. Nature, 440(7081), 174–180.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rao, K. R., Bojkovic, Z. S., & Milovanovic, D. A. (2005). Introduction to Multimedia Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Shome, P., & Sharma, P. (Eds.). (2015). Emerging Economies: Food and Energy Security, and Technology and Innovation. Springer India.
A chapter in an edited book
Obukhovskii, V., Zecca, P., Van Loi, N., & Kornev, S. (2013). Second-Order Differential Inclusions. In P. Zecca, N. Van Loi, & S. Kornev (Eds.), Method of Guiding Functions in Problems of Nonlinear Analysis (pp. 105–129). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics of Education Review.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, December 30). Drunken Songbirds Slur Their Sounds. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Space Acquisitions: Committing Prematurely to the Transformational Satellite Program Elevates Risks for Poor Cost, Schedule, and Performance Outcomes (GAO-04-71R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chavez, G. (2017). Creating Integrated, Inquiry Science Lessons Based on Early Childhood Science Activities [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, May 21). Looking for a Favorite, and Falling Short. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schmittner, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Logan & Elimelech, 2012; Schmittner, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Logan & Elimelech, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Gambardella et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wernet et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics of Education Review
AbbreviationEcon. Educ. Rev.
ISSN (print)0272-7757
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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