How to format your references using the Economics of Education Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics of Education Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chatenoud, L. (2014). Immunology. Teaching the immune system “self” respect and tolerance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6190), 1343–1344.
A journal article with 2 authors
Reader, J. S., & Joyce, G. F. (2002). A ribozyme composed of only two different nucleotides. Nature, 420(6917), 841–844.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cotton, C. H., Flint, J., & Campbell, T. G. (2009). Is there an association between NPY and neuroticism? Nature, 458(7238), E6; discussion E7.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Feuillet-Palma, C., Todorov, Y., Vasanelli, A., & Sirtori, C. (2013). Strong near field enhancement in THz nano-antenna arrays. Scientific Reports, 3, 1361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neff, D. J., & Moss, R. C. (2011). The Future of Nonprofits. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Thoma, K. (Ed.). (2011). European Perspectives on Security Research (Vol. 1). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Huebner, A. R., Somparn, P., Benjachat, T., Leelahavanichkul, A., Avihingsanon, Y., Fenton, R. A., & Pisitkun, T. (2015). Exosomes in Urine Biomarker Discovery. In Y. Gao (Ed.), Urine Proteomics in Kidney Disease Biomarker Discovery (pp. 43–58). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics of Education Review.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, November 2). Watch Polar Bears Live From The Arctic Tundra. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1978). Administration for Children, Youth, and Families: Need To Better Use Its Research Results and Clarify Its Role (HRD-77-76). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McKenzie, R. A. (2012). A correlational study of servant leadership and teacher job satisfaction in a public education institution [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, October 25). Home Runs And Demons For Hamilton And Mantle. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chatenoud, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Chatenoud, 2014; Reader & Joyce, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reader & Joyce, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Cotton et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Feuillet-Palma et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics of Education Review
AbbreviationEcon. Educ. Rev.
ISSN (print)0272-7757
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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