How to format your references using the Economics of Education Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics of Education Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frankel, M. S. (2012). Regulating the boundaries of dual-use research. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6088), 1523–1525.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miyake, T., & Kalluri, R. (2014). Cardiac biology: Cell plasticity helps hearts to repair. Nature, 514(7524), 575–576.
A journal article with 3 authors
Boots, M., Hudson, P. J., & Sasaki, A. (2004). Large shifts in pathogen virulence relate to host population structure. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5659), 842–844.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nagata, T., Okamoto, R., O’brien, J. L., Sasaki, K., & Takeuchi, S. (2007). Beating the standard quantum limit with four-entangled photons. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5825), 726–729.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lißner, K., & Rug, W. (2016). Der Eurocode 5 für Deutschland Eurocode 5: Bemessung und Konstruktion von Holzbauten. Berlin, Germany: Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG.
An edited book
Letschert, R., & van Dijk, J. (Eds.). (2011). The New Faces of Victimhood: Globalization, Transnational Crimes and Victim Rights (Vol. 8). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Ballerio, S., & Cerizza, D. (2013). Using Text Mining to Validate Diagnoses of Acute Myocardial Infarction. In N. Grieco, M. Marzegalli, & A. M. Paganoni (Eds.), New Diagnostic, Therapeutic and Organizational Strategies for Acute Coronary Syndromes Patients (pp. 69–82). Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics of Education Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 27). Sequencing Your Genome Is Becoming An Affordable Reality – But At What Personal Cost? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Women in STEM Research: Federal Agencies Differ in the Data They Collect on Grant Applicants (No. GAO-15-291R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tzillah, A. (2009). The emissions of selected air pollutants from biodiesel fuel usage (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Meacham, J. (2017, July 2). Headlines That Stand the Test of Time. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frankel, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Frankel, 2012; Miyake & Kalluri, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miyake & Kalluri, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Boots, Hudson, & Sasaki, 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nagata, Okamoto, O’brien, Sasaki, & Takeuchi, 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics of Education Review
AbbreviationEcon. Educ. Rev.
ISSN (print)0272-7757
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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