How to format your references using the Economics of Education Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics of Education Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brody, H. (2011). Influenza. Nature, 480(7376), S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xu, W., & Angell, C. A. (2003). Solvent-free electrolytes with aqueous solution-like conductivities. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5644), 422–425.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shim, S. H., Duffy, T. S., & Shen, G. (2001). The post-spinel transformation in Mg2SiO4 and its relation to the 660-km seismic discontinuity. Nature, 411(6837), 571–574.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sun, F., Park, K. K., Belin, S., Wang, D., Lu, T., Chen, G., Zhang, K., Yeung, C., Feng, G., Yankner, B. A., & He, Z. (2011). Sustained axon regeneration induced by co-deletion of PTEN and SOCS3. Nature, 480(7377), 372–375.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Freeman, R. L. (2005). Fundamentals of Telecommunications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Širáň, J., & Jajcay, R. (Eds.). (2016). Symmetries in Graphs, Maps, and Polytopes: 5th SIGMAP Workshop, West Malvern, UK, July 2014 (1st ed. 2016, Vol. 159). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Iovino, V., & Persiano, G. (2008). Hidden-Vector Encryption with Groups of Prime Order. In S. D. Galbraith & K. G. Paterson (Eds.), Pairing-Based Cryptography – Pairing 2008: Second International Conference, Egham, UK, September 1-3, 2008. Proceedings (pp. 75–88). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics of Education Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 21). India’s Tiger Population Is Up 30% Since 2010. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Federal Funds: Fiscal Year 2001 Expenditures by Selected Organizations Involved in Health-Related Activities (GAO-03-527R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Malet, D. S. (2009). Foreign fighters: Transnational identity in civil conflicts [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Macfarlane, I. (1905, August 12). “AN” AND “H.”; II. New York Times, SATURDAY REVIEW OF BOOKSBR535.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brody, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Brody, 2011; Xu & Angell, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xu & Angell, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Shim et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sun et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics of Education Review
AbbreviationEcon. Educ. Rev.
ISSN (print)0272-7757
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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