How to format your references using the Economics of Education Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economics of Education Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Purnell, B. (2008). New release: the complete guide to organ repair. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5907), 1489.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shen, B., & Goodman, H. M. (2004). Uridine addition after microRNA-directed cleavage. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5698), 997.
A journal article with 3 authors
Beatty, C. D., Beirinckx, K., & Sherratt, T. N. (2004). The evolution of müllerian mimicry in multispecies communities. Nature, 431(7004), 63–66.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yao, Y., Huang, Z., Xie, P., Lacey, S. D., Jacob, R. J., Xie, H., Chen, F., Nie, A., Pu, T., Rehwoldt, M., Yu, D., Zachariah, M. R., Wang, C., Shahbazian-Yassar, R., Li, J., & Hu, L. (2018). Carbothermal shock synthesis of high-entropy-alloy nanoparticles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 359(6383), 1489–1494.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ohshima, H. (2010). Biophysical Chemistry of Biointerfaces. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tryfonas, T., & Askoxylakis, I. (Eds.). (2014). Human Aspects of Information Security, Privacy, and Trust: Second International Conference, HAS 2014, Held as Part of HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014. Proceedings (Vol. 8533). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rini, A. (2013). The Birth of Proof: Modality and Deductive Reasoning. In K. Lodaya (Ed.), Logic and Its Applications: 5th Indian Conference, ICLA 2013, Chennai, India, January 10-12, 2013. Proceedings (pp. 34–49). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economics of Education Review.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, April 26). Should We Worry About Arsenic In Baby Cereal And Drinking Water? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Head Start: Challenges in Monitoring Program Quality and Demonstrating Results (HEHS-98-186). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kern, M. W. (2012). Regional phylogenetic analysis of the myology of primates and correlates in the human skeleton [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. (2017, June 30). Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, MM18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Purnell, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Purnell, 2008; Shen & Goodman, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shen & Goodman, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Beatty et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yao et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomics of Education Review
AbbreviationEcon. Educ. Rev.
ISSN (print)0272-7757
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

Other styles