How to format your references using the Journal of Public Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Public Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nieto, M.A., 2013. Epithelial plasticity: a common theme in embryonic and cancer cells. Science 342, 1234850.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palmer, M.R., Pearson, P.N., 2003. A 23,000-year record of surface water pH and PCO2 in the western equatorial Pacific Ocean. Science 300, 480–482.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, H., DeLuca, S.Z., O’Farrell, P.H., 2008. Manipulating the metazoan mitochondrial genome with targeted restriction enzymes. Science 321, 575–577.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, J., Tian, Z., Jing, J., Fan, H., 2014. Quantum metrology and estimation of Unruh effect. Sci. Rep. 4, 7195.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aasma, A., Dutta, H., Natarajan, P.N., 2017. An Introductory Course in Summability Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Li, F.M., 2005. CCD Image Sensors in Deep-Ultraviolet: Degradation Behavior and Damage Mechanisms, Microtechnology and Mems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Higa, C.K., Chorpita, B.F., 2008. Evidence-Based Therapies: Translating Research into Practice, in: Steele, R.G., Elkin, T.D., Roberts, M.C. (Eds.), Handbook of Evidence-Based Therapies for Children and Adolescents: Bridging Science and Practice, Issues in Clinical Child Psychology. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 45–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Public Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Digging Deep Into The Past To See The Future Of Climate Change [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Pipeline Safety Risk Assessment Program Could Help Evaluate Inspection Cycle (No. T-RCED-89-15). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
CampBell, P.K., 2012. Lenses of indigenous feminism: Digging up the roots of Western patriarchy in “Perma Red” and “Monkey Beach” (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L., 2017. Trump Has Defended His Own Leak. He Has Been Far Less Forgiving of Others. New York Times A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nieto, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Nieto, 2013; Palmer and Pearson, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palmer and Pearson, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Public Economics
AbbreviationJ. Public Econ.
ISSN (print)0047-2727
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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