How to format your references using the Journal of Public Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Public Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kontos, T., 2011. Quantum physics: single electrons take the bus. Nature 477, 414.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pasare, C., Medzhitov, R., 2005. Control of B-cell responses by Toll-like receptors. Nature 438, 364–368.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hautier, Y., Niklaus, P.A., Hector, A., 2009. Competition for light causes plant biodiversity loss after eutrophication. Science 324, 636–638.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, F., Cheng, K., Wei, X., Qin, H., Chen, R., Liu, J., Zou, H., 2013. A six-plex proteome quantification strategy reveals the dynamics of protein turnover. Sci. Rep. 3, 1827.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bell, M., 2016. Incremental Software Architecture. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Erwig, M., Paige, R.F., Wyk, E.V. (Eds.), 2013. Software Language Engineering: 6th International Conference, SLE 2013, Indianapolis, IN, USA, October 26-28, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Pincock, C., 2011. Mathematical Structural Realism, in: Bokulich, A., Bokulich, P. (Eds.), Scientific Structuralism. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 67–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Public Economics.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Researchers Create A Stable Organism Containing Synthetic DNA That Can Replicate Indefinitely [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Information Technology: OMB and Agencies Need to Fully Implement Major Initiatives to Save Billions of Dollars (No. GAO-13-297T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crockett, W., 2017. Student Transitions Into the Full-Time Virtual High School Setting (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kwai, I., 2017. Australia Has Collected 12,500 Guns in Amnesty. New York Times A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kontos, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Kontos, 2011; Pasare and Medzhitov, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pasare and Medzhitov, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Public Economics
AbbreviationJ. Public Econ.
ISSN (print)0047-2727
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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