How to format your references using the Journal of Public Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Public Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bronner-Fraser, M., 2004. Development. Making sense of the sensory lineage. Science 303, 966–968.
A journal article with 2 authors
Singer, P.A., Daar, A.S., 2001. Harnessing genomics and biotechnology to improve global health equity. Science 294, 87–89.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmidt, D., Jiang, Q.-X., MacKinnon, R., 2006. Phospholipids and the origin of cationic gating charges in voltage sensors. Nature 444, 775–779.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fricke, C., Lee, J.S., Geiger-Rudolph, S., Bonhoeffer, F., Chien, C.B., 2001. astray, a zebrafish roundabout homolog required for retinal axon guidance. Science 292, 507–510.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Langley-Evans, S., 2015. Nutrition, health and disease. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Muthu, S.S. (Ed.), 2015. Roadmap to Sustainable Textiles and Clothing: Regulatory Aspects and Sustainability Standards of Textiles and the Clothing Supply Chain, Textile Science and Clothing Technology. Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
Goertzel, B., Geisweiller, N., Coelho, L., Janicic, P., Pennachin, C., 2011. Representing Temporal Knowledge, in: Geisweiller, N., Coelho, L., Janičić, P., Pennachin, C. (Eds.), Real-World Reasoning: Toward Scalable, Uncertain Spatiotemporal, Contextual and Causal Inference, Atlantis Thinking Machines. Atlantis Press, Paris, pp. 65–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Public Economics.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Facebook To Use Artificial Intelligence To Spot Suicidal Users [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Commercial Aviation: Impact of Airline Crew Scheduling on Delays and Cancellations of Commercial Flights (No. GAO-08-1041R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bowman, K., 2017. A Close Look at the 2014 Passage of the Illinois County School Facility Sales Tax in Greene County (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Bullpen Wastes a Sparkling Performance by deGrom. New York Times SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bronner-Fraser, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Bronner-Fraser, 2004; Singer and Daar, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Singer and Daar, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Fricke et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Public Economics
AbbreviationJ. Public Econ.
ISSN (print)0047-2727
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

Other styles