How to format your references using the Journal of Public Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Public Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Caldwell, M., 2007. Careers in behavioral science. Neuromarketing careers. Science 316, 1060–1061.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wan, Y.Y., Flavell, R.A., 2007. Regulatory T-cell functions are subverted and converted owing to attenuated Foxp3 expression. Nature 445, 766–770.
A journal article with 3 authors
Julsgaard, B., Kozhekin, A., Polzik, E.S., 2001. Experimental long-lived entanglement of two macroscopic objects. Nature 413, 400–403.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kawabuchi, M., Satomi, Y., Takao, T., Shimonishi, Y., Nada, S., Nagai, K., Tarakhovsky, A., Okada, M., 2000. Transmembrane phosphoprotein Cbp regulates the activities of Src-family tyrosine kinases. Nature 404, 999–1003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Freeman, R.L., 2005. Telecommunication System Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Altenbach, H., Eremeyev, V.A. (Eds.), 2011. Shell-like Structures: Non-classical Theories and Applications, Advanced Structured Materials. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Vieten, U.M., 2014. ‘When I Land in Islamabad I Feel Home and When I Land in Heathrow I Feel Home,’ in: Tsolidis, G. (Ed.), Migration, Diaspora and Identity: Cross-National Experiences, International Perspectives on Migration. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 51–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Public Economics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Neon Spotted In The Moon’s Atmosphere For The First Time Ever [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Amtrak Training: Improvements Needed for Employees Who Inspect and Maintain Rail Equipment (No. RCED-93-68). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nagarajan, S., 2009. Migration, remittances, and household health: Evidence from South Africa (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Caldwell, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Caldwell, 2007; Wan and Flavell, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wan and Flavell, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Kawabuchi et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Public Economics
AbbreviationJ. Public Econ.
ISSN (print)0047-2727
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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