How to format your references using the Journal of Public Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Public Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scanlon, J.D., 2006. Skull of the large non-macrostomatan snake Yurlunggur from the Australian Oligo-Miocene. Nature 439, 839–842.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brumfiel, G., Knight, J., 2003. Climate of conflict: in the shadow of war. Nature 426, 748–749.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bandyopadhyay, P.R., Leinhos, H.A., Hellum, A.M., 2013. Handedness helps homing in swimming and flying animals. Sci. Rep. 3, 1128.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lu, H.-P., Lai, Y.-C., Huang, S.-W., Chen, H.-C., Hsieh, C.-H., Yu, H.-T., 2014. Spatial heterogeneity of gut microbiota reveals multiple bacterial communities with distinct characteristics. Sci. Rep. 4, 6185.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Langlois, P., 2013. Simulation of Complex Systems in GIS. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Green, D.G., 2006. Complexity in Landscape Ecology, Landscape Series. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Patterson, J., 2015. Segregation and Desegregation in Parsons, Kansas, in: Noblit, G.W. (Ed.), School Desegregation: Oral Histories toward Understanding the Effects of White Domination. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 51–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Public Economics.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. New Camera Examines Sauron’s Eye [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2017. Information Technology: Opportunities for Improving Acquisitions and Operations (No. GAO-17-251SP). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tuschall, A., 2017. Exploration of the Relationship Between Implicit Theory of Intelligence and Employability (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
O’sullivan, M.L., 2017. Trump Can Harness the Energy Boom. New York Times A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scanlon, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Brumfiel and Knight, 2003; Scanlon, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brumfiel and Knight, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Lu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Public Economics
AbbreviationJ. Public Econ.
ISSN (print)0047-2727
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

Other styles