How to format your references using the Journal of Public Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Public Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jenkins, A., 2004. Graduate journal: one of those days. Nature 427, 870.
A journal article with 2 authors
Xu, X., Norell, M.A., 2004. A new troodontid dinosaur from China with avian-like sleeping posture. Nature 431, 838–841.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhou, J., Thompson, B., Hess, R.F., 2013. A new form of rapid binocular plasticity in adult with amblyopia. Sci. Rep. 3, 2638.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
MacDonald, D., Demarre, G., Bouvier, M., Mazel, D., Gopaul, D.N., 2006. Structural basis for broad DNA-specificity in integron recombination. Nature 440, 1157–1162.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heritier, S., Cantoni, E., Copt, S., Victoria-Feser, M.-P., 2009. Robust Methods in Biostatistics: Heritier/Robust Methods in Biostatistics, Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Barke, H.-D., 2009. Misconceptions in Chemistry: Addressing Perceptions in Chemical Education. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chalendar, I., Flattot, A., Partington, J.R., 2007. The Method of Minimal Vectors Applied to Weighted Composition Operators, in: Dritschel, M.A. (Ed.), The Extended Field of Operator Theory, Operator Theory: Advances and Applications. Birkhäuser, Basel, pp. 89–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Public Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017. People Hadn’t Set Foot In This Ancient “Lost City” In The Honduran Jungle For 500 Years — Until Now [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. NASA Budgets: Gap Between Funding Requirements and Projected Budgets Has Been Reopened (No. NSIAD-95-155BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Waldron, K.D., 2017. The Influence of Leadership Emotional Intelligence on Employee Engagement (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J., Robertson, C., 2017. New Orleans Looks to Houston, and Sees Itself. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jenkins, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Jenkins, 2004; Xu and Norell, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Xu and Norell, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (MacDonald et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Public Economics
AbbreviationJ. Public Econ.
ISSN (print)0047-2727
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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