How to format your references using the Journal of Psychotherapy Integration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychotherapy Integration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schmerr, N. (2012). The Gutenberg discontinuity: melt at the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6075), 1480–1483.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bininda-Emonds, O. R. P., & Purvis, A. (2012). Comment on “Impacts of the Cretaceous Terrestrial Revolution and KPg extinction on mammal diversification.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6090), 34; author reply 34.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gess, R. W., Coates, M. I., & Rubidge, B. S. (2006). A lamprey from the Devonian period of South Africa. Nature, 443(7114), 981–984.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Mondal, S., Johnston, J. M., Wang, H., Khelashvili, G., Filizola, M., & Weinstein, H. (2013). Membrane driven spatial organization of GPCRs. Scientific Reports, 3, 2909.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schulze, V. (2005). Modern Mechanical Surface Treatment. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Dörr, O., & Schmalenbach, K. (Eds.). (2012). Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties: A Commentary. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Spoor, M. (2005). Inequality, Poverty and Conflict in Transition Economies. In M. Spoor (Ed.), Globalisation, Poverty and Conflict: A Critical “Development” Reader (pp. 47–65). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychotherapy Integration.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 30). Is Bullying Worse Than Child Abuse When It Comes To Mental Health? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). Social Security Administration: Cases of Federal Employees and Transportation Drivers and Owners Who Fraudulently and/or Improperly Received SSA Benefits (GAO-10-949T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gurska, D. P. (2017). Peering Down the Bottomless Well: Myth in Thomas Mann’s Joseph Tetralogy [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cotter, H. (2017, October 20). A Chinatown Installation Aims to Provoke. New York Times, C19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schmerr, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Bininda-Emonds & Purvis, 2012; Schmerr, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bininda-Emonds & Purvis, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Gess et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Mondal et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychotherapy Integration
AbbreviationJ. Psychother. Integr.
ISSN (print)1053-0479
ISSN (online)1573-3696
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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