How to format your references using the Journal of Psychotherapy Integration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychotherapy Integration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Field, C. B. (2001). Global change. Sharing the garden. Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5551), 2490–2491.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kerrick, D. M., & Connolly, J. A. (2001). Metamorphic devolatilization of subducted marine sediments and the transport of volatiles into the Earth’s mantle. Nature, 411(6835), 293–296.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fujisawa, K., Wrana, J. L., & Culotti, J. G. (2007). The slit receptor EVA-1 coactivates a SAX-3/Robo mediated guidance signal in C. elegans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5846), 1934–1938.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Büntgen, U., Tegel, W., Nicolussi, K., McCormick, M., Frank, D., Trouet, V., … Esper, J. (2011). 2500 years of European climate variability and human susceptibility. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6017), 578–582.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goria, S. (2017). Methods and Tools for Creative Competitive Intelligence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hasenhuettl, G. L., & Hartel, R. W. (Eds.). (2008). Food Emulsifiers and Their Applications: Second Edition. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Heimfarth, T., Orfanus, D., & Wagner, F. R. (2008). Resource-Aware Clustering of Wireless Sensor Networks Based on Division of Labor in Social Insects. In M. Hinchey, A. Pagnoni, F. J. Rammig, & H. Schmeck (Eds.), Biologically-Inspired Collaborative Computing: IFIP 20th World Computer Congress, Second IFIP TC 10 International Conference on Biologically-Inspired Collaborative Computing, September 8–9, 2008, Milano, Italy (pp. 45–58). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychotherapy Integration.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, October 21). Google Used To Ask These Interview Questions, But They’re So Tricky They Were Banned. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Commercial Aviation: Initial Small Community Air Service Development Projects Have Achieved Mixed Results (No. GAO-06-21). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenkins, D. S. (2010). Comprehensive support for children of incarcerated parents and their families (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, October 3). A Ranchera Star Who Rejected Convention. New York Times, p. C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Field, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Field, 2001; Kerrick & Connolly, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kerrick & Connolly, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Fujisawa, Wrana, & Culotti, 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Büntgen et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychotherapy Integration
AbbreviationJ. Psychother. Integr.
ISSN (print)1053-0479
ISSN (online)1573-3696
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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