How to format your references using the Journal of Psychotherapy Integration citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychotherapy Integration. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grotzinger, J. P. (2013). Analysis of surface materials by the Curiosity Mars rover. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6153), 1475.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnston, K. P., & Shah, P. S. (2004). Materials science. Making nanoscale materials with supercritical fluids. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5657), 482–483.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saá, P., Castilla, J., & Soto, C. (2006). Presymptomatic detection of prions in blood. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5783), 92–94.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Kapteyn, H., Cohen, O., Christov, I., & Murnane, M. (2007). Harnessing attosecond science in the quest for coherent X-rays. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5839), 775–778.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jawlik, A. A. (2016). Statistics from A to Z: Confusing Concepts Clarified. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Benedetto, A., & Pajewski, L. (Eds.). (2015). Civil Engineering Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Böhm, H. J., Pahr, D. H., & Daxner, T. (2010). Analytical and Numerical Methods for Modeling the Thermomechanical and Thermophysical Behavior of Microstructured Materials. In V. V. Silberschmidt (Ed.), Computational and Experimental Mechanics of Advanced Materials (pp. 167–223). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychotherapy Integration.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015, November 14). This Image Can Trick Your Brain And Make You See It In Color. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1983). U.S. Government Actions Affecting Rice Sales to Korea (ID-83-48). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maffia, R. (2014). Image matters: Then and now in televisions’ depiction of African Americans [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2005, July 12). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: At Least 20 Killed In Mall Fire. New York Times, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grotzinger, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Grotzinger, 2013; Johnston & Shah, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johnston & Shah, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Saá et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Kapteyn et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychotherapy Integration
AbbreviationJ. Psychother. Integr.
ISSN (print)1053-0479
ISSN (online)1573-3696
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology

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