How to format your references using the European Heart Journal - Acute Cardiovascular Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Heart Journal - Acute Cardiovascular Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Komander D. Biochemistry. Details of destruction, one molecule at a time. Science 2015; 348: 183–184.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ricklefs RE, Bermingham E. Nonequilibrium diversity dynamics of the Lesser Antillean avifauna. Science 2001; 294: 1522–1524.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Machens CK, Romo R, Brody CD. Flexible control of mutual inhibition: a neural model of two-interval discrimination. Science 2005; 307: 1121–1124.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Zhang X-W, Yan X-J, Zhou Z-R, et al. Arsenic trioxide controls the fate of the PML-RARalpha oncoprotein by directly binding PML. Science 2010; 328: 240–243.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Evans AJ. Markets for Managers. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014.
An edited book
1.
Hinduja S, Fan K-C (eds). Proceedings of the 35th International MATADOR Conference: Formerly The International Machine Tool Design and Research Conference. London: Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Critser PJ, Yoder MC. Biophysical Properties of Scaffolds Modulate Human Blood Vessel Formation from Circulating Endothelial Colony-Forming Cells. In: Gerecht S (ed) Biophysical Regulation of Vascular Differentiation and Assembly. New York, NY: Springer, 2011, pp. 89–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Heart Journal - Acute Cardiovascular Care.

Blog post
1.
Taub B. Young Human Blood Rejuvenates Old Mice. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Reports Issued in July 1989. 139352, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1 July 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Starr MJ. Tests for Positive Selection on Genes Encoding Heat Shock Proteins in the Marine Slipper Snail, Crepidula fornicata. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Beleaguered Bullpen Falters Again Even as Harvey Makes Progress. New York Times, 18 May 2017, p. B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Heart Journal - Acute Cardiovascular Care
AbbreviationEur. Heart J. Acute Cardiovasc. Care
ISSN (print)2048-8726
ISSN (online)2048-8734
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Other styles