How to format your references using the European Heart Journal - Acute Cardiovascular Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Heart Journal - Acute Cardiovascular Care. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. Come together. Nature 2005; 434: 252–253.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Cheetham CE, Belluscio L. Neuroscience. An olfactory critical period. Science 2014; 344: 157–158.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Quattrociocchi W, Caldarelli G, Scala A. Opinion dynamics on interacting networks: media competition and social influence. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 4938.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Phan G, Remaut H, Wang T, et al. Crystal structure of the FimD usher bound to its cognate FimC-FimH substrate. Nature 2011; 474: 49–53.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Horton I. Ivor Horton’s Beginning Visual C++® 2012. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
1.
Hublin J-J, Harvati K, Harrison T (eds). Neanderthals Revisited: New Approaches and Perspectives. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rekha K. Perspectives on India’s Energy Security. In: Caballero-Anthony M, Chang Y, Putra NA (eds) Rethinking Energy Security in Asia: A Non-Traditional View of Human Security. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012, pp. 59–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Heart Journal - Acute Cardiovascular Care.

Blog post
1.
Evans K. Bookworms Are Nicer, Kinder, And More Empathetic People, According To New Study. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Education and Employment Issue Area: Active Assignments. AA-97-13(2), Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 15 April 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Green SW. The influence of satisfaction among African American males on community college choices. Doctoral Dissertation, Mississippi State University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Lyman R, Walsh MW. A City Borrows So Its Schools Open on Time. New York Times, 16 August 2013, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Heart Journal - Acute Cardiovascular Care
AbbreviationEur. Heart J. Acute Cardiovasc. Care
ISSN (print)2048-8726
ISSN (online)2048-8734
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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