How to format your references using the Travel Behaviour and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Travel Behaviour and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hare, T., 2014. Neuroscience. Exploiting and exploring the options. Science 344, 1446–1447.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rose, C., Wright, G., 2004. Inscribed matter as an energy-efficient means of communication with an extraterrestrial civilization. Nature 431, 47–49.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fortin, N.J., Wright, S.P., Eichenbaum, H., 2004. Recollection-like memory retrieval in rats is dependent on the hippocampus. Nature 431, 188–191.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu, P., Jiang, T.-X., Suksaweang, S., Widelitz, R.B., Chuong, C.-M., 2004. Molecular shaping of the beak. Science 305, 1465–1466.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Monks, R.A.G., Reed Lajoux, A., LeBaron, D., 2010. Corporate Valuation for Portfolio Investment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lewis, T., Laverty, M. (Eds.), 2015. Art’s Teachings, Teaching’s Art: Philosophical, Critical and Educational Musings, 1st ed. 2015. ed, Contemporary Philosophies and Theories in Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Pinho, A.J., Pratas, D., Ferreira, P.J.S.G., 2014. A New Compressor for Measuring Distances among Images, in: Campilho, A., Kamel, M. (Eds.), Image Analysis and Recognition: 11th International Conference, ICIAR 2014, Vilamoura, Portugal, October 22-24, 2014, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 30–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Travel Behaviour and Society.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. If You Use One Of These Popular Internet Services, You Need To Change Your Password Right Now [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Tax Systems Modernization: Imaging System’s Performance Improving but Still Falls Short of Expectations (No. GGD-97-29). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lincoln, J.J., 2010. Creating a lesson that addresses gender differences in physics testing a specific instructional technique in college level physics education (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Swenson, J., 2017. New Orleans Celebrates Fats Domino. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hare, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hare, 2014; Rose and Wright, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rose and Wright, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleTravel Behaviour and Society
AbbreviationTravel Behav. Soc.
ISSN (print)2214-367X

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