How to format your references using the Travel Behaviour and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Travel Behaviour and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jayaraman, K.S., 2001. Indian rocket fizzles out as test launch fails to fly. Nature 410, 619.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fried, S.D., Boxer, S.G., 2015. BIOPHYSICS. Response to Comments on “Extreme electric fields power catalysis in the active site of ketosteroid isomerase.” Science 349, 936.
A journal article with 3 authors
Briggs, F., Mangun, G.R., Usrey, W.M., 2013. Attention enhances synaptic efficacy and the signal-to-noise ratio in neural circuits. Nature 499, 476–480.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Coxall, H.K., Wilson, P.A., Pälike, H., Lear, C.H., Backman, J., 2005. Rapid stepwise onset of Antarctic glaciation and deeper calcite compensation in the Pacific Ocean. Nature 433, 53–57.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pasternak, H., Hoch, H.-U., Füg, D., 2010. Stahltragwerke im Industriebau. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Ramanujam, R., Sarukkai, S. (Eds.), 2009. Logic and Its Applications: Third Indian Conference, ICLA 2009, Chennai, India, January 7-11, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Rizzo, A.M., Berselli, P., Zava, S., Montorfano, G., Negroni, M., Corsetto, P., Berra, B., 2010. Endogenous Antioxidants and Radical Scavengers, in: Giardi, M.T., Rea, G., Berra, B. (Eds.), Bio-Farms for Nutraceuticals: Functional Food and Safety Control by Biosensors, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 52–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Travel Behaviour and Society.

Blog post
Evans, K., 2016. Aerial Survey Shows Huge Pacific “Garbage Patch” Is Even Bigger Than Thought [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Medicaid and Special Education: Coordination of Services for Children With Disabilities Is Evolving (No. HEHS-00-20). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vlajic, N.A., 2014. Dynamics of slender, flexible structures (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006. Justices to Hear Case on Use of Union Fees. New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jayaraman, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Fried and Boxer, 2015; Jayaraman, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fried and Boxer, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Coxall et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleTravel Behaviour and Society
AbbreviationTravel Behav. Soc.
ISSN (print)2214-367X

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