How to format your references using the Travel Behaviour and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Travel Behaviour and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schaffer, S., 2011. The laird of physics. Nature 471, 289–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sherwood, S., Fu, Q., 2014. Climate change. A drier future? Science 343, 737–739.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gollo, L.L., Kinouchi, O., Copelli, M., 2013. Single-neuron criticality optimizes analog dendritic computation. Sci. Rep. 3, 3222.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Han, H.-V., Lin, C.-C., Tsai, Y.-L., Chen, H.-C., Chen, K.-J., Yeh, Y.-L., Lin, W.-Y., Kuo, H.-C., Yu, P., 2014. A highly efficient hybrid GaAs solar cell based on colloidal-quantum-dot-sensitization. Sci. Rep. 4, 5734.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lemma, A., 2008. Introduction to the Practice of Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, West Sussex, England.
An edited book
Ionescu, R.T., 2016. Knowledge Transfer between Computer Vision and Text Mining: Similarity-based Learning Approaches, Advances in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Gusak, D., Kukush, A., Kulik, A., Mishura, Y., Pilipenko, A., 2010. Continuity. Differentiability. Integrability, in: Kukush, A., Kulik, A., Mishura, Y., Pilipenko, A. (Eds.), Theory of Stochastic Processes: With Applications to Financial Mathematics and Risk Theory, Problem Books in Mathematics. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 33–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Travel Behaviour and Society.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. Astronomers Have Discovered The Smallest Asteroid We Know Of, And It’s Only Slightly Bigger Than A Person [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1981. Regulating Domestic Telecommunications Common Carriers (No. 116445). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bratton, K.J., 2014. Modeling and Control of Heterogeneous Tumors Under Chemotherapy (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. For the Yankees, A Chill in the Air. New York Times SP6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schaffer, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Schaffer, 2011; Sherwood and Fu, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sherwood and Fu, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Han et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTravel Behaviour and Society
AbbreviationTravel Behav. Soc.
ISSN (print)2214-367X

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