How to format your references using the Travel Behaviour and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Travel Behaviour and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Veltman, C., 2003. Genesis of a high-tech hub. Nature 426, 700–704.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chavis, P., Westbrook, G., 2001. Integrins mediate functional pre- and postsynaptic maturation at a hippocampal synapse. Nature 411, 317–321.
A journal article with 3 authors
Garcia, P., Armstrong, R., Zaman, M.H., 2014. Models of education in medicine, public health, and engineering. Science 345, 1281–1283.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Min, S.K., Yoon, G.H., Joo, J.H., Sim, S.J., Shin, H.S., 2014. Mechanosensitive physiology of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii under direct membrane distortion. Sci. Rep. 4, 4675.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pettit, J., 2017. The Final Frontier. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Pitt, J.I., 2009. Fungi and Food Spoilage. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Chandel, A.K., Singh, O.V., Venkateswar Rao, L., 2010. Biotechnological Applications of Hemicellulosic Derived Sugars: State-of-the-Art, in: Singh, O.V., Harvey, S.P. (Eds.), Sustainable Biotechnology: Sources of Renewable Energy. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 63–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Travel Behaviour and Society.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Particle Physicists Spot Hints of Dark Matter [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Recovery Act: USDA Should Include Broadband Program’s Impact in Annual Performance Reports (No. GAO-14-511). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salifu, A., 2008. Names that prick: Royal praise names in Dagbon, northern Ghana (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, J.F., 2016. Give and Take on Handlebars. New York Times A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Veltman, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Chavis and Westbrook, 2001; Veltman, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chavis and Westbrook, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Min et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTravel Behaviour and Society
AbbreviationTravel Behav. Soc.
ISSN (print)2214-367X

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