How to format your references using the Travel Behaviour and Society citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Travel Behaviour and Society. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Armitage, P.J., 2008. Astronomy. Stars in the making. Science 321, 1047–1048.
A journal article with 2 authors
Helms Cahan, S., Keller, L., 2003. Complex hybrid origin of genetic caste determination in harvester ants. Nature 424, 306–309.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chaudhuri, J., Khuong, C., Alt, F.W., 2004. Replication protein A interacts with AID to promote deamination of somatic hypermutation targets. Nature 430, 992–998.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Johnson, H.P., Hutnak, M., Dziak, R.P., Fox, C.G., Urcuyo, I., I., Cowen, J.P., Nabelek, J., Fisher, C., 2000. Earthquake-induced changes in a hydrothermal system on the Juan de Fuca mid-ocean ridge. Nature 407, 174–177.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tardu, S., 2011. Statistical Approach to Wall Turbulence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Figari, R., 2014. Quantum Dynamics of a Particle in a Tracking Chamber, SpringerBriefs in Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Greenwood, D., Sommerville, I., 2013. Expectations and Reality: Why an Enterprise Software System Did Not Work as Planned, in: Pooley, R., Coady, J., Schneider, C., Linger, H., Barry, C., Lang, M. (Eds.), Information Systems Development: Reflections, Challenges and New Directions. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 51–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Travel Behaviour and Society.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. New Research Into Expansion Of The Universe May Upend Physics As We Know It [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2002. Highway Financing: Factors Affecting Highway Trust Fund Revenues (No. GAO-02-667T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chongkrairatanakul, W., 2012. Foreign-educated nurses (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O., 2015. Opening Night for ‘Arsenic and Old Lace.’ New York Times C28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Armitage, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Armitage, 2008; Helms Cahan and Keller, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Helms Cahan and Keller, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Johnson et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleTravel Behaviour and Society
AbbreviationTravel Behav. Soc.
ISSN (print)2214-367X

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