How to format your references using the Journal of Psychophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jacobson, M. Z. (2001). Strong radiative heating due to the mixing state of black carbon in atmospheric aerosols. Nature, 409(6821), 695–697.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cox, A. G., & Goessling, W. (2014). Regenerative biology: Take the brakes off for liver repair. Nature, 506(7488), 299–300.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lackner, L. L., Horner, J. S., & Nunnari, J. (2009). Mechanistic analysis of a dynamin effector. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5942), 874–877.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chipuk, J. E., Kuwana, T., Bouchier-Hayes, L., Droin, N. M., Newmeyer, D. D., Schuler, M., & Green, D. R. (2004). Direct activation of Bax by p53 mediates mitochondrial membrane permeabilization and apoptosis. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5660), 1010–1014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Putt, A. (2006). Putt’s Law & the Successful Technocrat. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Traum, D., Swartout, W., Khooshabeh, P., Kopp, S., Scherer, S., & Leuski, A. (Eds.). (2016). Intelligent Virtual Agents: 16th International Conference, IVA 2016, Los Angeles, CA, USA, September 20–23, 2016, Proceedings (Vol. 10011). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Thomas, E. M., Temko, A., Lightbody, G., Marnane, W. P., & Boylan, G. B. (2011). Advances in Automated Neonatal Seizure Detection. In A. E. Ruano & A. R. Várkonyi-Kóczy (Eds.), New Advances in Intelligent Signal Processing (pp. 93–113). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychophysiology.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, November 15). Controversial Attempt To Revive Brain-Dead Patients Scrapped By Indian Authorities. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Pricing of a Fixed-Price Incentive Contract Awarded to RCA Corporation by the Goddard Space Flight Center (PSAD-78-49). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, S. (2005). The Influence of Product Involvement and Fan Identification on Response to Team Sponsors’ Products [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Verghese, A. (2017, June 23). Baby Steps. New York Times, BR16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jacobson, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Cox & Goessling, 2014; Jacobson, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cox & Goessling, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Lackner et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chipuk et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychophysiology
AbbreviationJ. Psychophysiol.
ISSN (print)0269-8803
ISSN (online)2151-2124
General Neuroscience
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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