How to format your references using the Journal of Psychophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon, D. (2000). Vaccine centres unite specialists in the battle against infectious diseases. Nature, 408(6813), 753–754.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shao, S., & Hegde, R. S. (2014). Cell Biology. Local synthesis and disposal. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6210), 701–702.
A journal article with 3 authors
McQuibban, G. A., Saurya, S., & Freeman, M. (2003). Mitochondrial membrane remodelling regulated by a conserved rhomboid protease. Nature, 423(6939), 537–541.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pereira Morais, M. P., Marshall, D., Flower, S. E., Caunt, C. J., James, T. D., Williams, R. J., Waterfield, N. R., & van den Elsen, J. M. H. (2013). Analysis of protein glycation using fluorescent phenylboronate gel electrophoresis. Scientific Reports, 3, 1437.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Armstrong, R. A., & Hilton, A. C. (2010). Statistical Analysis in Microbiology: Statnotes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yang, N., Jiang, X., & Pang, D.-W. (Eds.). (2016). Carbon Nanoparticles and Nanostructures. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Wille, R., & Drechsler, R. (2010). Exact Synthesis of Reversible Logic. In R. Drechsler (Ed.), Towards a Design Flow for Reversible Logic (pp. 57–91). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychophysiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 8). Amazingly Intricate Spider Web Uses Suspended Rock As An Anchor. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Amtrak: Early Progress Made in Implementing Strategic and Business Plan, but Obstacles Remain (T-RCED-95-227). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Uthe, P. B. (2010). The development of polycationic materials for gene delivery applications [Doctoral dissertation]. University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2000, September 8). Lose One, Win One. New York Times, D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gershon, 2000; Shao & Hegde, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shao & Hegde, 2014)
  • Three authors: (McQuibban et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pereira Morais et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychophysiology
AbbreviationJ. Psychophysiol.
ISSN (print)0269-8803
ISSN (online)2151-2124
General Neuroscience
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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