How to format your references using the Journal of Psychophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
White, S. H. (2009). Biophysical dissection of membrane proteins. Nature, 459(7245), 344–346.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ito, T., & Simons, M. (2011). Probing asthenospheric density, temperature, and elastic moduli below the western United States. Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6032), 947–951.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kobayashi, T., Saito, T., & Ohtani, H. (2001). Real-time spectroscopy of transition states in bacteriorhodopsin during retinal isomerization. Nature, 414(6863), 531–534.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hardy, J., Francis, K. P., DeBoer, M., Chu, P., Gibbs, K., & Contag, C. H. (2004). Extracellular replication of Listeria monocytogenes in the murine gall bladder. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5659), 851–853.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Papadimitriou, G. I., Tsimoulas, P. A., Obaidat, M. S., & Pomportsis, A. S. (2005). Multiwavelength Optical LANs. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Rook, G. A. W. (Ed.). (2009). The Hygiene Hypothesis and Darwinian Medicine. Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Boucas, D. (2008). National variations of the information society: Evidence from the Greek case. In C. Avgerou, M. L. Smith, & P. van der Besselaar (Eds.), Social Dimensions Of Information And Communication Technology Policy: Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Human Choice and Computers (HCC8), IFIP TC 9, Pretoria, South Africa, September 25-26, 2008 (pp. 63–79). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychophysiology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, October 25). 28 Things Dogs Should Never Eat. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Examination of Disbursing Officer’s Account, U.S. Army Quartermaster School, Fort Lee, Virginia (089079). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Arendse, E. M. (2014). A textual Caribbean: Voices of the multitude in Junot Díaz’s The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, March 18). The Matches at Indian Wells Come With a Generous Serving of Opulence. New York Times, SP6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (White, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Ito & Simons, 2011; White, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ito & Simons, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Kobayashi et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hardy et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychophysiology
AbbreviationJ. Psychophysiol.
ISSN (print)0269-8803
ISSN (online)2151-2124
General Neuroscience
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Other styles