How to format your references using the Journal of Psychophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barnes, N. (2010). Publish your computer code: it is good enough. Nature, 467(7317), 753.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thomas, S. G., & Franklin-Tong, V. E. (2004). Self-incompatibility triggers programmed cell death in Papaver pollen. Nature, 429(6989), 305–309.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chan, P., Curtis, R. A., & Warwicker, J. (2013). Soluble expression of proteins correlates with a lack of positively-charged surface. Scientific Reports, 3, 3333.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shin, J.-W., Hammer, N. I., Diken, E. G., Johnson, M. A., Walters, R. S., Jaeger, T. D., Duncan, M. A., Christie, R. A., & Jordan, K. D. (2004). Infrared signature of structures associated with the H+(H2O)n (n = 6 to 27) clusters. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5674), 1137–1140.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Traitler, H. (2015). Food Industry Innovation School, The. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Carver, M., Gaydarska, B., & Montón-Subías, S. (Eds.). (2015). Field Archaeology from Around the World: Ideas and Approaches. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kotsia, I., Guo, W., & Patras, I. (2012). Higher Rank Support Tensor Machines. In G. Bebis, R. Boyle, B. Parvin, D. Koracin, C. Fowlkes, S. Wang, M.-H. Choi, S. Mantler, J. Schulze, D. Acevedo, K. Mueller, & M. Papka (Eds.), Advances in Visual Computing: 8th International Symposium, ISVC 2012, Rethymnon, Crete, Greece, July 16-18, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Part II (pp. 31–40). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychophysiology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, December 28). Heart Attack Deaths More Likely At Christmas. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). Computer Systems: VA’s Target Project Never Achieved Redesign of Its Processing Software (IMTEC-86-30BR). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mehta, K. (2015). An optimized modified booth recoder for efficient design of the add-multiply operator [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nordland, R. (2017, January 20). Russia Signs Agreement Expanding Syrian Bases. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barnes, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Barnes, 2010; Thomas & Franklin-Tong, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thomas & Franklin-Tong, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Chan et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shin et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychophysiology
AbbreviationJ. Psychophysiol.
ISSN (print)0269-8803
ISSN (online)2151-2124
General Neuroscience
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Other styles