How to format your references using the Journal of Psychophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Herschman, H. R. (2003). Molecular imaging: looking at problems, seeing solutions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5645), 605–608.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhong, W., & Sternberg, P. W. (2006). Genome-wide prediction of C. elegans genetic interactions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5766), 1481–1484.
A journal article with 3 authors
Max, C. E., Canalizo, G., & de Vries, W. H. (2007). Locating the two black holes in NGC 6240. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5833), 1877–1880.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Honda, Y., Ding, X., Mussano, F., Wiberg, A., Ho, C.-M., & Nishimura, I. (2013). Guiding the osteogenic fate of mouse and human mesenchymal stem cells through feedback system control. Scientific Reports, 3, 3420.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Borisenko, V. E., & Ossicini, S. (2012). What is What in the Nanoworld. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Fenwick, M., & Wrbka, S. (Eds.). (2016). Legal Certainty in a Contemporary Context: Private and Criminal Law Perspectives. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sun, Z., & Wang, F. (2015). A Comparative Study of Features and Distance Metrics for Trajectory Clustering in Open Video Domains. In A. Zgrzywa, K. Choroś, & A. Siemiński (Eds.), New Research in Multimedia and Internet Systems (pp. 47–56). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychophysiology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, July 31). Outstanding Planetary System On Our Astronomical Doorstep. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987). ADP Acquisitions: OCC’s Procurement of Laser Printers is Proper but ADP Statutes Apply (IMTEC-87-17). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Julian, A. (2017). Guided Autobiography Themes for Older Adult United States War Veterans [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M. (1992, September 13). THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Behind the Scenes; Though Advisers Differ, Clinton’s in Tune With All. New York Times, 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Herschman, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Herschman, 2003; Zhong & Sternberg, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhong & Sternberg, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Max et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Honda et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychophysiology
AbbreviationJ. Psychophysiol.
ISSN (print)0269-8803
ISSN (online)2151-2124
General Neuroscience
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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