How to format your references using the Journal of Psychophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kyewski, B. (2008). Immunology. A breath of Aire for the periphery. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5890), 776–777.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liou, J. C., & Johnson, N. L. (2006). Planetary science. Risks in space from orbiting debris. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5759), 340–341.
A journal article with 3 authors
Christodoulides, D. N., Lederer, F., & Silberberg, Y. (2003). Discretizing light behaviour in linear and nonlinear waveguide lattices. Nature, 424(6950), 817–823.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cao, S., Zhao, H., Kang, B., Zhang, J., & Ren, W. (2014). Temperature induced spin switching in SmFeO3 single crystal. Scientific Reports, 4, 5960.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Radcliff, P. B. (2017). Modern Spain. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bonnet, R.-M. (2008). Surviving 1,000 Centuries: Can we do it? (L. Woltjer, Ed.). New York, NY: Praxis.
A chapter in an edited book
Schlüter, R. G., & Norrild, J. (2015). Enotourism in Argentina: The Power of Wine to Promote a Region. In A. Panosso Netto & L. G. G. Trigo (Eds.), Tourism in Latin America: Cases of Success (pp. 71–84). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychophysiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 24). Scientists Demand Investigation After More Mysterious Holes Appear In Siberia. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Comments on Loan Guarantee Provisions of H.R. 13350, the 1977 Authorization Bill for the Energy Research and Development Administration (No. B-178726). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Venter, W. M. (2016). People and Pride: A Qualitative Study of Place Attachment and Professional Placemakers (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2000, August 29). Gimelstob Works the Crowd. New York Times, p. D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kyewski, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kyewski, 2008; Liou & Johnson, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liou & Johnson, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Christodoulides, Lederer, & Silberberg, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Cao, Zhao, Kang, Zhang, & Ren, 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychophysiology
AbbreviationJ. Psychophysiol.
ISSN (print)0269-8803
ISSN (online)2151-2124
General Neuroscience
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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