How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. A. Diehl, “Archaeology. Patterns of cultural primacy,” Science, vol. 307, no. 5712, pp. 1055–1056, Feb. 2005.
A journal article with 2 authors
Y.-Y. Wang and T. Zhang, “Spontaneous emission noise in long-range surface plasmon polariton waveguide based optical gyroscope,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 6369, Sep. 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. Gizon, T. L. Duvall, and J. Schou, “Wave-like properties of solar supergranulation,” Nature, vol. 421, no. 6918, pp. 43–44, Jan. 2003.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Zhang, N. Stokes, B. Jia, S. Fan, and M. Gu, “Towards ultra-thin plasmonic silicon wafer solar cells with minimized efficiency loss,” Sci. Rep., vol. 4, p. 4939, May 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Passarelli, Trading Options Greeks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
H. J. Dumont, Ed., The Nile: Origin, Environments, Limnology and Human Use, vol. 89. in Monographiae Biologicae, vol. 89. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
W. Sinz et al., “Safety Measures for Avoiding or Mitigating the Occupant Exposure in Collisions with Large Animals,” in Advances in Bio-Mechanical Systems and Materials, A. Ochsner and H. Altenbach, Eds., in Advanced Structured Materials. , Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2013, pp. 59–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Magnetic Fields Can Be As Strong As Black Holes’ Gravity,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Decision To Close the Sacramento Loan Guaranty Office and Planned Study of Other Loan Guaranty Operations,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, HRD-80-16, Nov. 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P. R. Pratt, “Analysis of the thermo-mechanical characteristics of the LENSTM process for steels using the finite element method,” Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Brantley, “Pain, Protest and Resistance,” New York Times, p. C1, Oct. 17, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
AbbreviationIEEE J. Transl. Eng. Health Med.
ISSN (print)2168-2372
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
General Medicine

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