How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T.-L. Ho, “PHYSICS. Arrival of the fermion superfluid,” Science, vol. 305, no. 5687, pp. 1114–1115, Aug. 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. G. Griffith and G. Naughton, “Tissue engineering--current challenges and expanding opportunities,” Science, vol. 295, no. 5557, pp. 1009–1014, Feb. 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Franco, N. Malhotra, and G. Simonovits, “Social science. Publication bias in the social sciences: unlocking the file drawer,” Science, vol. 345, no. 6203, pp. 1502–1505, Sep. 2014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Prinz et al., “Positioning of follicular dendritic cells within the spleen controls prion neuroinvasion,” Nature, vol. 425, no. 6961, pp. 957–962, Oct. 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. Kääriäinen, D. Cameron, M.-L. Kääriäinen, and A. Sherman, Atomic Layer Deposition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
J. L. Burch and V. Angelopoulos, Eds., The THEMIS Mission. New York, NY: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Nieminen et al., “Natural and Restored Wetland Buffers in Reducing Sediment and Nutrient Export from Forested Catchments: Finnish Experiences,” in The Role of Natural and Constructed Wetlands in Nutrient Cycling and Retention on the Landscape, J. Vymazal, Ed. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 57–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “Elon Musk Will Quit White House Advisor Role If America Leaves Paris Agreement,” IFLScience, Jun. 01, 2017. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Telecommunications: Full Adoption of Sound Transition Planning Practices by GSA and Selected Agencies Could Improve Planning Efforts,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-06-476, Jun. 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Y. Ma, “Vesicular Stomatitis Virus as a Vector to Deliver Virus-Like Particles of Human Norovirus: A New Live Vectored Vaccine for Human Norovirus,” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. K. (nyt), “World Briefing | Europe: Belarus: Journalists Sentenced,” New York Times, p. A6, Jun. 25, 2002.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
AbbreviationIEEE J. Transl. Eng. Health Med.
ISSN (print)2168-2372
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
General Medicine

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