How to format your references using the IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. Sherwood Lollar, “Geochemistry. Life’s chemical kitchen,” Science, vol. 304, no. 5673, pp. 972–973, May 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
F. Massol and P.-A. Crochet, “Do animal personalities emerge?,” Nature, vol. 451, no. 7182, pp. E8-9; discussion E9-10, Feb. 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. Pellizzoni, J. Yong, and G. Dreyfuss, “Essential role for the SMN complex in the specificity of snRNP assembly,” Science, vol. 298, no. 5599, pp. 1775–1779, Nov. 2002.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. D. Harvey, F. Collman, D. A. Dombeck, and D. W. Tank, “Intracellular dynamics of hippocampal place cells during virtual navigation,” Nature, vol. 461, no. 7266, pp. 941–946, Oct. 2009.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. J. Martinelli, J. M. Waddell, and T. J. Rahschulte, Program Management for Improved Business Results. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
V. Cutsuridis, B. Graham, S. Cobb, and I. Vida, Eds., Hippocampal Microcircuits: A Computational Modeler’s Resource Book, vol. 5. New York, NY: Springer, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
A. J. Vázquez Álvarez and R. S. Erwin, “Optimal Satellite Range Scheduling,” in An Introduction to Optimal Satellite Range Scheduling, R. S. Erwin, Ed. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 49–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “Court Rules That Kids Can Sue US Government Over Climate Change,” IFLScience, 16-Nov-2016. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 30-Oct-2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Aviation Safety: Measuring How Safely Individual Airlines Operate,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, RCED-88-61, Mar. 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Brothers, “Nonparametric regression using wavelet transformations and noise reduction in audio signals,” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Paulson, “Hello? Dolly? Bette Midler Might Not Sing at Tonys,” New York Times, p. C1, 29-May-2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
AbbreviationIEEE J. Transl. Eng. Health Med.
ISSN (print)2168-2372
ScopeBiomedical Engineering
General Medicine

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