How to format your references using the Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McDonough, W. F. (2007) Geophysics. Mapping the Earth’s engine. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317, 1177–1178.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lubin, D., & Vogelmann, A. M. (2006) A climatologically significant aerosol longwave indirect effect in the Arctic. Nature, 439, 453–456.
A journal article with 3 authors
Casanueva, M. O., Burga, A., & Lehner, B. (2012) Fitness trade-offs and environmentally induced mutation buffering in isogenic C. elegans. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335, 82–85.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Du, H., Zhang, X., Du, M., et al. (2014) Association study between XPG Asp1104His polymorphism and colorectal cancer risk in a Chinese population. Scientific Reports, 4, 6700.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barbosa, P., Berry, D. L., & Kary, C. S. (2014) Insect Histology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Shalaby, M., & Moghadam, V. M. (Eds.) (2016) Empowering Women after the Arab Spring. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Suppes, P. (2006) Ramsey’s Psychological Theory of Belief. In: Cambridge and Vienna: Frank P. Ramsey and the Vienna Circle (ed Galavotti, M. C.), pp. 35–53. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, June 14) Photographs Of Cities From Space Have Shown A Worrying Trend. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle: DOD Guidance Needed to Protect Government’s Interest (No. NSIAD-98-151). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Frederiksen, M. D. (2013) Engaging physicians to support corporate compliance programs: A grounded theory study (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, October 16) Reaching No.1 On the Billboard Charts. New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McDonough, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Lubin & Vogelmann, 2006; McDonough, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lubin & Vogelmann, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Du et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Psychiatr. Ment. Health Nurs.
ISSN (print)1351-0126
ISSN (online)1365-2850
ScopePhychiatric Mental Health

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