How to format your references using the Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2005) Bricks and mortar. Scottish Structural Proteomics Facility, University of St Andrews, UK. Nature, 433, 666.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hunt, T. L., & Lipo, C. P. (2006) Late colonization of Easter Island. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311, 1603–1606.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chan, C. M., Zhou, C., & Huang, R. H. (2009) Reconstituting bacterial RNA repair and modification in vitro. Science (New York, N.Y.), 326, 247.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gessler, D., Dye, C., Farmer, P., et al. (2006) Public health. A National Tuberculosis Archive. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311, 1245–1246.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thompson, G. R. (2011) Reading the American Novel 1865-1914. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bychkov, V. L., Golubkov, G. V., & Nikitin, A. I. (Eds.) (2014) The Atmosphere and Ionosphere: Elementary Processes, Monitoring, and Ball Lightning. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Katz, G., Shabtai, A., & Rokach, L. (2014) Adapted Features and Instance Selection for Improving Co-training. In: Interactive Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining in Biomedical Informatics: State-of-the-Art and Future Challenges (eds Holzinger, A., & Jurisica, I.), pp. 81–100. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, January 23) First new river dolphin species found since World War I. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974) Awarding and Implementing an Emergency School Aid Act Grant to the North End Concerned Citizens Community Council, Detroit, Michigan (No. B-164031(1)). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Young, W. B. (2017) First-Generation Undergraduate Researchers: Engaging and Validating Cultural Wealth-Based Self-Authors (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, September 26) After Long Hours, the Red Sox Keep a Slim Lead. New York Times, p. D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Hunt & Lipo, 2006; Smaglik, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hunt & Lipo, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Gessler et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Psychiatr. Ment. Health Nurs.
ISSN (print)1351-0126
ISSN (online)1365-2850
ScopePhychiatric Mental Health

Other styles