How to format your references using the Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball, P. (2011) Crisis response: The new history. Nature, 480, 447–448.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heo, J. B., & Sung, S. (2011) Vernalization-mediated epigenetic silencing by a long intronic noncoding RNA. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331, 76–79.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hong, J.-W., Hendrix, D. A., & Levine, M. S. (2008) Shadow enhancers as a source of evolutionary novelty. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321, 1314.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Beck, M., Hofstetter, D., Aellen, T., et al. (2002) Continuous wave operation of a mid-infrared semiconductor laser at room temperature. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295, 301–305.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gray, R. (2011) A History of American Literature. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Westfall, J. (2012) Beginning Android Web Apps Development: Develop for Android using HTML5, CSS3, and JavaScript. (eds Augusto, R., & Allen, G.). Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Neri, E., & Mazziotti, S. (2012) Altre applicazioni della TC Dentascan. In: Il Dentascan (ed Mazziotti, S.), pp. 33–43. Milano: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, November 18) Are Aliens Trying To Tell Us Something? Brightest Burst Of Radio Waves Detected. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) The High-Speed Rail Investment Act of 2001 (S. 250) (No. GAO-01-756R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blasdel, E. S. (2010) A phenomenological study of barriers for women in federal law enforcement (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2016, September 12) At 8 Feet Tall, He Sat Down and Started Getting Noticed. New York Times, p. D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ball, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ball, 2011; Heo & Sung, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Heo & Sung, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Beck et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Psychiatr. Ment. Health Nurs.
ISSN (print)1351-0126
ISSN (online)1365-2850
ScopePhychiatric Mental Health

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