How to format your references using the Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Seife, C. (2000) NEUROPSYCHOLOGY: Language Affects Sound Perception. Science (New York, N.Y.), 290, 2051b–2b.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kramer, E. M., & Donohue, K. (2006) Evolution. Traversing the adaptive landscape in snapdragons. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313, 924–925.
A journal article with 3 authors
Balazs, A. C., Emrick, T., & Russell, T. P. (2006) Nanoparticle polymer composites: where two small worlds meet. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314, 1107–1110.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Murphy, M. T., Flambaum, V. V., Muller, S., et al. (2008) Strong limit on a variable proton-to-electron mass ratio from molecules in the distant universe. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320, 1611–1613.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, B. L., Hendrix, S. B., Hedges, D. W., et al. (2011) Multivariate Analysis for the Biobehavioral and Social Sciences. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bussler, C., & Shan, M.-C. (Eds.) (2006) Technologies for E-Services: 6th International Workshop, TES 2005, Trondheim, Norway, September 2-3, 2005, Revised Selected Papers, Vol. 3811. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Demuijnck, G. (2005) Poverty as a Human Rights Violation and the Limits of Nationalism. In: Real World Justice: Grounds, Principles, Human Rights, and Social Institutions (eds Follesdal, A., & Pogge, T.), pp. 65–83. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016, August 9) Why Save A Computer Virus? IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Aircraft Certification: New FAA Approach Needed to Meet Challenges of Advanced Technology (No. RCED-93-155). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Long, J. J. (2012) Comparison of health-promoting lifestyles in adult patients with and without primary care provider continuity (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Schlossberg, T. (2015, February 5) After Fatal Crash, Pausing Before Picking a Train Seat. New York Times, p. A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Seife, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kramer & Donohue, 2006; Seife, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kramer & Donohue, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Murphy et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Psychiatr. Ment. Health Nurs.
ISSN (print)1351-0126
ISSN (online)1365-2850
ScopePhychiatric Mental Health

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