How to format your references using the Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reenan, R. A. (2005) Molecular determinants and guided evolution of species-specific RNA editing. Nature, 434, 409–413.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gislason, S. R., & Oelkers, E. H. (2014) Geochemistry. Carbon storage in basalt. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344, 373–374.
A journal article with 3 authors
Medina, P. P., Nolde, M., & Slack, F. J. (2010) OncomiR addiction in an in vivo model of microRNA-21-induced pre-B-cell lymphoma. Nature, 467, 86–90.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Clyde, D. E., Corado, M. S. G., Wu, X., et al. (2003) A self-organizing system of repressor gradients establishes segmental complexity in Drosophila. Nature, 426, 849–853.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Simiu, E. (2011) Design of Buildings for Wind. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hruschka, E. R., Watada, J., & Carmo Nicoletti, M. do (Eds.) (2011) Integrated Computing Technology: First International Conference, INTECH 2011, Sao Carlos, Brazil, May 31 – June 2, 2011. Proceedings, Vol. 165. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Klein, J., & Klein, N. (2013) The Third Decade: The Vow. In: Solitude of a Humble Genius - Gregor Johann Mendel: Volume 1: Formative Years (ed Klein, N.), pp. 191–266. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 6) Incredible Video Shows Volcanic Eruption in Papua New Guinea. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Customs Service Modernization: Architecture Must Be Complete and Enforced to Effectively Build and Maintain Systems (No. AIMD-98-70). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayorga, J. (2009) MSW students’ perception of mental health competence (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, May 6) Dwindling Funds Jeopardize Immigrant Center. New York Times, p. LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reenan, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Gislason & Oelkers, 2014; Reenan, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gislason & Oelkers, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Clyde et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Psychiatr. Ment. Health Nurs.
ISSN (print)1351-0126
ISSN (online)1365-2850
ScopePhychiatric Mental Health

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