How to format your references using the Psychoneuroendocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychoneuroendocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stockwell, B.R., 2004. Exploring biology with small organic molecules. Nature 432, 846–854.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tsuda, A., Osuka, A., 2001. Fully conjugated porphyrin tapes with electronic absorption bands that reach into infrared. Science 293, 79–82.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jasny, B.R., Zahn, L.M., Marshall, E., 2009. Complex systems and networks. Connections. Introduction. Science 325, 405.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
King, D.A., Peckham, C., Waage, J.K., Brownlie, J., Woolhouse, M.E.J., 2006. Epidemiology. Infectious diseases: preparing for the future. Science 313, 1392–1393.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pandey, J.N., 1995. The Hilbert Transform of Schwartz Distributions and Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bjørner, N., Voronkov, A. (Eds.), 2012. Logic for Programming, Artificial Intelligence, and Reasoning: 18th International Conference, LPAR-18, Mérida, Venezuela, March 11-15, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Moallem, A., 2011. Did You Forget Your Password?, in: Marcus, A. (Ed.), Design, User Experience, and Usability. Theory, Methods, Tools and Practice: First International Conference, DUXU 2011, Held as Part of HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011, Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 29–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychoneuroendocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Brain Pathway Rediscovered After 100 Years [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Serious Shortcomings in FAA’s Training Program Must Be Remedied (No. T-RCED-90-91). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, S., 2004. Characterization of Ribosomal S6 Protein Phosphorylation and Posssible Control of Ribosome Biogenesis in Arabidopsis Cell Culture (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M., Pianigiani, G., 2013. Agent Blames Trainer for Drug-Test Failures. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stockwell, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Stockwell, 2004; Tsuda and Osuka, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tsuda and Osuka, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (King et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychoneuroendocrinology
ISSN (print)0306-4530
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Psychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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