How to format your references using the Psychoneuroendocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychoneuroendocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davis, M., 2013. Urban planning: Monumental knock-offs. Nature 494, 427–428.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dawson, R.J.P., Locher, K.P., 2006. Structure of a bacterial multidrug ABC transporter. Nature 443, 180–185.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ioannou, C.C., Guttal, V., Couzin, I.D., 2012. Predatory fish select for coordinated collective motion in virtual prey. Science 337, 1212–1215.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Duong, B., Liu, H., Ma, L., Su, M., 2014. Covert thermal barcodes based on phase change nanoparticles. Sci. Rep. 4, 5170.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mang, T., Bobzin, K., Bartels, T., 2010. Industrial Tribology. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Kollias, S., Stafylopatis, A., Duch, W., Oja, E. (Eds.), 2006. Artificial Neural Networks – ICANN 2006: 16th International Conference, Athens, Greece, September 10-14, 2006. Proceedings, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Halt, G.B., Fesnak, R., Donch, J.C., Stiles, A.R., 2014. Domain Names, in: Donch, J.C., Jr., Stiles, A.R., Fesnak, R. (Eds.), Intellectual Property in Consumer Electronics, Software and Technology Startups. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 61–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychoneuroendocrinology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Earliest Fossil Traces of Life Questioned [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. NASA Contract Management: Improving the Use of DCAA’s Auditing Services (No. NSIAD-94-229). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Senk, J.M., 2015. The life stories of women warriors: An exploratory study of female student-veterans balancing the transition to college (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2016. Prince Museum Approved. New York Times C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Davis, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Davis, 2013; Dawson and Locher, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dawson and Locher, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Duong et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychoneuroendocrinology
ISSN (print)0306-4530
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Psychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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