How to format your references using the Psychoneuroendocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychoneuroendocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Faedi, F., 2015. Exoplanets: A glimpse of Earth’s fate. Nature 526, 515–516.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tozer, S., Morin, X., 2014. Neuroscience. Young neurons sever ties to the parental niche. Science 343, 146–147.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cobaleda, C., Jochum, W., Busslinger, M., 2007. Conversion of mature B cells into T cells by dedifferentiation to uncommitted progenitors. Nature 449, 473–477.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lelieveld, J., Lechtenböhmer, S., Assonov, S.S., Brenninkmeijer, C.A.M., Dienst, C., Fischedick, M., Hanke, T., 2005. Greenhouse gases: low methane leakage from gas pipelines. Nature 434, 841–842.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carver, R.H., Tai, K.-C., 2005. Modern Multithreading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Fan, X. (Ed.), 2009. Advanced Photonic Structures for Biological and Chemical Detection, Integrated Analytical Systems. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Benson, E., Marcus, A., Howahl, F., Karger, D., 2010. Talking about Data: Sharing Richly Structured Information through Blogs and Wikis, in: Patel-Schneider, P.F., Pan, Y., Hitzler, P., Mika, P., Zhang, L., Pan, J.Z., Horrocks, I., Glimm, B. (Eds.), The Semantic Web – ISWC 2010: 9th International Semantic Web Conference, ISWC 2010, Shanghai, China, November 7-11, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 48–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychoneuroendocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Explore the Tunnels Under London With This Awesome Drone Footage [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Delays in Critical Air Traffic Control Modernization Projects Require Increased FAA Attention to Existing Systems (No. T-IMTEC-91-14). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chiu, Y.-Y.L., 2012. Multicultural educational policies: A correlational investigation of cultural competencies and feelings of inclusion (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2015. A Hurdle to Transparency. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Faedi, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Faedi, 2015; Tozer and Morin, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tozer and Morin, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Lelieveld et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychoneuroendocrinology
ISSN (print)0306-4530
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Psychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry
Endocrine and Autonomic Systems

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