How to format your references using the Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Curchoe CL (2015) The power of mentoring. Science 350:478
A journal article with 2 authors
Tuthill PG, Lloyd JP (2007) A symmetric bipolar nebula around MWC 922. Science 316:247
A journal article with 3 authors
Lieberman D, Tooby J, Cosmides L (2007) The architecture of human kin detection. Nature 445:727–731
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wallingford JB, Rowning BA, Vogeli KM, et al (2000) Dishevelled controls cell polarity during Xenopus gastrulation. Nature 405:81–85

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Camarillo G, García-Martín MA (2006) The 3G IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Carbone G (2013) Grasping in Robotics. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Weltner K, Schuster P, Weber WJ, Grosjean J (2009) Exponential, Logarithmic and Hyperbolic Functions. In: Weber WJ, Grosjean J, Schuster P (eds) Mathematics for Physicists and Engineers: Fundamentals and Interactive Study Guide. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 69–84

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Endurance Training Influences Gene Expression In Muscles. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) General Accounting Office Reviews of Federal Environmental Research and Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cornelius DA (2014) The value of Scrum to organizations: A case study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2017) Netflix, With Money to Burn, Draws the Ire of Spurned TV Executives. New York Times B4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics
AbbreviationJ. Pharmacokinet. Pharmacodyn.
ISSN (print)1567-567X
ISSN (online)1573-8744

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