How to format your references using the Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Tauris TM (2012) Spin-down of radio millisecond pulsars at genesis. Science 335:561–563
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wang D, Fernandez-Martinez A (2012) Materials science. Order from disorder. Science 337:812–813
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Shim JH, Haule K, Kotliar G (2007) Modeling the localized-to-itinerant electronic transition in the heavy fermion system CeIrIn5. Science 318:1615–1617
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Elias A, Crayton SH, Warden-Rothman R, Tsourkas A (2014) Quantitative comparison of tumor delivery for multiple targeted nanoparticles simultaneously by multiplex ICP-MS. Sci Rep 4:5840

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ferguson N, Schneier B, Kohno T (2015) Cryptography Engineering. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana
An edited book
1.
Greiner W (2013) Exciting Interdisciplinary Physics: Quarks and Gluons / Atomic Nuclei / Relativity and Cosmology / Biological Systems. Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Yadav T, Mungray AA, Mungray AK (2014) Fabricated Nanoparticles: Current Status and Potential Phytotoxic Threats. In: Whitacre DM (ed) Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology volume: With Cumulative and Comprehensive Index Subjects Covered Volumes 221-230. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 83–110

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2017) An Enormous Mysterious Crack Just Opened Up In The Middle Of The Arizona Desert. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/enormous-crack-opened-arizona/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1970) Controls Over Computer-Generated Output at the Naval Supply Center, Oakland. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Wicks CF (2017) The Self-Concept of Students in Remediation in a Rural Community College in Mississippi. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hollander S (2002) For Pfluger, a Career of Achievement. New York Times D4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics
AbbreviationJ. Pharmacokinet. Pharmacodyn.
ISSN (print)1567-567X
ISSN (online)1573-8744
ScopePharmacology

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