How to format your references using the Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Heer W (2000) SOLID STATE PHYSICS: A Question of Dimensions. Science 289:1702–1703
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bednarek P, Osbourn A (2009) Plant-microbe interactions: chemical diversity in plant defense. Science 324:746–748
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sun T-T, Tseng SC, Lavker RM (2010) Location of corneal epithelial stem cells. Nature 463:E10-1; discussion E11
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Kim S-J, Naruse M, Aono M, et al (2013) Decision maker based on nanoscale photo-excitation transfer. Sci Rep 3:2370

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Duffy DJ (2006) Finite Difference Methods in Financial Engineering. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
1.
Rosenberg D (2005) Agile Development with ICONIX Process: People, Process, and Pragmatism. A-Press, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ma Y, Ding W (2013) Design and Implementation of Parent Fish Breeding Management System Based on RFID Technology. In: Li D, Chen Y (eds) Computer and Computing Technologies in Agriculture VI: 6th IFIP WG 5.14 International Conference, CCTA 2012, Zhangjiajie, China, October 19-21, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 27–34

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) 2011 Japan Tsunami Debris Is Washing Up Along The Coasts Of The United States. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2009) Briefing on Air Force’s Response on Fee-For-Service Aerial Refueling. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Fonteix KA (2013) Separate, But Not Equal: A Qualitative Case Study Comparing Traditional And Homebound Instruction Using Technology. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh MW (2016) Puerto Rico Debt Plan Prioritizes Pensions. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics
AbbreviationJ. Pharmacokinet. Pharmacodyn.
ISSN (print)1567-567X
ISSN (online)1573-8744
ScopePharmacology

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