How to format your references using the International Journal of Euro-Mediterranean Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Euro-Mediterranean Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Anthes E (2014) Treatment: Marginal gains. Nature 508:S54-6
A journal article with 2 authors
Cyranoski D, Chou I-H (2004) Winds of change blow away the cobwebs on campus. Nature 429:210–214
A journal article with 3 authors
Mookherjee M, Stixrude L, Karki B (2008) Hydrous silicate melt at high pressure. Nature 452:983–986
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Grigera TS, Martín-Mayor V, Parisi G, Verrocchio P (2003) Phonon interpretation of the “boson peak” in supercooled liquids. Nature 422:289–292

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jank W, Shmueli G (2010) Modeling Online Auctions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Li F, Shim K, Zheng K, Liu G (eds) (2016) Web Technologies and Applications: 18th Asia-Pacific Web Conference, APWeb 2016, Suzhou, China, September 23-25, 2016. Proceedings, Part I. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Azevedo LG, Zimbrão G, Souza JM (2007) Approximate Query Processing in Spatial Databases Using Raster Signatures. In: Davis CA, Monteiro AMV (eds) Advances in Geoinformatics: VIII Brazilian Symposium on GeoInformatics, GEOINFO 2006, Campos do Jordão (SP), Brazil, November 19–22, 2006. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 69–86

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Euro-Mediterranean Studies.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Ancient Hippo-Sized Mammal Was A Suction Feeder. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Weather Forecasting: New Processing System Faces Uncertainties and Risks. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Portwood B (2017) Inclusive Special and General Education Secondary Teachers’ Attitudes towards the Inclusion of Students with Disabilities in the General Education Setting. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kenigsberg B (2017) A Wilted Period Piece. New York Times C4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Anthes 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Cyranoski and Chou 2004; Anthes 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cyranoski and Chou 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Grigera et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Euro-Mediterranean Studies
ISSN (print)1855-3362
ISSN (online)2232-6022

Other styles