How to format your references using the International Journal of Euro-Mediterranean Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Euro-Mediterranean Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zeki S (2000) Abstraction and idealism. Nature 404:547
A journal article with 2 authors
Lynch M, Conery JS (2003) The origins of genome complexity. Science 302:1401–1404
A journal article with 3 authors
Gizon L, Duvall TL, Schou J (2003) Wave-like properties of solar supergranulation. Nature 421:43–44
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Martin CF, Bhui R, Bossaerts P, et al (2014) Chimpanzee choice rates in competitive games match equilibrium game theory predictions. Sci Rep 4:5182

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Labuszewski JW, Nyhoff JE, Co R, Peterson PE (2010) The CME Group Risk Management Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Badrignans B, Danger JL, Fischer V, et al (eds) (2011) Security Trends for FPGAS: From Secured to Secure Reconfigurable Systems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Aarts F, Heidarian F, Kuppens H, et al (2012) Automata Learning through Counterexample Guided Abstraction Refinement. In: Giannakopoulou D, Méry D (eds) FM 2012: Formal Methods: 18th International Symposium, Paris, France, August 27-31, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 10–27

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Euro-Mediterranean Studies.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2015) Physicists Discover Particle Made Entirely Of Nuclear Force. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979) Selected FCC Regulatory Policies: Their Purpose and Consequences for Commercial Radio and TV. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Volkmer JE (2010) The Cretaceous-Tertiary tectonic evolution of the Lhasa Terrane, Tibet. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Roberts S (2015) Vasily Pichul, 54, Director of ‘Little Vera.’ New York Times A23

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zeki 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Zeki 2000; Lynch and Conery 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lynch and Conery 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Martin et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Euro-Mediterranean Studies
ISSN (print)1855-3362
ISSN (online)2232-6022

Other styles