How to format your references using the International Journal of Euro-Mediterranean Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Euro-Mediterranean Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carninci P (2014) Genomics: mice in the ENCODE spotlight. Nature 515:346–347
A journal article with 2 authors
Platt ML, Adams GK (2012) Psychology. Monkey see, monkey read. Science 336:168–169
A journal article with 3 authors
Ohbayashi M, Ohki K, Miyashita Y (2003) Conversion of working memory to motor sequence in the monkey premotor cortex. Science 301:233–236
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ribó JM, Crusats J, Sagués F, et al (2001) Chiral sign induction by vortices during the formation of mesophases in stirred solutions. Science 292:2063–2066

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Etten WC (2006) Introduction to Random Signals and Noise. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Sun Z, Lai J, Chen X, Tan T (eds) (2011) Biometric Recognition: 6th Chinese Conference, CCBR 2011, Beijing, China, December 3-4, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Bocewicz G, Wójcik R, Banaszak Z (2012) Cyclic Scheduling for Supply Chain Network. In: Rodríguez JMC, Pérez JB, Golinska P, et al. (eds) Trends in Practical Applications of Agents and Multiagent Systems: 10th International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 39–47

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Euro-Mediterranean Studies.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Watch What Happens When You Shoot Potassium Bullets Into Water. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Drug Abuse: Research on Treatment May Not Address Current Needs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Xiao S (2012) Effects of adsorbates on the electronic properties of graphene. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2009) We’re All Finally Learning The True Price Of Football. New York Times B14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carninci 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Platt and Adams 2012; Carninci 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Platt and Adams 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Ribó et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Euro-Mediterranean Studies
ISSN (print)1855-3362
ISSN (online)2232-6022

Other styles