How to format your references using the International Journal of Euro-Mediterranean Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Euro-Mediterranean Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buchen L (2011) Cancer: Missing the mark. Nature 471:428–432
A journal article with 2 authors
Settele J, Kühn E (2009) Ecology. Insect conservation. Science 325:41–42
A journal article with 3 authors
Sharp DJ, Rogers GC, Scholey JM (2000) Microtubule motors in mitosis. Nature 407:41–47
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kissel J, Krueger FR, Silén J, Clark BC (2004) The Cometary and Interstellar Dust Analyzer at comet 81P/Wild 2. Science 304:1774–1776

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ytterdal T, Cheng Y, Fjeldly TA (2003) Device Modeling for Analog and RF CMOS Circuit Design. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Kole C (ed) (2011) Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources: Plantation and Ornamental Crops. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Kinsley H, McGugan W (2015) Creating Visuals. In: McGugan W (ed) Beginning Python Games Development: With Pygame. Apress, Berkeley, CA, pp 61–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Euro-Mediterranean Studies.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Carnivorous Crustacean was Ancient Relative of this Eyeball with Legs. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Follow-Up on Contracting Issues at Denver International Airport. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robertson E (2014) Transitional services for emancipated foster youth: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2008) SAILING. New York Times LI8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buchen 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Settele and Kühn 2009; Buchen 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Settele and Kühn 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Kissel et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Euro-Mediterranean Studies
ISSN (print)1855-3362
ISSN (online)2232-6022

Other styles