How to format your references using the International Journal of Euro-Mediterranean Studies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Euro-Mediterranean Studies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hardt W-D (2015) Antibiotics: Homed to the hideout. Nature 527:309–310
A journal article with 2 authors
Vasconcelos C, McKenzie JA (2009) Geochemistry. The descent of minerals. Science 323:218–219
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmith T, Johansen S, Thejll P (2007) Comment on “A semi-empirical approach to projecting future sea-level rise.” Science 317:1866; author reply 1866
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kapitein LC, Peterman EJG, Kwok BH, et al (2005) The bipolar mitotic kinesin Eg5 moves on both microtubules that it crosslinks. Nature 435:114–118

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rushton A (2011) VHDL for Logic Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Peeters S (2010) Flash Builder and Flash Catalyst: The New Workflow. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
Wortham SC (2013) Establishing Preschool Environments in Rural West Africa. In: Clark Wortham S (ed) Common Characteristics and Unique Qualities in Preschool Programs: Global Perspectives in Early Childhood Education. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 37–46

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Euro-Mediterranean Studies.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) A Cargo Spacecraft Has Been Doing Some Pretty Cool Things In Orbit. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Army Budget: Potential Reductions to Budget Requests for Selected ADP Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Molina-Gutierrez E (2009) Keys to my home: A grant proposal project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ember S, Bowley G (2017) First Trial In Cosby Case Is a Guide For the 2nd. New York Times A11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hardt 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Vasconcelos and McKenzie 2009; Hardt 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vasconcelos and McKenzie 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Kapitein et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Euro-Mediterranean Studies
ISSN (print)1855-3362
ISSN (online)2232-6022

Other styles