How to format your references using the Journal of Prosthodontic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Prosthodontic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Macilwain C. The future of science will soon be upon us. Nature 2015;524:137.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Bhalerao S, Clandinin TR. Cell biology. Vitamin K2 takes charge. Science 2012;336:1241–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Biek R, Drummond AJ, Poss M. A virus reveals population structure and recent demographic history of its carnivore host. Science 2006;311:538–41.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Bugoslavsky Y, Cohen LF, Perkins GK, Polichetti M, Tate TJ, Gwilliam R, et al. Enhancement of the high-magnetic-field critical current density of superconducting MgB2 by proton irradiation. Nature 2001;411:561–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Maier H. Chemiker im „Dritten Reich“. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Zhao Y. Multi-band Polarization Imaging and Applications. 1st ed. 2016. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Karlsson F, Ågerfalk PJ. Method Configuration: The eXtreme Programming Case. In: Abrahamsson P, Baskerville R, Conboy K, Fitzgerald B, Morgan L, Wang X, editors. Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming: 9th International Conference, XP 2008, Limerick, Ireland, June 10-14, 2008. Proceedings, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008, p. 32–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Prosthodontic Research.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. 9 Animal “Facts” Everyone Gets Wrong. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/10-animal-facts-we-still-get-wrong/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. The Armed Forces Institute of Pathology Should Consider Limiting and/or Charging User Fees for Civilian Consultations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Belflower KE. The relationship between demographic and employment variables of job satisfaction among emergency nurses. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Dominus S. Just Dance. New York Times 2016:MM20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Prosthodontic Research
AbbreviationJ. Prosthodont. Res.
ISSN (print)1883-1958
ScopeDentistry (miscellaneous)
Oral Surgery

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