How to format your references using the Journal of Prosthodontic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Prosthodontic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Melton L. Pharmacogenetics and genotyping: on the trail of SNPs. Nature 2003;422:917, 919, 921, 923.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Savaglio S, Carbone V. Scaling in athletic world records. Nature 2000;404:244.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Zhang G, Liu C, Fan S. Directly measuring of thermal pulse transfer in one-dimensional highly aligned carbon nanotubes. Sci Rep 2013;3:2549.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Fedoriw AM, Stein P, Svoboda P, Schultz RM, Bartolomei MS. Transgenic RNAi reveals essential function for CTCF in H19 gene imprinting. Science 2004;303:238–40.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Bilisoly R. Practical Text Mining with Perl. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2008.
An edited book
[1]
Lambek NCS, Claeys P, Wong A, Brilmayer L, editors. Rethinking Food Systems: Structural Challenges, New Strategies and the Law. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Chatterjee S, Sarkar P. Selective-Identity Model. In: Sarkar P, editor. Identity-Based Encryption, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2011, p. 63–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Prosthodontic Research.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Rising Atmospheric CO2 Has Lead To A Global “Greening” Effect. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/rising-atmospheric-co2-has-lead-greening-effect/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Progress of the DD(X) Destroyer Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Blumenthal PM. Local Land Use Regulatory Regimes and Residential Development Outcomes: An Analysis of Subdivision Review in Four Counties in the DC Region. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Brantley B. A Perfectly Imperfect Shaggy Fish Story. New York Times 2017:C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Prosthodontic Research
AbbreviationJ. Prosthodont. Res.
ISSN (print)1883-1958
ScopeDentistry (miscellaneous)
Oral Surgery

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