How to format your references using the Journal of Prosthodontic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Prosthodontic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
O’Connor SE. PLANT BIOCHEMISTRY. Fighting cancer while saving the mayapple. Science 2015;349:1167–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Straneo F, Heimbach P. North Atlantic warming and the retreat of Greenland’s outlet glaciers. Nature 2013;504:36–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Cheng N, Tsunenari T, Yau K-W. Intrinsic light response of retinal horizontal cells of teleosts. Nature 2009;460:899–903.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kravchenko VV, Kaufmann GF, Mathison JC, Scott DA, Katz AZ, Grauer DC, et al. Modulation of gene expression via disruption of NF-kappaB signaling by a bacterial small molecule. Science 2008;321:259–63.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Kolb RW. Sovereign Debt. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Möller S, Raake A, editors. Quality of Experience: Advanced Concepts, Applications and Methods. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Schroeder P, Schieke SM, Morita A. Premature Skin Aging by Infrared Radiation, Tobacco Smoke and Ozone. In: Gilchrest BA, Krutmann J, editors. Skin Aging, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006, p. 45–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Prosthodontic Research.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Global Carbon Emissions Plateaued In 2015, According To BP. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Management Guidelines for Cost Accounting and Cost Control for ADP Systems Design and Development Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Zeedick DM. The modified delphi method to analyze the application of instructional design theory to online graduate education. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Bartlett B. It’s Not Too Late to Fix Fox News. New York Times 2016:A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Prosthodontic Research
AbbreviationJ. Prosthodont. Res.
ISSN (print)1883-1958
ScopeDentistry (miscellaneous)
Oral Surgery

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