How to format your references using the Journal of Prosthodontic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Prosthodontic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Habib S. Quantum physics. No mere anarchy. Science 2001;293:221–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Saye RI, Sethian JA. Multiscale modeling of membrane rearrangement, drainage, and rupture in evolving foams. Science 2013;340:720–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Yamamoto Y, Stock DW, Jeffery WR. Hedgehog signalling controls eye degeneration in blind cavefish. Nature 2004;431:844–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Bouillet P, Purton JF, Godfrey DI, Zhang L-C, Coultas L, Puthalakath H, et al. BH3-only Bcl-2 family member Bim is required for apoptosis of autoreactive thymocytes. Nature 2002;415:922–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Matte GS. Perfusion for Congenital Heart Surgery. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Martinelli E, editor. Funzioni e varietà complesse. vol. 30. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Li Y, Zirah S, Rebuffat S. Biosynthesis, Regulation and Export of Lasso Peptides. In: Zirah S, Rebuffat S, editors. Lasso Peptides: Bacterial Strategies to Make and Maintain Bioactive Entangled Scaffolds, New York, NY: Springer; 2015, p. 81–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Prosthodontic Research.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. How The Giraffe Got Its Neck. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Protest of NASA Contract Award. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Bryan JD. Team development social networking and its impact on the encouragement of spiritual leadership. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
St. John Kelly E. Needles Click to a Younger Beat. New York Times 1998:144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Prosthodontic Research
AbbreviationJ. Prosthodont. Res.
ISSN (print)1883-1958
ScopeDentistry (miscellaneous)
Oral Surgery

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