How to format your references using the Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Zerhouni E. Embryonic stem cells. Stem cell programs. Science. 2003;300(5621):911-912.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Williams BG, Dye C. Antiretroviral drugs for tuberculosis control in the era of HIV/AIDS. Science. 2003;301(5639):1535-1537.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Fromm M, Nedoluha G, Charvát Z. Comment on “Large volcanic aerosol load in the stratosphere linked to Asian monsoon transport.” Science. 2013;339(6120):647.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Chu K, Vojtchovský J, McMahon BH, Sweet RM, Berendzen J, Schlichting I. Structure of a ligand-binding intermediate in wild-type carbonmonoxy myoglobin. Nature. 2000;403(6772):921-923.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Taylor CJ, Young PC, Chotai A. True Digital Control. John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Jankowski N, Duch W, Gra̧bczewski K, eds. Meta-Learning in Computational Intelligence. Vol 358. Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Zulkharnain, Sher A. Smart Card Based on Hash Function. In: Abd Manaf A, Sahibuddin S, Ahmad R, Mohd Daud S, El-Qawasmeh E, eds. Informatics Engineering and Information Science: International Conference, ICIEIS 2011, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, November 14-16, 2011, Proceedings, Part IV. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer; 2011:41-51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. What The Hell Is This Prehistoric-Looking Prawn Fish? IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Interagency Laboratory Use: Current Practices and Recurring Problems. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Mitra A. Sigma Factor N: A Novel Regulator of Acid Resistance and Locus of Enterocyte Effacement in Escherichia coli O157:H7. Published online 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Glanz J, Armendariz A. Years of Questions, but Researcher Gets a Pass. New York Times. March 8, 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Society of Cytopathology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Soc. Cytopathol.
ISSN (print)2213-2945
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine

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