How to format your references using the Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siegel JS. Materials chemistry: carbon origami. Nature. 2012;486(7403):327-328.
A journal article with 2 authors
Friedrich MW, Finster KW. Geochemistry. How sulfur beats iron. Science. 2014;344(6187):974-975.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kaan HYK, Hackney DD, Kozielski F. The structure of the kinesin-1 motor-tail complex reveals the mechanism of autoinhibition. Science. 2011;333(6044):883-885.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang A-M, Xia T-L, Liu K, Tong W, Yang Z-R, Zhang Q-M. Superconductivity at 44 K in K intercalated FeSe system with excess Fe. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1216.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kramer A, Legeard B. Model-Based Testing Essentials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2016.
An edited book
Nair PKR, Garrity D, eds. Agroforestry - The Future of Global Land Use. Vol 9. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Farnell J, Crookes PI. Trade. In: Irwin Crookes P, ed. The Politics of EU-China Economic Relations: An Uneasy Partnership. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016:69-94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology.

Blog post
Fang J. Vibrating Magnets Help Male Bees Attract Females From Different Subspecies. IFLScience. Published October 26, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP Standards: Army Cancels Restrictive 3-Tier Architecture Standards. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee BK. Tracking of truck flows for drayage efficiency analysis. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum MM, Steel E. After Ailes’s Departure, a Stony Silence at Fox. New York Times. July 28, 2016:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Society of Cytopathology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Soc. Cytopathol.
ISSN (print)2213-2945
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine

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