How to format your references using the Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rahmstorf S. Ocean circulation and climate during the past 120,000 years. Nature. 2002;419(6903):207-214.
A journal article with 2 authors
Casals F, Bertranpetit J. Genetics. Human genetic variation, shared and private. Science. 2012;337(6090):39-40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vukusic P, Sambles JR, Lawrence CR. Colour mixing in wing scales of a butterfly. Nature. 2000;404(6777):457.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Bao H, Sun T, Kohl I, Peng Y. Comment on “Early Archaean microorganisms preferred elemental sulfur, not sulfate.” Science. 2008;319(5868):1336; author reply 1336.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans GM, Furlong JC. Environmental Biotechnology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
Chaovalitwongse W, Furman KC, Pardalos PM, eds. Optimization and Logistics Challenges in the Enterprise. Vol 30. Springer US; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Nakayama K. Novel functions of adhesins encoded by gingipain genes of Porphyromonas gingivalis. In: Watanabe M, Okuno O, Sasaki K, Takahashi N, Suzuki O, Takada H, eds. Interface Oral Health Science 2007: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium for Interface Oral Health Science, Held in Sendai, Japan, Between 18 and 19 February, 2007. Springer Japan; 2007:53-61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology.

Blog post
Andrew D. Using DNA To Unlock The Mysteries Of Cannabis And Reduce The Risk Of Dodgy ‘Medical’ Products. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. FAA Appropriation Issues. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Estrin JL. Sitting in the Fire: An Exploration of Soul-Making in Prison. Published online 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stack L, Schweber N. 2 Shot by Undercover New York City Officer in Westchester. New York Times. August 29, 2015:A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Society of Cytopathology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Soc. Cytopathol.
ISSN (print)2213-2945
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine

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