How to format your references using the Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siegel J. Chemistry. Inventing the nanomolecular wheel. Science. 2005;310(5745):63-64.
A journal article with 2 authors
McCalley CK, Sparks JP. Abiotic gas formation drives nitrogen loss from a desert ecosystem. Science. 2009;326(5954):837-840.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ramer MS, Priestley JV, McMahon SB. Functional regeneration of sensory axons into the adult spinal cord. Nature. 2000;403(6767):312-316.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Janisch C, Wang Y, Ma D, et al. Extraordinary Second Harmonic Generation in tungsten disulfide monolayers. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5530.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hezaveh A. SAS® 9 Study Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
Bouhafs F. Communication Challenges and Solutions in the Smart Grid. (Mackay M, Merabti M, eds.). Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Bronshtein IN, Semendyayev KA, Musiol G, Mühlig H. Linear Algebra. In: Semendyayev KA, Musiol G, Mühlig H, eds. Handbook of Mathematics. Springer; 2015:269-322.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American Society of Cytopathology.

Blog post
Fang J. Octomom Brooded Her Eggs for Record-Breaking Four-and-a-Half Years. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Air Force Aircraft: Preliminary Information on Air Force Tanker Leasing. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McKelvey DM. Relationships between Attitudes of School-Based Administrators and Inclusion Practices of Students with Autism/Asperger’s Syndrome. Doctoral dissertation. University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. Park Service Makes a Pitch To Put a Pier to Work. New York Times. February 2, 2003:147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American Society of Cytopathology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Soc. Cytopathol.
ISSN (print)2213-2945
ScopePathology and Forensic Medicine

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