How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genomic Assay Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genomic Assay Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nowotny, H. (2013). Preserve the European Research Council’s legacy. Nature 504, 189.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bradford, L., and O’Tierney, P. (2001). Three-person rule was not set by Nobel himself. Nature 411, 413.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sreekanth, K. V., De Luca, A., and Strangi, G. (2013). Experimental demonstration of surface and bulk plasmon polaritons in hypergratings. Sci. Rep. 3, 3291.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hwang, E. S., Szabo, S. J., Schwartzberg, P. L., and Glimcher, L. H. (2005). T helper cell fate specified by kinase-mediated interaction of T-bet with GATA-3. Science 307, 430–433.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johnson, D. W., and Woodward, J. L. (2010). Release. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cortellessa, V., and Varró, D. eds. (2013). Fundamental Approaches to Software Engineering: 16th International Conference, FASE 2013, Held as Part of the European Joint Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2013, Rome, Italy, March 16-24, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sabella, D., Caretti, M., Tomaselli, W., Palestini, V., Cendón, B., Valino, J., et al. (2012). “Evaluation of ON-OFF Schemes and Linear Prediction Methods for Increasing Energy Efficiency in Mobile Broadband Networks,” in NETWORKING 2012 Workshops: International IFIP TC 6 Workshops, ETICS, HetsNets, and CompNets, Held at NETWORKING 2012, Prague, Czech Republic, May 25, 2012. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. Z. Becvar, R. Bestak, and L. Kencl (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 27–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genomic Assay Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Explore the Ocean Floor From The Comfort Of Your Own Home. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992). High Risk Series: Guaranteed Student Loans. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maloney, J. L. (2015). Analyzing Students’ Personal Characteristics to Determine Study Outcomes.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2000). Capriati Moves On, Calmly. New York Times, D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nowotny, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bradford and O’Tierney, 2001; Nowotny, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bradford and O’Tierney, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Hwang et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genomic Assay Technology
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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