How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genomic Assay Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genomic Assay Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bilbe, G. (2015). Infectious diseases. Overcoming neglect of kinetoplastid diseases. Science 348, 974–976.
A journal article with 2 authors
Todd, J. J., and Marois, R. (2004). Capacity limit of visual short-term memory in human posterior parietal cortex. Nature 428, 751–754.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, L., Dudin, Y. O., and Kuzmich, A. (2013). Entanglement between light and an optical atomic excitation. Nature 498, 466–469.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gielen, M., Siegler Retchless, B., Mony, L., Johnson, J. W., and Paoletti, P. (2009). Mechanism of differential control of NMDA receptor activity by NR2 subunits. Nature 459, 703–707.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matthews, C. (1998). A Practical Guide to Engineering Failure Investigation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bartz-Beielstein, T., Branke, J., Filipič, B., and Smith, J. eds. (2014). Parallel Problem Solving from Nature – PPSN XIII: 13th International Conference, Ljubljana, Slovenia, September 13-17, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Luches, P., and D’Addato, S. (2016). “Reducible Oxides as Ultrathin Epitaxial Films,” in Oxide Materials at the Two-Dimensional Limit Springer Series in Materials Science., eds. F. P. Netzer and A. Fortunelli (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 119–148.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genomic Assay Technology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Sea Turtles Sense Seasons Through Skylights In Their Skulls. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006). Information Technology: Customs Has Made Progress on Automated Commercial Environment System, but It Faces Long-Standing Management Challenges and New Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Finley, S. (2014). How online communication and social media networking are used in alcohol use treatment.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J. R. (2017). Company for a Winter Journey. New York Times, C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bilbe, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Todd and Marois, 2004; Bilbe, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Todd and Marois, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Gielen et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genomic Assay Technology
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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