How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genomic Assay Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genomic Assay Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rempe, G. (2014). Quantum optics. A photon steers a photon with an atom. Science 345, 871.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hill, A., and Cooke, G. (2014). Medicine. Hepatitis C can be cured globally, but at what cost? Science 345, 141–142.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mojzsis, S. J., Harrison, T. M., and Pidgeon, R. T. (2001). Oxygen-isotope evidence from ancient zircons for liquid water at the Earth’s surface 4,300 Myr ago. Nature 409, 178–181.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rowe, M. A., Kielpinski, D., Meyer, V., Sackett, C. A., Itano, W. M., Monroe, C., et al. (2001). Experimental violation of a Bell’s inequality with efficient detection. Nature 409, 791–794.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schmidt, W. (2000). Optische Spektroskopie. D-69451 Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Shiver, W. (2016). 7 Steps to Sales Force Transformation: Driving Sustainable Change in Your Organization. , ed. M. Perla New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.
A chapter in an edited book
Ferrandiz, T., and Marangozova, V. (2008). “Managing Scheduling and Replication in the LHC Grid,” in Grid Middleware and Services: Challenges and Solutions, eds. R. Yahyapour and W. Ziegler (Boston, MA: Springer US), 65–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genomic Assay Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015). Can You Trust Your Ears? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2016). Cloud Computing: Agencies Need to Incorporate Key Practices to Ensure Effective Performance. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hankins, S. (2010). A policy analysis of the Americans with Disability Act of 1990.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kovaleski, S. F., and Coscarelli, J. (2016). Is Britney Ready to Stand Alone? New York Times, AR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rempe, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hill and Cooke, 2014; Rempe, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hill and Cooke, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Rowe et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genomic Assay Technology
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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