How to format your references using the Frontiers in Genomic Assay Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Genomic Assay Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frierson, D. M. W. (2012). Atmospheric science. Frictional dissipation--blame it on the rain. Science 335, 925–926.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pollard, T. D., and Cooper, J. A. (2009). Actin, a central player in cell shape and movement. Science 326, 1208–1212.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, Y., Ramu, Y., and Lu, Z. (2008). Removal of phospho-head groups of membrane lipids immobilizes voltage sensors of K+ channels. Nature 451, 826–829.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fagarasan, S., Muramatsu, M., Suzuki, K., Nagaoka, H., Hiai, H., and Honjo, T. (2002). Critical roles of activation-induced cytidine deaminase in the homeostasis of gut flora. Science 298, 1424–1427.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lhabitant, F.-S. (2004). Hedge Funds. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Iacovino, L. ed. (2006). Recordkeeping, Ethics and Law: Regulatory Models, Participant Relationships and Rights and Responsibilities in the Online World. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Bergeron, M., and Conklin, D. (2009). “Temporal Patterns in Polyphony,” in Mathematics and Computation in Music: Second International Conference, MCM 2009, John Clough Memorial Conference New Haven, CT, USA, June 19-22, 2009. Proceedings Communications in Computer and Information Science., eds. E. Chew, A. Childs, and C.-H. Chuan (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 32–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Genomic Assay Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Novel Method of Detecting the Earliest Black Holes. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983). The Evaluation Synthesis. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
French, D. C. (2012). A Case against E-Waste: Where One Country’s Trash is (Not) Another Country’s Treasure: Developing National E-Waste Legislation to Regulate E-Waste Exportation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2006). Federal Judges Take Steps To Improve Accountability. New York Times, A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frierson, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Pollard and Cooper, 2009; Frierson, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pollard and Cooper, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Fagarasan et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Genomic Assay Technology
AbbreviationFront. Genet.
ISSN (online)1664-8021
Molecular Medicine

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