How to format your references using the Journal of the American College of Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American College of Radiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Alvarez M. A question of supply and demand. Nature 2007;445:124.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Lu ET, Love SG. Gravitational tractor for towing asteroids. Nature 2005;438:177–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Sobolevsky AI, Rosconi MP, Gouaux E. X-ray structure, symmetry and mechanism of an AMPA-subtype glutamate receptor. Nature 2009;462:745–56.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Müller LSM, Cosentino RO, Förstner KU, Guizetti J, Wedel C, Kaplan N, et al. Genome organization and DNA accessibility control antigenic variation in trypanosomes. Nature 2018;563:121–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Morales G, Kacher C. Short Selling with the O’Neil Disciples. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Pan J-S, Chen S-M, Nguyen NT, editors. Computational Collective Intelligence. Technologies and Applications: Second International Conference, ICCCI 2010, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, November 10-12, 2010, Proceedings, Part II. vol. 6422. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Osipov G, Smirnov I, Tikhomirov I, Sochenkov I, Shelmanov A, Shvets A. Information Retrieval for R&D support. In: Paltoglou G, Loizides F, Hansen P, editors. Professional Search in the Modern World: COST Action IC1002 on Multilingual and Multifaceted Interactive Information Access, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 45–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American College of Radiology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. Cell’s “Self-Eating” Mechanism Stops Cancer From Starting. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/cells-self-eating-mechanism-stops-cancer-starting/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. FAA Budget: Agency Faces Key Management Challenges on Major Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Roberts EM. Whose Books Get Published?: Individual Agency and the Business of Children’s Publishing. Doctoral dissertation. University of Cincinnati, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Karr M. JAN. 15, 2006: Thanks for The Memoirs. New York Times 2010:F15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American College of Radiology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Coll. Radiol.
ISSN (print)1546-1440
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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