How to format your references using the Journal of the American College of Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American College of Radiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gaherty JB. Seismic evidence for hotspot-induced buoyant flow beneath the Reykjanes Ridge. Science 2001;293:1645–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Suarez RK, Jones DR. Obituary: Peter W. Hochachka (1937-2002). Nature 2002;420:140.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karunadasa HI, Chang CJ, Long JR. A molecular molybdenum-oxo catalyst for generating hydrogen from water. Nature 2010;464:1329–33.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Meng Q, Liu J, Varricchio DJ, Huang T, Gao C. Palaeontology: parental care in an ornithischian dinosaur. Nature 2004;431:145–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gregory J. Counterparty Credit Risk and Credit Value Adjustment. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
Cai W. Optical Metamaterials: Fundamentals and Applications. New York, NY: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Djonin DV, Krishnamurthy V. Structural Results on Optimal Transmission Scheduling over Dynamical Fading Channels: A Constrained Markov Decision Process Approach. In: Agrawal P, Fleming PJ, Zhang L, Andrews DM, Yin G, editors. Wireless Communications, New York, NY: Springer; 2007, p. 75–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American College of Radiology.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Sonic Tractor Beams Are Now A Reality. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Vocational Education: Opportunity to Prepare for the Future. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodman RA. Casual factors that contribute to gender bias in career choice among junior high school age females. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tomasky M. A Bad Deal for Democrats. New York Times 2017:A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American College of Radiology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Coll. Radiol.
ISSN (print)1546-1440
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles