How to format your references using the Journal of the American College of Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American College of Radiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Kratter KM. Star formation: Sibling rivalry begins at birth. Nature 2015;518:173–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Stein RS, Toda S. Geophysics. Megacity megaquakes--two near misses. Science 2013;341:850–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Bino A, Ardon M, Shirman E. Formation of a carbon-carbon triple bond by coupling reactions in aqueous solution. Science 2005;308:234–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Shav-Tal Y, Darzacq X, Shenoy SM, Fusco D, Janicki SM, Spector DL, et al. Dynamics of single mRNPs in nuclei of living cells. Science 2004;304:1797–800.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Diver DA. Plasma Formulary for Physics, Astronomy, and Technology. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Koslow A, Buchsbaum A, editors. The Road to Universal Logic: Festschrift for the 50th Birthday of Jean-Yves Béziau Volume II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Walker LEA, Pann JM, Shapiro DL, Van Hasselt VB. A Review of Best Practices for the Treatment of Persons with Mental Illness in Jail. In: Pann JM, Shapiro DL, Van Hasselt VB, editors. Best Practices for the Mentally Ill in the Criminal Justice System, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 57–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American College of Radiology.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Opioid Painkillers May Actually Make You More Sensitive To Pain. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/opioid-painkillers-may-actually-make-you-more-sensitive-pain/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Highway Projects: Survey of State Departments of Transportation (GAO-12-637SP, June 2012), an E-supplement to GAO-12-593. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Carpenter KJ. The Relationship between School Leadership Practices And School Climate. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Burghardt LF. The Dog Wants to Go Out. Subversive Action Is Likely to Follow. New York Times 2006:14LI12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American College of Radiology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Coll. Radiol.
ISSN (print)1546-1440
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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