How to format your references using the Journal of the American College of Radiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the American College of Radiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Killworth PD. Comment on “Oceanic Rossby waves acting as a ‘hay rake’ for ecosystem floating by-products.” Science 2004;304:390; author reply 390.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Gratzer W, Nathan DG. Obituary: Fred S. Rosen (1930-2005). Nature 2005;435:1044.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Falnes PØ, Johansen RF, Seeberg E. AlkB-mediated oxidative demethylation reverses DNA damage in Escherichia coli. Nature 2002;419:178–82.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Miao F, Wijeratne S, Zhang Y, Coskun UC, Bao W, Lau CN. Phase-coherent transport in graphene quantum billiards. Science 2007;317:1530–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Dos Santos EC Jr, Cabral da Silva ER. ADVANCED POWER ELECTRONICS CONVERTERS. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Chmura A. Logical Data Modeling: What it is and How to do it. vol. 5. New York, NY: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
du Plessis J, Saenger I. The Supervisory Board as Company Organ. In: Großfeld B, Luttermann C, Saenger I, Sandrock O, editors. German Corporate Governance in International and European Context, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007, p. 65–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the American College of Radiology.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Solar Plant Achieves Supercritical Steam. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/solar-plant-achieves-supercritical-steam/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Voice of America: Management Actions Needed to Adjust to a Changing Environment. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Ugwu RI. Perceptions of elementary teachers from an urban school district in Southern California regarding their inquiry-based science instructional practices, assessment methods, and professional development. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Marx L. That Gravy Boat Has Sailed. New York Times 2015:ST10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the American College of Radiology
AbbreviationJ. Am. Coll. Radiol.
ISSN (print)1546-1440
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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