How to format your references using the Journal of Population Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Population Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nittler LR (2004) Astronomy. Nuclear fossils in stardust. Science 303:636–637
A journal article with 2 authors
Maslin M, Austin P (2012) Uncertainty: Climate models at their limit? Nature 486:183–184
A journal article with 3 authors
Werner SC, Ody A, Poulet F (2014) The source crater of martian shergottite meteorites. Science 343:1343–1346
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Guo P, Xiao F, Liu Q, et al (2013) One-pot microbial method to synthesize dual-doped graphene and its use as high-performance electrocatalyst. Sci Rep 3:3499

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kunz W (2012) Do Species Exist? Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Ahmed I, Chen Z (david) (eds) (2015) Computational Electromagnetics—Retrospective and Outlook: In Honor of Wolfgang J.R. Hoefer. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Wang JG, Yang J (2016) Targeting Sophisticated Investors—Private Placement Bond. In: Yang J (ed) Financing without Bank Loans: New Alternatives for Funding SMEs in China. Springer, Singapore, pp 37–53

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Population Economics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Pumping CO2 Underground Can Help Fight Climate Change. Why Is It Stuck In Second Gear? In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/pumping-co2-underground-can-help-fight-climate-change-why-it-stuck-second-gear/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1974) Administration of the Office of Education’s Student Financial Aid Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walther RL (2017) Approaches to Stream Restoration: Practices in Missouri and Illinois. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Philadelphia CW, April 28-A single goal scored with their goaltender sprawled on his back ended the Islanders’ season tonight., Special to the New York Times In the type of grind-it-out hockey that was the trademark of the Islanders’ dynasty, et al (1985) FLYERS ELIMINATE ISLANDERS, 1-0, ON SINISALO’S GOAL. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nittler 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Nittler 2004; Maslin and Austin 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maslin and Austin 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Guo et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Population Economics
AbbreviationJ. Popul. Econ.
ISSN (print)0933-1433
ISSN (online)1432-1475
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Demography

Other styles