How to format your references using the Journal of Population Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Population Economics (J Popul Econ). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tanaka KL (2000) PLANETARY SCIENCE: Fountains of Youth. Science 288:2325
A journal article with 2 authors
Reik W, Dean W (2002) Back to the beginning. Nature 420:127
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhurov V, Terzin T, Grbić M (2004) Early blastomere determines embryo proliferation and caste fate in a polyembryonic wasp. Nature 432:764–769
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Inuzuka H, Shaik S, Onoyama I, et al (2011) SCF(FBW7) regulates cellular apoptosis by targeting MCL1 for ubiquitylation and destruction. Nature 471:104–109

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Birke D (2013) Social Networks and their Economics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Romijn J, Smith G, Pol J van de (eds) (2005) Integrated Formal Methods: 5th International Conference, IFM 2005, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, November 29 - December 2, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Kulikowski JL, Przytulska M, Wierzbicka D (2008) Biomedical Structures Representation by Morphological Spectra. In: Pietka E, Kawa J (eds) Information Technologies in Biomedicine. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 57–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Population Economics.

Blog post
Andrews R (2017) Siberia’s “Doorway To The Underworld” Is Very Quickly Getting Bigger. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/siberia-doorway-underworld-quickly-getting-bigger/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Technology Transfer: Administration of the Bayh-Dole Act by Research Universities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blalock JM (2014) The Links at St Andrews, Scotland A phenomenological hermeneutic exploration of golf’s primordial place. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Super Bowl Champion Jets Ignited A Sporting Revival in the Big Town. New York Times SP3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sastry 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Haag 2007; Dajani 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Reik and Dean 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Biswas et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Population Economics
AbbreviationJ. Popul. Econ.
ISSN (print)0933-1433
ISSN (online)1432-1475
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Demography

Other styles