How to format your references using the Journal of Population Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Population Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Showman AP (2014) Astrophysics: Portrait of a dynamic neighbour. Nature 505:625–626
A journal article with 2 authors
Nusbaum MP, Beenhakker MP (2002) A small-systems approach to motor pattern generation. Nature 417:343–350
A journal article with 3 authors
Gambardella A, Prezioso M, Cavallini M (2014) Tunnel conductivity switching in a single nanoparticle-based nano floating gate memory. Sci Rep 4:4196
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tombros N, Jozsa C, Popinciuc M, et al (2007) Electronic spin transport and spin precession in single graphene layers at room temperature. Nature 448:571–574

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krings A, Braham RR (2008) Guide to Tendrillate Climbers of Costa Rican Mountains. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Wartenberg KE, Shukri K, Abdelhak T (eds) (2015) Neurointensive Care: A Clinical Guide to Patient Safety. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Sancha AM, O’Ryan R (2008) Managing Hazardous Pollutants in Chile: Arsenic. In: Whitacre DM (ed) Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology Vol 196. Springer US, New York, NY, pp 123–146

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Population Economics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Don’t Panic About The Pill – It’s Safer Than Driving To Work. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Problems in the Administration of Third-Party Funds under the Vocational Rehabilitation Program in Indiana. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hughes LL (2010) The principalship: Preparation programs and the self-efficacy of principals. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cotter H (2017) A Pooh-Bah Who Painted With Words. New York Times C13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Showman 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Nusbaum and Beenhakker 2002; Showman 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nusbaum and Beenhakker 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Tombros et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Population Economics
AbbreviationJ. Popul. Econ.
ISSN (print)0933-1433
ISSN (online)1432-1475
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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