How to format your references using the Journal of Population Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Population Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blackstock J (2012) Researchers can’t regulate climate engineering alone. Nature 486:159
A journal article with 2 authors
Kirchmaier AL, Rine J (2001) DNA replication-independent silencing in S. cerevisiae. Science 291:646–650
A journal article with 3 authors
Chao BF, Wu YH, Li YS (2008) Impact of artificial reservoir water impoundment on global sea level. Science 320:212–214
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chen S, Ito T, Asahara A, et al (2014) Spectral dynamics of picosecond gain-switched pulses from nitride-based vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers. Sci Rep 4:4325

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kovalev VA (2015) Solutions in Lidar Profiling of the Atmosphere. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Losic D, Santos A (eds) (2015) Nanoporous Alumina: Fabrication, Structure, Properties and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Świtoński A, Piórkowski B, Josiński H, et al (2015) Recognition of Human Gestures Represented by Depth Camera Motion Sequences. In: Barbucha D, Nguyen NT, Batubara J (eds) New Trends in Intelligent Information and Database Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 33–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Population Economics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Coca-Cola Is Funding Controversial Research That Claims Bad Diets Don’t Cause Obesity. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/coca-cola-funds-research-blames-obesity-lack-exercise-and-downplay-role-bad/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Air Traffic Control Modernization: Management Challenges Associated with Program Costs and Schedules Could Hinder NextGen Implementation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Newberry GC (2014) Students’ experiences with simulation education. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Poniewozik J (2017) A Hero’s Journey Is a Real Head Trip. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blackstock 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kirchmaier and Rine 2001; Blackstock 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kirchmaier and Rine 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Population Economics
AbbreviationJ. Popul. Econ.
ISSN (print)0933-1433
ISSN (online)1432-1475
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Demography

Other styles