How to format your references using the Journal of Population Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Population Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bodenschatz E (2015) ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCE. Clouds resolved. Science 350:40–41
A journal article with 2 authors
Rowe C, Healy SD (2011) Evolution. Is bigger always better? Science 333:708–709
A journal article with 3 authors
LaRiviere FJ, Wolfson AD, Uhlenbeck OC (2001) Uniform binding of aminoacyl-tRNAs to elongation factor Tu by thermodynamic compensation. Science 294:165–168
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu G-H, Barkho BZ, Ruiz S, et al (2011) Recapitulation of premature ageing with iPSCs from Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome. Nature 472:221–225

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wittcoff HA, Reuben BG, Plotkin JS (2012) Industrial Organic Chemicals. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Alcaro R, Peterson J, Greco E (eds) (2016) The West and the Global Power Shift: Transatlantic Relations and Global Governance. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London
A chapter in an edited book
Fultz B, Howe J (2013) Scattering. In: Howe J (ed) Transmission Electron Microscopy and Diffractometry of Materials. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 145–180

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Population Economics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Why Do Men Have Nipples? In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/why-do-men-have-nipples/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Air Traffic Control: FAA Needs to Ensure Better Coordination When Approving Air Traffic Control Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Larson SE (2014) A case of rational irrationality: Evidence of expressive interest bias in state e-commerce sales and use tax legislation. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2016) Treasury Dept. Rejects Plan to Cut Benefits for Teamsters. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bodenschatz 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Rowe and Healy 2011; Bodenschatz 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rowe and Healy 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Population Economics
AbbreviationJ. Popul. Econ.
ISSN (print)0933-1433
ISSN (online)1432-1475
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Demography

Other styles