How to format your references using the Journal of Population Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Population Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott RJ (2003) Evolution. Sex, sunflowers, and speciation. Science 301:1189–1190
A journal article with 2 authors
Barkman T, Zhang J (2009) Evidence for escape from adaptive conflict? Nature 462:E1; discussion E2-3
A journal article with 3 authors
Purdy TP, Peterson RW, Regal CA (2013) Observation of radiation pressure shot noise on a macroscopic object. Science 339:801–804
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Mummery-Widmer JL, Yamazaki M, Stoeger T, et al (2009) Genome-wide analysis of Notch signalling in Drosophila by transgenic RNAi. Nature 458:987–992

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pasher E, Ronen T (2011) The Complete Guide to Knowledge Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Świątek J, Borzemski L, Grzech A, Wilimowska Z (eds) (2016) Information Systems Architecture and Technology: Proceedings of 36th International Conference on Information Systems Architecture and Technology – ISAT 2015 – Part III, 1st ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Vulpetti G, Johnson L, Matloff GL (2015) The Solar Sail Option: From the Oceans to Space. In: Johnson L, Matloff GL (eds) Solar Sails: A Novel Approach to Interplanetary Travel. Springer, New York, NY, pp 45–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Population Economics.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) New “Natural Disasters” Report Reveals Billions Of People Worldwide At Risk. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) Classification and Qualification Standards for the GS-1410 Library-Information Service Series. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fang L (2015) Do media help deter financial misreporting? Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K (2008) Growing More Diverse. New York Times NJ11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott 2003; Barkman and Zhang 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barkman and Zhang 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Mummery-Widmer et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Population Economics
AbbreviationJ. Popul. Econ.
ISSN (print)0933-1433
ISSN (online)1432-1475
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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