How to format your references using the Automatica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Automatica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jonas, D. M. (2003). Chemistry. Optical analogs of 2D NMR. Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5625), 1515–1517.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wigler, M., & Mishra, B. (2002). Genetics. Wild by nature. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5572), 1407–1408.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lynch, M., Koskella, B., & Schaack, S. (2006). Mutation pressure and the evolution of organelle genomic architecture. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5768), 1727–1730.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sondermann, P., Huber, R., Oosthuizen, V., & Jacob, U. (2000). The 3.2-A crystal structure of the human IgG1 Fc fragment-Fc gammaRIII complex. Nature, 406(6793), 267–273.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rao, C. L., Narayanamurthy, V., & Simha, K. R. Y. (2016). Applied Impact Mechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Olson, E. A., & Stepp, J. R. (Eds.). (2016). Plants and Health: New Perspectives on the Health-Environment-Plant Nexus. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Somasundaram, J., Howard, P., & Reed, R. H. (2016). Navigating the Scholarship of Integration: Insights from a Maze. In D. Rossi, F. Gacenga, & P. A. Danaher (Eds.), Navigating the Education Research Maze: Contextual, Conceptual, Methodological and Transformational Challenges and Opportunities for Researchers (pp. 79–95). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Automatica.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, March 10). Strange Reptile Fossil Discovered in China. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2013). National Mediation Board: Strengthening Planning and Controls Could Better Facilitate Rail and Air Labor Relations (GAO-14-5). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Woo, C. (2008). Cross-Cultural Encounter and the Novel: Nation, Identity, and Genre in Nineteenth-Century British Literature [Doctoral dissertation]. Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J. C., Jr. (2017, June 21). State Senators Confirm First Openly Gay Judge For New York’s Top Court. New York Times, A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jonas, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Jonas, 2003; Wigler & Mishra, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wigler & Mishra, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Lynch et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sondermann et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleAutomatica
AbbreviationAutomatica (Oxf.)
ISSN (print)0005-1098
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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