How to format your references using the Automatica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Automatica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walters, H. R. J. (2010). Physics. Antimatter atomic physics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6005), 762–763.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ciufolini, I., & Pavlis, E. C. (2004). A confirmation of the general relativistic prediction of the Lense-Thirring effect. Nature, 431(7011), 958–960.
A journal article with 3 authors
Long, S. B., Campbell, E. B., & Mackinnon, R. (2005). Voltage sensor of Kv1.2: structural basis of electromechanical coupling. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5736), 903–908.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Derraik, J. G. B., de Bock, M., Hofman, P. L., & Cutfield, W. S. (2014). Increasing BMI is associated with a progressive reduction in physical quality of life among overweight middle-aged men. Scientific Reports, 4, 3677.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benchaib, A. (2015). Advanced Control of AC/DC Power Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Muneesawang, P., Wu, F., Kumazawa, I., Roeksabutr, A., Liao, M., & Tang, X. (Eds.). (2009). Advances in Multimedia Information Processing - PCM 2009: 10th Pacific Rim Conference on Multimedia, Bangkok, Thailand, December 15-18, 2009 Proceedings (Vol. 5879). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Friedrich, P., & Rossato, J. (2016). Culture for Organizational Learning in Turbulent Environments. In K. North & G. Varvakis (Eds.), Competitive Strategies for Small and Medium Enterprises: Increasing Crisis Resilience, Agility and Innovation in Turbulent Times (pp. 45–76). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Automatica.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, March 19). Streetlamps Go Green. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Commercial Space Launches: FAA Should Update How It Assesses Federal Liability Risk (GAO-12-899). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Scaringe, J. G. (2010). An investigation into the faculty development practices in chiropractic education programs [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Drossman, S. R., Port, E. R., & Sonnenblick, E. B. (2015, October 28). Why the Annual Mammogram Matters. New York Times, A31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Walters, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Ciufolini & Pavlis, 2004; Walters, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ciufolini & Pavlis, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Long et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Derraik et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAutomatica
AbbreviationAutomatica (Oxf.)
ISSN (print)0005-1098
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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