How to format your references using the Automatica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Automatica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heintz, N. (2003). Biomedicine. Ataxin-1 regulators in the spotlight. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5629), 59–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, A. L., & Wand, A. J. (2001). Microscopic origins of entropy, heat capacity and the glass transition in proteins. Nature, 411(6836), 501–504.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cooper, T. F., O’Leary, R. A., & Lough, J. M. (2012). Growth of Western Australian corals in the anthropocene. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6068), 593–596.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rehling, P., Model, K., Brandner, K., Kovermann, P., Sickmann, A., Meyer, H. E., Kühlbrandt, W., Wagner, R., Truscott, K. N., & Pfanner, N. (2003). Protein insertion into the mitochondrial inner membrane by a twin-pore translocase. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5613), 1747–1751.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Keene, A. (2013). Keene on the Market. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Beets, G., Schippers, J., & te Velde, E. R. (Eds.). (2011). The Future of Motherhood in Western Societies: Late Fertility and its Consequences. Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Harrath, N., Monsuez, B., & Barkaoui, K. (2014). A Framework for Verification of SystemC Designs Using SystemC Waiting State Automata. In T. Bouabana-Tebibel & S. H. Rubin (Eds.), Integration of Reusable Systems (pp. 77–104). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Automatica.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, July 6). Keep Your Local Orbit Tidy – Two Techniques For Tackling The Problem Of Space Junk. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Public Transportation: Preliminary Analysis of Changes to and Trends in FTA’s New Starts and Small Starts Programs (GAO-07-812T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cornejo, V. M. (2010). Teachers’ perceptions about promoting mental health in the classroom [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, T. by J. (2016, July 31). Wildlife in Captivity. New York Times, MB8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heintz, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Heintz, 2003; Lee & Wand, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee & Wand, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Cooper et al., 2012)
  • 6 or more authors: (Rehling et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAutomatica
AbbreviationAutomatica (Oxf.)
ISSN (print)0005-1098
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles