How to format your references using the Automatica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Automatica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maddox, B. (2003). The double helix and the “wronged heroine.” Nature, 421(6921), 407–408.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zimbelman, J. R., & Scheidt, S. P. (2012). Hesperian age for western Medusae Fossae Formation, Mars. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6089), 1683.
A journal article with 3 authors
Silbergeld, E., Lerman, S., & Hushka, L. (2004). Ethics. Human health research ethics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5686), 949.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ohmoto, H., Watanabe, Y., Ikemi, H., Poulson, S. R., & Taylor, B. E. (2006). Sulphur isotope evidence for an oxic Archaean atmosphere. Nature, 442(7105), 908–911.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dunnivant, F. M. (2004). Environmental Laboratory Exercises for Instrumental Analysis and Environmental Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Johnson, E. R. (Ed.). (2015). Density Functionals: Thermochemistry (Vol. 365). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lei, Y., Ding, X., & Wang, S. (2006). Adaptive Sparse Vector Tracking Via Online Bayesian Learning. In N. Zheng, X. Jiang, & X. Lan (Eds.), Advances in Machine Vision, Image Processing, and Pattern Analysis: International Workshop on Intelligent Computing in Pattern Analysis/Synthesis, IWICPAS 2006 Xi’an, China, August 26-27, 2006 Proceedings (pp. 35–45). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Automatica.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2017, March 2). Game-Changing Gene Therapy Nullifies Patient’s Sickle Cell Disease. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2002). Surface and Maritime Transportation: Developing Strategies for Enhancing Mobility: A National Challenge (GAO-02-775). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klochko, K. (2009). An empirical re-evaluation of the boron isotope/pH proxy in marine carbonates [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010, March 1). A Manager Who Exceeded His Own Expectations. New York Times, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maddox, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Maddox, 2003; Zimbelman & Scheidt, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zimbelman & Scheidt, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Silbergeld et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ohmoto et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAutomatica
AbbreviationAutomatica (Oxf.)
ISSN (print)0005-1098
ScopeControl and Systems Engineering
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles