How to format your references using the Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vinge V (2000) Win a Nobel prize! Nature 407:679
A journal article with 2 authors
Outten CE, O’Halloran TV (2001) Femtomolar sensitivity of metalloregulatory proteins controlling zinc homeostasis. Science 292:2488–2492
A journal article with 3 authors
Imaizumi T, Kay SA, Schroeder JI (2007) Circadian rhythms. Daily watch on metabolism. Science 318:1730–1731
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Todd JD, Rogers R, Li YG, et al (2007) Structural and regulatory genes required to make the gas dimethyl sulfide in bacteria. Science 315:666–669

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gage LJ (2008) Hand-Rearing Wild and Domestic Mammals. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Devonshire-Ellis C, Jones SL, Ku E (eds) (2012) The Yangtze River Delta: Business Guide to the Shanghai Region, 5th ed. 2012. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Hicks GR (2005) Nuclear Import of Plant Proteins. In: Citovsky V (ed) Nuclear Import and Export in Plants and Animals. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 61–82

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Dinosaurs May Have Been Warm-Blooded After All. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) Railroad Regulation: Competitive Access and Its Effects on Selected Railroads and Shippers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Compagna-Doll VA (2017) Unearthing the Third: The Crone in Depth Psychotherapy. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Norton MB (2012) Woman of the World. New York Times BR14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vinge 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Vinge 2000; Outten and O’Halloran 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Outten and O’Halloran 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Todd et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Police and Criminal Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Police Crim. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0882-0783
ISSN (online)1936-6469
ScopeApplied Psychology
Law

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