How to format your references using the Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bertrand CA (2001) Tech.Sight. Color by number: imaging large data. Science 293:1335–1336
A journal article with 2 authors
Errami M, Garner H (2008) A tale of two citations. Nature 451:397–399
A journal article with 3 authors
Beerling DJ, Osborne CP, Chaloner WG (2001) Evolution of leaf-form in land plants linked to atmospheric CO2 decline in the Late Palaeozoic era. Nature 410:352–354
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ao H, Dekkers MJ, Wei Q, et al (2013) New evidence for early presence of hominids in North China. Sci Rep 3:2403

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Guinot V (2010) Wave Propagation in Fluids. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Baba S, Ono Y (eds) (2006) Interventional Management of Urological Diseases. Springer Japan, Tokyo
A chapter in an edited book
Rémillard B, Hocquard A, Langlois H, Papageorgiou N (2012) Optimal Hedging of American Options in Discrete Time. In: Carmona RA, Del Moral P, Hu P, Oudjane N (eds) Numerical Methods in Finance: Bordeaux, June 2010. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 145–170

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Coffee Before Bed Delays Our Internal Clock. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Protest Against Award of Data Processing and Mailing Contract. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mohajer R (2012) A transcendental approach to John Coltrane: applying concepts of spirituality to Giant Steps into the Cosmos. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2015) Appointee on Pensions. New York Times B5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bertrand 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bertrand 2001; Errami and Garner 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Errami and Garner 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Ao et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Police and Criminal Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Police Crim. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0882-0783
ISSN (online)1936-6469
ScopeApplied Psychology

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