How to format your references using the Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chipman A (2007) A commodity no more. Nature 449:131
A journal article with 2 authors
Tingley MP, Huybers P (2013) Recent temperature extremes at high northern latitudes unprecedented in the past 600 years. Nature 496:201–205
A journal article with 3 authors
Werner SC, Ody A, Poulet F (2014) The source crater of martian shergottite meteorites. Science 343:1343–1346
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gong B, Zhao X, Pan Z, et al (2014) A visible metamaterial fabricated by self-assembly method. Sci Rep 4:4713

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCrary SA (2009) Mastering Financial Accounting Essentials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Seidl C (2013) Tax Progression in OECD Countries: An Integrative Analysis of Tax Schedules and Income Distributions. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Xu L, Lin W, Kuo C-CJ (2015) Metrics Fusion. In: Lin W, Kuo C-CJ (eds) Visual Quality Assessment by Machine Learning. Springer, Singapore, pp 93–122

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) Evidence for a rapid reversal of the geomagnetic field 41,000 years ago. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) Telecommunications: FCC Should Evaluate the Efficiency and Effectiveness of the Lifeline Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alonzo CE (2010) Operation Uniting Families: Family treatment program a grant. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2007) Instant Fortunes, and Sudden Headaches. New York Times C1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chipman 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Chipman 2007; Tingley and Huybers 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tingley and Huybers 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Gong et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Police and Criminal Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Police Crim. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0882-0783
ISSN (online)1936-6469
ScopeApplied Psychology

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