How to format your references using the Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhou M (2013) Materials science. Exceptional properties by design. Science 339:1161–1162
A journal article with 2 authors
Meehl GA, Tebaldi C (2004) More intense, more frequent, and longer lasting heat waves in the 21st century. Science 305:994–997
A journal article with 3 authors
Hurrell JW, Kushnir Y, Visbeck M (2001) Climate. The North Atlantic oscillation. Science 291:603–605
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhao J, Lee SH, Huss M, Holme P (2013) The network organization of cancer-associated protein complexes in human tissues. Sci Rep 3:1583

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Taylor B (2005) Effective Environmental, Health, and Safety Management Using the Team Approach. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lindsay SJ (ed) (2016) Light Metals 2011. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Carr LP, Nanni AJ (2009) Organizational Fitness: Culture and Values. In: Nanni AJ Jr (ed) Delivering Results: Managing What Matters. Springer US, New York, NY, pp 59–72

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2017) Two Teams Have Now Developed Time Crystals. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/physics/two-teams-have-now-developed-time-crystals/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Emergency Communications: Vulnerabilities Remain and Limited Collaboration and Monitoring Hamper Federal Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duffy B (2012) Analytical Methods and Perturbation Theory for the Elliptic Restricted Three-Body Problem of Astrodynamics. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Smith M (2014) A Kansas Town Rallies for a Modest Lifeline: A Local Grocery Store. New York Times A10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zhou 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Meehl and Tebaldi 2004; Zhou 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meehl and Tebaldi 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhao et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Police and Criminal Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Police Crim. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0882-0783
ISSN (online)1936-6469
ScopeApplied Psychology
Law

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