How to format your references using the Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology (J Police Crim Psych). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C (2000) Green light for plans to sell off US helium reserve. Nature 405:496
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang F, Zhou Z (2004) Palaeontology: leg feathers in an Early Cretaceous bird. Nature 431:925
A journal article with 3 authors
Denning DP, Hatch V, Horvitz HR (2012) Programmed elimination of cells by caspase-independent cell extrusion in C. elegans. Nature 488:226–230
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Essers MAG, de Vries-Smits LMM, Barker N, et al (2005) Functional interaction between beta-catenin and FOXO in oxidative stress signaling. Science 308:1181–1184

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Loughran M (2010) Auditing for Dummies®. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Gendler R (2011) Treasures of the Southern Sky. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Hüttmann G, Lankenau E (2008) Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) – An Emerging Technology for Three-Dimensional Imaging of Biological Tissues. In: Artmann GM, Chien S (eds) Bioengineering in Cell and Tissue Research. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 85–102

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) Physicists Observe Particle That Is Also An Antiparticle. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985) “Spaces,” “Faces,” and “Bucks”: An Overview of the Role of Automated Information Systems in Managing the Enlisted Force. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carver A (2017) From under the blanket. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) For Hughes, Gold Medal Never Trumped Family Life. New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willyard 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Carroll 2001; Hambäck 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and Zhou 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Ohno et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Police and Criminal Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Police Crim. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0882-0783
ISSN (online)1936-6469
ScopeApplied Psychology

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