How to format your references using the Social Science Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Social Science Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buckingham, S., 2003. Finding your way. Nature 425, 209.
A journal article with 2 authors
Begun, D.R., Ward, C.V., 2005. Comment on “Pierolapithecus catalaunicus, a new Middle Miocene great ape from Spain.” Science 308, 203; author reply 203.
A journal article with 3 authors
Callier, V., Clack, J.A., Ahlberg, P.E., 2009. Contrasting developmental trajectories in the earliest known tetrapod forelimbs. Science 324, 364–367.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bivona, T.G., Hieronymus, H., Parker, J., Chang, K., Taron, M., Rosell, R., Moonsamy, P., Dahlman, K., Miller, V.A., Costa, C., Hannon, G., Sawyers, C.L., 2011. FAS and NF-κB signalling modulate dependence of lung cancers on mutant EGFR. Nature 471, 523–526.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Coulson, J., 2014. Sustainable Use of Wood in Construction. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Rehm, G., Uszkoreit, H. (Eds.), 2012. The Norwegian Language in the Digital Age: Bokmalsversjon, White Paper Series. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Deng, J., Chen, Z., Nath, R., 2009. Impact of Kilo-Voltage Cone Beam Computed Tomography on Image-Guided Radiotherapy of Prostate Cancer, in: Dössel, O., Schlegel, W.C. (Eds.), World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, September 7 - 12, 2009, Munich, Germany: Vol. 25/1 Radiation Oncology, IFMBE Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 17–20.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Social Science Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. The Pope’s Encyclical On Climate Change – Will Evangelicals Care? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/environment/pope-s-encyclical-climate-change-will-evangelicals-care/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites: Progress Has Been Made, but Improvements Are Needed to Effectively Manage Risks (No. GAO-08-18). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Motala, S., 2009. Siblings caring for elderly parents with dementia (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J., 2017. Kaepernick’s Conscience. New York Times SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buckingham, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Begun and Ward, 2005; Buckingham, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Begun and Ward, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Bivona et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleSocial Science Research
AbbreviationSoc. Sci. Res.
ISSN (print)0049-089X
ScopeEducation
Sociology and Political Science

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