How to format your references using the Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science (JPNSS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sekercioglu, C. H. (2011): Ecology. Functional extinctions of bird pollinators cause plant declines. Science 331, 1019–1020.
A journal article with 2 authors
Froemke, R. C., Dan, Y. (2002): Spike-timing-dependent synaptic modification induced by natural spike trains. Nature 416, 433–438.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moritz, C. T., Perlmutter, S. I., Fetz, E. E. (2008): Direct control of paralysed muscles by cortical neurons. Nature 456, 639–642.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dixon, J. E., Leist, L., Langmuir, C., Schilling, J.-G. (2002): Recycled dehydrated lithosphere observed in plume-influenced mid-ocean-ridge basalt. Nature 420, 385–389.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Radoine, H. (2017): Architecture in Context. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Fairbanks, C. A., J, M. P. D. T. (Eds.) (2014): Neurobiological Studies of Addiction in Chronic Pain States. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Naude, W. (2010): Forced Migration from Sub-Saharan Africa: The Conflict–Environment Link, in: Afifi, T., Jäger, J. (eds.): Environment, Forced Migration and Social Vulnerability. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 43–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017): This Fully-Automated Medical Machine Can Perform Surgery 50X Faster Than Surgeons [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008): No Child Left Behind Act: Education Actions Could Improve the Targeting of School Improvement Funds to Schools Most in Need of Assistance ( No. GAO-08-380). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shlapak, A. (2013): Mental health of foster youth in Ventura County. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mallozzi, V. M. (2017): She’s 98. He’s 94. They Met at the Gym. New York Times ST10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sekercioglu, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Froemke and Dan, 2002; Sekercioglu, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Froemke and Dan, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Dixon et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science
AbbreviationJ. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci.
ISSN (print)1436-8730
ISSN (online)1522-2624
ScopeSoil Science
Plant Science

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