How to format your references using the Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science (JPNSS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hemley, R. J. (2000): The element of uncertainty. Nature 404, 240–241.
A journal article with 2 authors
Alexandrakis, G., Poulos, S. Ε. (2014): An holistic approach to beach erosion vulnerability assessment. Sci. Rep. 4, 6078.
A journal article with 3 authors
Glasauer, S., Langley, S., Beveridge, T. J. (2002): Intracellular iron minerals in a dissimilatory iron-reducing bacterium. Science 295, 117–119.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Richardson, A. D., Hufkens, K., Milliman, T., Aubrecht, D. M., Furze, M. E., Seyednasrollah, B., Krassovski, M. B., Latimer, J. M., Nettles, W. R., Heiderman, R. R., Warren, J. M., Hanson, P. J. (2018): Ecosystem warming extends vegetation activity but heightens vulnerability to cold temperatures. Nature 560, 368–371.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ham, B. M. (2011): Proteomics of Biological Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Maino, G., Foresti, G. L. (Eds.) (2011): Image Analysis and Processing – ICIAP 2011: 16th International Conference, Ravenna, Italy, September 14-16, 2011, Proceedings, Part II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kainen, P. C., Kůrková, V., Sanguineti, M. (2013): Approximating Multivariable Functions by Feedforward Neural Nets, in: Bianchini, M., Maggini, M., Jain, L. C. (eds.): Handbook on Neural Information Processing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 143–181.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014): Neurons In Your Skin Do Math [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978): Review of NASA’s Solicitation for the Leasing of Office Space in the Houston, Texas, Area ( No. LCD-78-325). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Webb, C. T. (2009): “The mirroring that binds into freedom”: Stevens, Jeffers, Heidegger and the inhuman. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tierney, J. (2016): The Perfect Gift? It’s the One They Asked For. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science
AbbreviationJ. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci.
ISSN (print)1436-8730
ISSN (online)1522-2624
ScopeSoil Science
Plant Science

Other styles