How to format your references using the Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science (JPNSS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Markov, I. L. (2014): Limits on fundamental limits to computation. Nature 512, 147–154.
A journal article with 2 authors
Herlihy, C. R., Eckert, C. G. (2002): Genetic cost of reproductive assurance in a self-fertilizing plant. Nature 416, 320–323.
A journal article with 3 authors
Maeda, H., Norum, D. V. L., Gallagher, T. F. (2005): Microwave manipulation of an atomic electron in a classical orbit. Science 307, 1757–1760.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kosynkin, D. V., Higginbotham, A. L., Sinitskii, A., Lomeda, J. R., Dimiev, A., Price, B. K., Tour, J. M. (2009): Longitudinal unzipping of carbon nanotubes to form graphene nanoribbons. Nature 458, 872–876.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Karmakar, N. C., Kalansuriya, P., Azim, R. E., Koswatta, R. (2016): Chipless Radio Frequency Identification Reader Signal Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Leuven, R. S. E. W., Ragas, A. M. J., Smits, A. J. M., Velde, G. van der (Eds.) (2006): Living Rivers: Trends and Challenges in Science and Management. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Symonds, J. (2011): Stooping to Pick Up Stones: A Reflection on Urban Archaeology, in: Beaudry, M. C., Symonds, J. (eds.): Interpreting the Early Modern World: Transatlantic Perspectives. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 63–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014): Alpha Meerkats Can Benefit From Killing Their Grandpups [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005): Health Care: Continued Leadership Needed to Define and Implement Information Technology Standards ( No. GAO-05-1054T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nomberg, R. I. (2009): Understanding interest group strategies: A case study of civic leaders collaborating with local government. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017): David Lynch: The Art Life. New York Times C10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science
AbbreviationJ. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci.
ISSN (print)1436-8730
ISSN (online)1522-2624
ScopeSoil Science
Plant Science

Other styles