How to format your references using the Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science (JPNSS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marino, J. (2014): On the road again. Science 344, 1194.
A journal article with 2 authors
Armitage, A. E., Drakesmith, H. (2014): Genetics. The battle for iron. Science 346, 1299–1300.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kuwamura, T., Kadota, T., Suzuki, S. (2014): Testing the low-density hypothesis for reversed sex change in polygynous fish: experiments in Labroides dimidiatus. Sci. Rep. 4, 4369.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, P. M., Lu, L. J., Xia, Y., Gerstein, M. B. (2006): Relating three-dimensional structures to protein networks provides evolutionary insights. Science 314, 1938–1941.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barton, L. L., Northup, D. E. (2011): Microbial Ecology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ammari, H. M. (Ed.) (2014): The Art of Wireless Sensor Networks: Volume 2: Advanced Topics and Applications. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ugalde, A., Homedes, N. (2014): The Regulatory Framework and Case Studies from Argentina, in: Homedes, N., Ugalde, A. (eds.): Clinical Trials in Latin America: Where Ethics and Business Clash. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 79–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016): MDMA Levels In Ecstasy Tablets Are Now Higher Than Ever [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1979): Comments on Report Entitled “The Federal Program To Strengthen Developing Institutions of Higher Education Lacks Direction” ( No. 110837). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang, N. (2015): Computational Studies on Biomolecular Diffusion and Electrostatics. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W., Zezima, K. (2011): Small City, Big Debt Problems. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marino, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Armitage and Drakesmith, 2014; Marino, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Armitage and Drakesmith, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science
AbbreviationJ. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci.
ISSN (print)1436-8730
ISSN (online)1522-2624
ScopeSoil Science
Plant Science

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