How to format your references using the Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science (JPNSS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chong, Y. (2013): Optical devices: photonic insulators with a twist. Nature 496, 173–174.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stechmann, A., Cavalier-Smith, T. (2002): Rooting the eukaryote tree by using a derived gene fusion. Science 297, 89–91.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bloss, T. A., Witze, E. S., Rothman, J. H. (2003): Suppression of CED-3-independent apoptosis by mitochondrial betaNAC in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature 424, 1066–1071.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Titov, D. V., Taylor, F. W., Svedhem, H., Ignatiev, N. I., Markiewicz, W. J., Piccioni, G., Drossart, P. (2008): Atmospheric structure and dynamics as the cause of ultraviolet markings in the clouds of Venus. Nature 456, 620–623.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Massad, J. J., Cagna, D. R., Goodacre, C. J., Wicks, R. A., Ahuja, S. A. (2017): Application of the Neutral Zone in Prosthodontics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Oonk, H. A. J. (2008): Equilibrium Between Phases of Matter: Phenomenology and Thermodynamics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Marin, J.-M., Robert, C. P. (2014): Capture–Recapture Experiments, in: Robert, C. P. (ed.): Bayesian Essentials with R. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 139–171.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014): Amazing 3D Fractals Inspired By Faberge Eggs [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1994): [Comments on FAA Employee’s Claim for Real Estate Expenses] ( No. B-252405.2). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sonn, A. C. (2009): Institutions’ needs and donors’ dreams: A case study of successful student affairs fundraising collaboration at three private research universities. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1994): The Puck Glides at Night In Amateur Hockey League. New York Times 150.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chong, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Chong, 2013; Stechmann and Cavalier-Smith, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stechmann and Cavalier-Smith, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Titov et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science
AbbreviationJ. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci.
ISSN (print)1436-8730
ISSN (online)1522-2624
ScopeSoil Science
Plant Science

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