How to format your references using the Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science (JPNSS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2004): Welcome competition. Nature 432, 783.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hofmann, H. A., Stevenson, P. A. (2000): Flight restores fight in crickets. Nature 403, 613.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tateishi-Karimata, H., Nakano, M., Sugimoto, N. (2014): Comparable stability of Hoogsteen and Watson-Crick base pairs in ionic liquid choline dihydrogen phosphate. Sci. Rep. 4, 3593.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jacobs, G. H., Williams, G. A., Cahill, H., Nathans, J. (2007): Emergence of novel color vision in mice engineered to express a human cone photopigment. Science 315, 1723–1725.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lev, B., Gu, F. (2016): The End of Accounting and the Path Forward for Investors and Managers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Berkovsky, S., Freyne, J. (Eds.) (2013): Persuasive Technology: 8th International Conference, PERSUASIVE 2013, Sydney, NSW, Australia, April 3-5, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Shi, W., Huang, L. Y., Wang, R. Z., Sun, J. J., Wang, F. R., Liu, C. X., Zhou, L., Zhang, J. H. (2008): Time course of oxyhemoglobin induces apoptosis in mice brain cells in vivo, in: Kırış, T., Zhang, John H. (eds.): Cerebral Vasospasm: New Strategies in Research and Treatment. Springer, Vienna, pp. 23–26.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016): What You See In Your Peripheral Vision Is Basically An Optical Illusion [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014): Commercial Aviation: Status of Air Service to Small Communities and the Federal Programs Involved ( No. GAO-14-454T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yackel, R. J. (2010): Recruitment and retention of nurses in long -term care within the Florida Department of Veterans’ Affairs. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017): Pro Football; Jets Fire Five Assistants, and a Sixth Retires. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science
AbbreviationJ. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci.
ISSN (print)1436-8730
ISSN (online)1522-2624
ScopeSoil Science
Plant Science

Other styles