How to format your references using the American Journal of Industrial Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Industrial Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grenier IA. Gamma-ray astronomy. A needle in a cosmic haystack. Nature. 2000;404(6776):344-345.
A journal article with 2 authors
Duman RS, Aghajanian GK. Synaptic dysfunction in depression: potential therapeutic targets. Science. 2012;338(6103):68-72.
A journal article with 3 authors
Armbrecht I, Perfecto I, Vandermeer J. Enigmatic biodiversity correlations: ant diversity responds to diverse resources. Science. 2004;304(5668):284-286.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Molinier J, Ries G, Zipfel C, Hohn B. Transgeneration memory of stress in plants. Nature. 2006;442(7106):1046-1049.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang L, Tan KC. Modern Industrial Automation Software Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Luk¿ A. Quantum Aspects of Light Propagation. (Perinová V, ed.). Springer US; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Hiddink GA, Termorshuizen AJ, van Bruggen AHC. Mixed Cropping and Suppression of Soilborne Diseases. In: Lichtfouse E, ed. Genetic Engineering, Biofertilisation, Soil Quality and Organic Farming. Sustainable Agriculture Reviews. Springer Netherlands; 2010:119-146.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Industrial Medicine.

Blog post
Fang J. Baby Sloth Delivered Via C-Section For the First Time. IFLScience. Published October 15, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation Security: Status of GAO Recommendations on TSA’s Security-Related Technology Acquisitions. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bennett CA. The Stigma of Mental Illness as Experienced by Mental Health Professionals as Patients: A Phenomenological Study. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff J, Rosenberg M. China’s Intelligent Weaponry Gets Smarter. New York Times. February 3, 2017:BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
ISSN (print)0271-3586
ISSN (online)1097-0274

Other styles