How to format your references using the American Journal of Industrial Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Industrial Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. The secrets of success. Nature. 2004;432(7014):253.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Krishnamurthy H, Gouaux E. X-ray structures of LeuT in substrate-free outward-open and apo inward-open states. Nature. 2012;481(7382):469-474.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bosmans F, Martin-Eauclaire M-F, Swartz KJ. Deconstructing voltage sensor function and pharmacology in sodium channels. Nature. 2008;456(7219):202-208.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Környei Z, Beke S, Mihálffy T, et al. Cell sorting in a Petri dish controlled by computer vision. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1088.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Beach GJ. The U.S. Technology Skills Gap. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Kirchhof B, Wong D, eds. Vitreo-Retinal Surgery. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Gautschi H, Gautschi D. How Did We Get to Here? The Role of the State in Fostering Context. In: Gautschi D, ed. Technological Innovation and Economic Transformation: A Method for Contextual Analysis. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016:77-119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Industrial Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Creepy And Fascinating Video Of A Black Widow Spider Molting. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/creepy-and-fascinating-video-black-window-spider-molting/. Published October 22, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Fund Accountability: Procedures Used for Selected Benefit/Mandatory Spending Programs Are Adequate. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Panjabi C. Real and imagined immigrant identities in the public sphere: Representations of South Asian women in literary and television media. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G. Clouds Part Long Enough For a Memorable Ride. New York Times. May 2, 2010:SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,1.
This sentence cites four references 1,1,1,1.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
ISSN (print)0271-3586
ISSN (online)1097-0274
Scope

Other styles