How to format your references using the American Journal of Industrial Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Industrial Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dominissini D. Genomics and Proteomics. Roadmap to the epitranscriptome. Science. 2014;346(6214):1192.
A journal article with 2 authors
Robert F, Chaussidon M. A palaeotemperature curve for the Precambrian oceans based on silicon isotopes in cherts. Nature. 2006;443(7114):969-972.
A journal article with 3 authors
Parkinson GN, Lee MPH, Neidle S. Crystal structure of parallel quadruplexes from human telomeric DNA. Nature. 2002;417(6891):876-880.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fedoriw AM, Stein P, Svoboda P, Schultz RM, Bartolomei MS. Transgenic RNAi reveals essential function for CTCF in H19 gene imprinting. Science. 2004;303(5655):238-240.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kim DM. Introductory Quantum Mechanics for Applied Nanotechnology. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2015.
An edited book
Anderson JG, Aydin CE, eds. Evaluating the Organizational Impact of Healthcare Information Systems. Second Edition. New York, NY: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Kurematsu M, Hakura J, Fujita H. A Framework for a Decision Tree Learning Algorithm with K-NN. In: Fujita H, Selamat A, eds. Intelligent Software Methodologies, Tools and Techniques: 13th International Conference, SoMeT 2014, Langkawi, Malaysia, September 22-24, 2014. Revised Selected Papers. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:39-51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Industrial Medicine.

Blog post
Carpineti A. New Method Helps Astronomers Directly Image Exoplanets Around Distant Stars. IFLScience. Published October 6, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Intellectual Property: Agencies Progress in Implementing Recent Legislation, but Enhancements Could Improve Future Plans. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tan-atichat TP. Behavior of VNC in high-latency environments and techniques for improvement. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. A Closet Is the Highest Form of Flattery. New York Times. February 6, 2014:E8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
ISSN (print)0271-3586
ISSN (online)1097-0274

Other styles