How to format your references using the American Journal of Industrial Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Industrial Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Portman ME. You’ll be OK. Science. 2015;348(6240):1282.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morone F, Makse HA. Influence maximization in complex networks through optimal percolation. Nature. 2015;524(7563):65-68.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roychowdhury T, Vishnoi A, Bhattacharya A. Next-Generation Anchor Based Phylogeny (NexABP): constructing phylogeny from next-generation sequencing data. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2634.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Meuel T, Xiong YL, Fischer P, Bruneau CH, Bessafi M, Kellay H. Intensity of vortices: from soap bubbles to hurricanes. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3455.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reiman J. As Free and as Just as Possible. Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
Jacob C, Pilat ML, Bentley PJ, Timmis JI, eds. Artificial Immune Systems: 4th International Conference, ICARIS 2005, Banff, Alberta, Canada, August 14-17, 2005. Proceedings. Vol 3627. Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Allen MS, Kammer DC. Simple Experiments to Validate Modal Substructure Models. In: Mayes R, Rixen D, Griffith DT, et al., eds. Topics in Experimental Dynamics Substructuring and Wind Turbine Dynamics, Volume 2: Proceedings of the 30th IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2012. Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series. Springer; 2012:45-50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Industrial Medicine.

Blog post
Luntz S. The Oldest Known Living Organisms In The World. IFLScience. Published July 27, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Concerns Regarding the Structure and FCC’s Management of the E-Rate Program. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carrillo J. Parenting education curriculum for single adolescent mothers in foster care. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. As Storm Exits, Paths Lead to Open. New York Times. August 30, 2011:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
ISSN (print)0271-3586
ISSN (online)1097-0274

Other styles