How to format your references using the Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gaffan D. Neuroscience. Widespread cortical networks underlie memory and attention. Science. 2005;309(5744):2172–2173.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Polyak VJ, Asmerom Y. Late Holocene climate and cultural changes in the southwestern United States. Science. 2001;294(5540):148–151.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Xiong Q, Mukherjee S, Furey TS. GSAASeqSP: a toolset for gene set association analysis of RNA-Seq data. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6347.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. Schweitzer MH, Suo Z, Avci R, Asara JM, Allen MA, Arce FT, Horner JR. Analyses of soft tissue from Tyrannosaurus rex suggest the presence of protein. Science. 2007;316(5822):277–280.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Held G. Virtual Private Networking. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1. Korthals M (ed.). Genomics, Obesity and the Struggle over Responsibilities. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. XV, 240 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Nilsson NC, Serafin S, Nordahl R. Walking in Place Through Virtual Worlds. In: Kurosu M (ed.). Human-Computer Interaction Interaction Platforms and Techniques: 18th International Conference, HCI International 2016, Toronto, ON, Canada, July 17-22, 2016 Proceedings, Part II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 37–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Syphilis Sailed The Ocean Blue: Why A Bent Femur Won’t Overturn Columbus Theory [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/syphilis-sailed-ocean-blue-why-bent-femur-won-t-overturn-columbus-theory/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. DOD Dependents Schools: Cost Issues Associated With the Special Education Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996 May. Report No.: HEHS-96-77.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Chung J. Understanding caregiving for older adults with dementia in Korean American families [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Juventus, Tainted by a Scandal, Tries to Regain Its Luster. New York Times. 2011;B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 2,4,7,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine
AbbreviationJ. Zoo Wildl. Med.
ISSN (print)1042-7260
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
General Medicine
General Veterinary

Other styles