How to format your references using the Journal of Plant Interactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Plant Interactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain C. 2001. Science in a changed world. Nature. 414:836–837.
A journal article with 2 authors
Long L, Ye H. 2014. How to be smart and energy efficient: a general discussion on thermochromic windows. Sci Rep. 4:6427.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lane M, Robker RL, Robertson SA. 2014. Parenting from before conception. Science. 345:756–760.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Su D, Xie X, Munroe P, Dou S, Wang G. 2014. Mesoporous hexagonal Co3O4 for high performance lithium ion batteries. Sci Rep. 4:6519.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Castillo E, Cobo A, Jubete F, Pruneda RE. 1999. Orthogonal Sets and Polar Methods in Linear Algebra. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Mathew J, Ma L, Tan A, Weijnen M, Lee J, editors. 2012. Engineering Asset Management and Infrastructure Sustainability: Proceedings of the 5th World Congress on Engineering Asset Management (WCEAM 2010). London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nguyen T, Phung D, Adams B, Venkatesh S. 2012. Emotional Reactions to Real-World Events in Social Networks. In: Cao L, Huang JZ, Bailey J, Koh YS, Luo J, editors. New Frontiers in Applied Data Mining: PAKDD 2011 International Workshops, Shenzhen, China, May 24-27, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 53–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Plant Interactions.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2017. Earliest Observations Ever Made Of A Supernova Explosion. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Proprietary Schools: Poorer Student Outcomes at Schools That Rely More on Federal Student Aid. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Seesengood BN. 2014. Analysis of the Repairability of Resin Modified Glass Ionomer Cement [Doctoral dissertation]. Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. 2017. Film Series. New York Times.:C18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain 2001; Long & Ye 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Long & Ye 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Su et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Plant Interactions
AbbreviationJ. Plant Interact.
ISSN (print)1742-9145
ISSN (online)1742-9153
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles