How to format your references using the Journal of Plant Interactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Plant Interactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blaaderen A van. 2003. Chemistry. Colloidal molecules and beyond. Science. 301(5632):470–471.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hemingway J, Craig A. 2004. Parasitology. New ways to control malaria. Science. 303(5666):1984–1985.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lee YK, Lee H, Park JY. 2014. Tandem-structured, hot electron based photovoltaic cell with double Schottky barriers. Sci Rep. 4:4580.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Forouhar AS, Liebling M, Hickerson A, Nasiraei-Moghaddam A, Tsai H-J, Hove JR, Fraser SE, Dickinson ME, Gharib M. 2006. The embryonic vertebrate heart tube is a dynamic suction pump. Science. 312(5774):751–753.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Norwitz ER, Belfort MA, Saade GR, Miller H. 2010. Obstetric Clinical Algorithms: Management and Evidence. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Mathieson C, editor. 2016. Sea Narratives: Cultural Responses to the Sea, 1600–Present. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Tarantino U, Resmini G. 2011. Diagnosi. In: Resmini G, editor. La gestione delle fratture da fragilità ossea: Raccomandazioni per chirurghi ortopedici. Milano: Springer; p. 9–17.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Plant Interactions.

Blog post
Taub B. 2016. Relatives Of Schizophrenics Share Some Of Their Brain Abnormalities – So Why Don’t They Suffer From The Condition? IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1980. Review of the Battlefield Exploitation and Target Acquisition System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heckman KA. 2010. Pedogenesis & carbon dynamics across a lithosequence under ponderosa pine [Doctoral dissertation]. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon MR, Schmitt E. 2017. U.S. Sends Civilians to Stabilize Recaptured Syrian Areas. New York Times.:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blaaderen 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Blaaderen 2003; Hemingway & Craig 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hemingway & Craig 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Forouhar et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Plant Interactions
AbbreviationJ. Plant Interact.
ISSN (print)1742-9145
ISSN (online)1742-9153
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Plant Science

Other styles