How to format your references using the Environmental Earth Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Earth Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Metcalfe DB (2014) Climate science: A sink down under. Nature 509:566–567
A journal article with 2 authors
Gong F, Yanofsky C (2002) Instruction of translating ribosome by nascent peptide. Science 297:1864–1867
A journal article with 3 authors
Gilbert IR, Jarvis PG, Smith H (2001) Proximity signal and shade avoidance differences between early and late successional trees. Nature 411:792–795
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Xu X, Clark JM, Forster CA, et al (2006) A basal tyrannosauroid dinosaur from the Late Jurassic of China. Nature 439:715–718

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prud’homme R (2012) Flows and Chemical Reactions. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Khokhlov AR (ed) (2006) Conformation-Dependent Design of Sequences in Copolymers II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Goff T, Greenwald A, Hilliard E, et al (2013) JACK: A Java Auction Configuration Kit. In: David E, Kiekintveld C, Robu V, et al. (eds) Agent-Mediated Electronic Commerce. Designing Trading Strategies and Mechanisms for Electronic Markets: AMEC and TADA 2012, Valencia, Spain, June 4th, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 45–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Earth Sciences.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Watch What Happens When You Shoot Potassium Bullets Into Water. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/what-happens-when-you-shoot-liquid-metal-bullets-water/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014) Federal Student Loans: Better Oversight Could Improve Defaulted Loan Rehabilitation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Van Name J (2013) Boolean Partition Algebras. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S (2002) For Pfluger, a Career of Achievement. New York Times D4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Metcalfe 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gong and Yanofsky 2002; Metcalfe 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gong and Yanofsky 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Xu et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Earth Sciences
AbbreviationEnviron. Earth Sci.
ISSN (print)1866-6280
ISSN (online)1866-6299
ScopeSoil Science
Earth-Surface Processes
Geology
Environmental Chemistry
Global and Planetary Change
Pollution
Water Science and Technology

Other styles