How to format your references using the Meteorological Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Meteorological Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sykes MV. 2008. Planetary science. The planet debate continues. Science 319:1765.
A journal article with 2 authors
Parker JL., Newstead S. 2014. Molecular basis of nitrate uptake by the plant nitrate transporter NRT1.1. Nature 507:68–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dong J., Yang G., McHaourab HS. 2005. Structural basis of energy transduction in the transport cycle of MsbA. Science 308:1023–1028.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ledwell JR., Montgomery ET., Polzin KL., St. Laurent LC., Schmitt RW., Toole JM. 2000. Evidence for enhanced mixing over rough topography in the abyssal ocean. Nature 403:179–182.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Canham J., Bennett J. 2008. Mentorship in Community Nursing: Challenges and Opportunities. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd.
An edited book
Bernardo M., Johnsen EB. (eds.) 2015. Formal Methods for Multicore Programming: 15th International School on Formal Methods for the Design of Computer, Communication, and Software Systems, SFM 2015, Bertinoro, Italy, June 15-19, 2015, Advanced Lectures. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Rhee HS., Jeong IR., Byun JW., Lee DH. 2006. Difference Set Attacks on Conjunctive Keyword Search Schemes. In: Jonker W, Petković M eds. Secure Data Management: Third VLDB Workshop, SDM 2006, Seoul, Korea, September 10-11, 2006. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 64–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Meteorological Applications.

Blog post
Fang J. 2014.Bizarre 505-Million-Year-Old Spiky Worm Has Living Descendants. Available at (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1982. Discontinuance of Social Security Student Benefits. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cusick JA. 2012. Does size really matter? How synchrony and size affect the dynamic of aggression between two sympatric species of dolphin in the Bahamas. Doctoral dissertation Thesis. Boca Raton, FL: Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara S. 2015. A Master of Metallurgy. New York Times:WE10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sykes, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Sykes, 2008; Parker & Newstead, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Parker & Newstead, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Ledwell et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleMeteorological Applications
AbbreviationMeteorol. Appl.
ISSN (print)1350-4827
ISSN (online)1469-8080
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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