How to format your references using the Meteorological Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Meteorological Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buckingham S. 2004. Bioinformatics: data’s future shock. Nature 428:774–777.
A journal article with 2 authors
Head JJ., Polly PD. 2015. Evolution of the snake body form reveals homoplasy in amniote Hox gene function. Nature 520:86–89.
A journal article with 3 authors
Traag VA., Krings G., Van Dooren P. 2013. Significant scales in community structure. Sci. Rep. 3:2930.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mandal L., Martinez-Agosto JA., Evans CJ., Hartenstein V., Banerjee U. 2007. A Hedgehog- and Antennapedia-dependent niche maintains Drosophila haematopoietic precursors. Nature 446:320–324.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morley D. 2017. Communications and Mobility. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Pflug GC. 2014. Multistage Stochastic Optimization. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Safa M., Watts M. 2014. Energy Inputs In Pest Control Using Pesticides In New Zealand. In: Pimentel D, Peshin R eds. Integrated Pest Management: Pesticide Problems, Vol.3. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 99–126.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Meteorological Applications.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2016.The Seafloor Has Its Own “Bees” Too. Available at (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1992. Education’s Library: Actions Needed to Improve Usefulness. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Monk KJ. 2014. Effects of distractors and force feedback on an aimed movement task in a CDTI environment. Doctoral dissertation Thesis. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. 1999. Secrecy Mounting As the Cup Draws Near. New York Times:814.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buckingham, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Buckingham, 2004; Head & Polly, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Head & Polly, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Mandal et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleMeteorological Applications
AbbreviationMeteorol. Appl.
ISSN (print)1350-4827
ISSN (online)1469-8080
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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