How to format your references using the Meteorological Applications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Meteorological Applications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grinnell F. 2013. It is time to update US biomedical funding. Nature 501:137.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schulze-Lefert P., Bieri S. 2005. Plant sciences. Recognition at a distance. Science 308:506–508.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schubert G., Russell CT., Moore WB. 2000. Timing of the Martian dynamo. Nature 408:666–667.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jonsson E., Troll VR., Högdahl K., Harris C., Weis F., Nilsson KP., Skelton A. 2013. Magmatic origin of giant “Kiruna-type” apatite-iron-oxide ores in central Sweden. Sci. Rep. 3:1644.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ishiyama JT. 2011. Comparative Politics. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Debruyne C., Panetto H., Meersman R., Dillon T., Kühn E., O’Sullivan D., Ardagna CA. (eds.) 2016. On the Move to Meaningful Internet Systems: OTM 2016 Conferences: Confederated International Conferences: CoopIS, C&TC, and ODBASE 2016, Rhodes, Greece, October 24-28, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Matta A., Runchina M., Tolio T. 2006. Automated flow lines with shared buffer. In: Liberopoulos G, Papadopoulos CT, Tan B, Smith JM, Gershwin SB eds. Stochastic Modeling of Manufacturing Systems: Advances in Design, Performance Evaluation, and Control Issues. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 99–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Meteorological Applications.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2013.Second Set of Vocal Cords Discovered in Koalas. Available at (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. Managing Technology: Best Practices Can Improve Performance and Produce Results. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gajewski TJ. 2014. Exploring leadership styles from a mediator’s perspective: A phenomenological study examining four specific organizational leadership styles and their relationship to four mediation styles as summarized by Leonard L. Riskin. Doctoral dissertation Thesis. Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barker K. 2015. Choice for Addicts: Use Again, or Lose Home. New York Times:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grinnell, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Schulze-Lefert & Bieri, 2005; Grinnell, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schulze-Lefert & Bieri, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Jonsson et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleMeteorological Applications
AbbreviationMeteorol. Appl.
ISSN (print)1350-4827
ISSN (online)1469-8080
ScopeAtmospheric Science

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