How to format your references using the Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Diamond J (2016) Archaeology: Sources of Chaco wood. Nature 529:31–33
A journal article with 2 authors
Anderson CA, Bushman BJ (2002) Psychology. The effects of media violence on society. Science 295:2377–2379
A journal article with 3 authors
Culler SJ, Hoff KG, Smolke CD (2010) Reprogramming cellular behavior with RNA controllers responsive to endogenous proteins. Science 330:1251–1255
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Estes JA, Terborgh J, Brashares JS, et al (2011) Trophic downgrading of planet Earth. Science 333:301–306

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bolstad WM (2009) Understanding Computational Bayesian Statistics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Jensen K, Aalst WMP van der, Billington J (2008) Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Stanilov K (2007) The restructuring of non-residential uses in the post-socialist metropolis. In: Stanilov K (ed) The Post-Socialist City: Urban Form and Space Transformations in Central and Eastern Europe after Socialism. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 73–99

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry.

Blog post
Luntz S (2014) What Drives The Appearance Of New Species? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004) Telecommunications: Subscriber Rates and Competition in the Cable Television Industry. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Poyaoan-Linzaga MR (2014) The effects of patient communication in early intervention for falls among the Medicare patients. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K (2003) Dreading the Thin Envelope. New York Times 145

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physiology and Biochemistry
AbbreviationJ. Physiol. Biochem.
ISSN (print)1138-7548
ISSN (online)1877-8755
General Medicine

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