How to format your references using the Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stone R (2000) EASTERN EUROPE: Serbian University Law Causes Turmoil. Science 290:691
A journal article with 2 authors
Lease RO, Ehlers TA (2013) Incision into the eastern Andean Plateau during Pliocene cooling. Science 341:774–776
A journal article with 3 authors
Feldon DF, Maher MA, Timmerman BE (2010) Graduate education. Performance-based data in the study of STEM Ph.D. education. Science 329:282–283
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Cao D, Yang L, Liu L, et al (2014) A comparison of nifedipine and tamsulosin as medical expulsive therapy for the management of lower ureteral stones without ESWL. Sci Rep 4:5254

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vallin RW (2013) The Elements of Cantor Sets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Qin Y (2012) Global Well-posedness of Nonlinear Parabolic-Hyperbolic Coupled Systems. Springer, Basel
A chapter in an edited book
Kulipanova GN, Ancharov AI, Antokhin EI, et al (2007) STATUS AND HIGHLIGHTS OF SIBERIAN SYNCHROTRON AND TERAHERTZ RADIATION CENTER. In: Tsakanov V, Wiedemann H (eds) Brilliant Light in Life and Material Sciences. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 57–68

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) Warning Of “1 in 100” San Andreas Fault Earthquake Prompts Concerns. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Airport Financing: Annual Funding As Much As $3 Billion Less Than Planned Development. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hutter-Thomas S (2017) Sociocultural Evolution: An Examination of Unorthodox Elective Body Modification. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leguizamo J (2016) ‘Too Bad You’re Latin.’ New York Times A27

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physiology and Biochemistry
AbbreviationJ. Physiol. Biochem.
ISSN (print)1138-7548
ISSN (online)1877-8755
General Medicine

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