How to format your references using the Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hyatt LA (2012) IBI* series winner. Personal plants: making botany meaningful by experimentation. Science 337:1620–1621
A journal article with 2 authors
Rushton MJD, Chroneos A (2014) Impact of uniaxial strain and doping on oxygen diffusion in CeO2. Sci Rep 4:6068
A journal article with 3 authors
Mottram DS, Wedzicha BL, Dodson AT (2002) Acrylamide is formed in the Maillard reaction. Nature 419:448–449
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Gandha K, Elkins K, Poudyal N, et al (2014) High energy product developed from cobalt nanowires. Sci Rep 4:5345

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Magnasco V (2010) Models for Bonding in Chemistry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Furukawa K, Fukuda M (2016) Glycosignals in Cancer: Mechanisms of Malignant Phenotypes, 1st ed. 2016. Springer Japan, Tokyo
A chapter in an edited book
Martin A, Quarles LD (2012) Evidence for FGF23 Involvement in a Bone-Kidney Axis Regulating Bone Mineralization and Systemic Phosphate and Vitamin D Homeostasis. In: Kuro-o M (ed) Endocrine FGFs and Klothos. Springer US, New York, NY, pp 65–83

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry.

Blog post
Evans K (2016) A Peek Into Women’s Bedrooms In 2016, According To A Popular Sex-Advice App. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) Bureau of Indian Affairs Plans To Consolidate Off-Reservation Indian Boarding Schools. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mycroft D (2012) Minorities in leadership and financial performance of their Fortune 500 companies. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2006) Court Puts Teeth in “Notice” Needed to Seize Property. New York Times A18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physiology and Biochemistry
AbbreviationJ. Physiol. Biochem.
ISSN (print)1138-7548
ISSN (online)1877-8755
General Medicine

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