How to format your references using the Climate Risk Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Risk Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Austin, J., 2006. Salary survey. U.S. life scientists report rising salaries and high job satisfaction. Science 314, 842–847.
A journal article with 2 authors
Davies, H.M.L., Manning, J.R., 2008. Catalytic C-H functionalization by metal carbenoid and nitrenoid insertion. Nature 451, 417–424.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stevens, R.C., Yokoyama, S., Wilson, I.A., 2001. Global efforts in structural genomics. Science 294, 89–92.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jiang, L., Mancuso, M., Lu, Z., Akar, G., Cesarman, E., Erickson, D., 2014. Solar thermal polymerase chain reaction for smartphone-assisted molecular diagnostics. Sci. Rep. 4, 4137.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Escarpa, A., González, M.C., López, M.Á., 2015. Agricultural and Food Electroanalysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Combemale, B., Cheng, B.H.C., France, R.B., Jézéquel, J.-M., Rumpe, B. (Eds.), 2015. Globalizing Domain-Specific Languages: International Dagstuhl Seminar, Dagstuhl Castle, Germany, October 5-10, 2014, Revised Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Jang, H.J., Park, S.W., Kwag, J., 2015. Current Trends in Memory Implantation and Rehabilitation, in: Lee, S.-W., Bülthoff, H.H., Müller, K.-R. (Eds.), Recent Progress in Brain and Cognitive Engineering, Trends in Augmentation of Human Performance. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 63–72.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Risk Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Why Screen Time Before Bed Is Bad For Children [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Intercollegiate Athletics: Revenues and Expenses, Gender and Minority Profiles, and Compensation in Athletic Departments (No. T-HRD-92-25). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eaddy, M., 2008. An empirical assessment of the crosscutting concern problem (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., 2017. Philip Gossett, Scholar, 75; Revived Lost Opera Scores. New York Times B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Austin, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Austin, 2006; Davies and Manning, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Davies and Manning, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Jiang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Risk Management
AbbreviationClim. Risk Manag.
ISSN (print)2212-0963

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