How to format your references using the Climate Risk Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Risk Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Xu, X., 2014. Surface recombination and charged exciton in nanocrystal quantum dots on photonic crystals under two-photon excitation. Sci. Rep. 4, 5039.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kondo, T., Hayashi, S., 2013. Mitotic cell rounding accelerates epithelial invagination. Nature 494, 125–129.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burstein, G.T., Hutchings, I.M., Sasaki, K., 2000. Electrochemically induced annealing of stainless-steel surfaces. Nature 407, 885–887.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fahrenkamp-Uppenbrink, J., Szuromi, P., Yeston, J., Coontz, R., 2008. Theoretical possibilities. Challenges in theoretical chemistry. Introduction. Science 321, 783.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wubbolding, R.E., 2017. Reality Therapy and Self-Evaluation. American Counseling Association, Alexandria, VA.
An edited book
Rao, M.S. (Ed.), 2006. Neural Development and Stem Cells, Second Edition. ed, Contemporary Neuroscience. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Haque, F., Guo, P., 2011. Membrane-Embedded Channel of Bacteriophage Phi29 DNA-Packaging Motor for Translocation and Sensing of Double-Stranded DNA, in: Iqbal, S.M., Bashir, R. (Eds.), Nanopores: Sensing and Fundamental Biological Interactions. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 77–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Risk Management.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. How Healthy Is Your Country? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Aviation and the Environment: FAA’s and NASA’s Research and Development Plans for Noise Reduction Are Aligned but the Prospects of Achieving Noise Reduction Goals Are Uncertain (No. GAO-08-384). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kuqi, K., 2013. A matrix-Based Method for Optimizing the User Interface Design of Electronic Medical Record Systems (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2016. Dodgers Prevail in a Pitchers’ Duel That Wasn’t. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Xu, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kondo and Hayashi, 2013; Xu, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kondo and Hayashi, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Fahrenkamp-Uppenbrink et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Risk Management
AbbreviationClim. Risk Manag.
ISSN (print)2212-0963

Other styles