How to format your references using the Climate Risk Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Risk Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q., 2003. Nobel laureate slams misconduct smear. Nature 421, 773.
A journal article with 2 authors
Annas, G.J., Elias, S., 2004. Politics, morals and embryos. Nature 431, 19–20.
A journal article with 3 authors
Neutel, A.-M., Heesterbeek, J.A.P., De Ruiter, P.C., 2002. Stability in real food webs: weak links in long loops. Science 296, 1120–1123.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Walsh, D.A., Zaikova, E., Howes, C.G., Song, Y.C., Wright, J.J., Tringe, S.G., Tortell, P.D., Hallam, S.J., 2009. Metagenome of a versatile chemolithoautotroph from expanding oceanic dead zones. Science 326, 578–582.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abu-Jamous, B., Fa, R., Nandi, A.K., 2015. Integrative Cluster Analysis in Bioinformatics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Bickhoff, N., 2014. The Quintessence of Marketing: What You Really Need to Know to Manage Your Marketing Activities, Quintessence Series. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Zaumseil, M., von Vacano, M., Schwarz, S., 2014. Contextualizing the Research: Introduction to the Case Study in Java, Indonesia, in: Zaumseil, M., Schwarz, S., von Vacano, M., Sullivan, G.B., Prawitasari-Hadiyono, J.E. (Eds.), Cultural Psychology of Coping with Disasters: The Case of an Earthquake in Java, Indonesia. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 105–127.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Risk Management.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. LightSail has Disintegrated in our Atmosphere [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1983. FCC Needs To Monitor a Changing International Telecommunications Market (No. RCED-83-92). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Freund, S.H., 2013. The Relationship of Academic Courses to Skills Required Of Automobile Repair Technicians (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Alderman, L., 2013. Romanian’s Tale Has Art World Fearing Worst. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Annas and Elias, 2004; Schiermeier, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Annas and Elias, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Walsh et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Risk Management
AbbreviationClim. Risk Manag.
ISSN (print)2212-0963

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