How to format your references using the Climate Risk Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Risk Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Al-Hashimi, H.M., 2010. Biochemistry. Exciting structures. Science 329, 1295–1296.
A journal article with 2 authors
Freedman, D.J., Assad, J.A., 2006. Experience-dependent representation of visual categories in parietal cortex. Nature 443, 85–88.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jan, C.H., Williams, C.C., Weissman, J.S., 2015. LOCAL TRANSLATION. Response to Comment on “Principles of ER cotranslational translocation revealed by proximity-specific ribosome profiling.” Science 348, 1217.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jia, H., Aw, W., Saito, K., Hanate, M., Hasebe, Y., Kato, H., 2014. Eggshell membrane ameliorates hepatic fibrogenesis in human C3A cells and rats through changes in PPARγ-Endothelin 1 signaling. Sci. Rep. 4, 7473.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones, G.F., 2010. Gravity-Driven Water Flow in Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nicolini, P., Kaminski, M., Mureika, J., Bleicher, M. (Eds.), 2016. 1st Karl Schwarzschild Meeting on Gravitational Physics, 1st ed. 2016. ed, Springer Proceedings in Physics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Richards, H., Swanger, J., 2009. Culture Change: A Practical Method with a Theoretical Basis, in: Rivera, J. de (Ed.), Handbook on Building Cultures of Peace. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 57–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Risk Management.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Black Holes Alone Can’t Explain Dark Matter [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Bankruptcy Reform: Value of Credit Counseling Requirements Is Not Clear (No. GAO-07-778T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeReus, D.L., 2012. The correlation between career anchors and satisfaction - a comparative analysis of multiple affiliations under a single organizational structure (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by, 2006. Arts, Briefly; Fire Ravages a Russian Cathedral. New York Times B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Al-Hashimi, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Al-Hashimi, 2010; Freedman and Assad, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Freedman and Assad, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Jia et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Risk Management
AbbreviationClim. Risk Manag.
ISSN (print)2212-0963

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