How to format your references using the Climate Risk Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Risk Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lloyd, D.R., 2003. Comment on “Salt-pump mechanism for contaminant intrusion into coastal aquifers.” Science 302, 784; author reply 784.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jadamec, M.A., Billen, M.I., 2010. Reconciling surface plate motions with rapid three-dimensional mantle flow around a slab edge. Nature 465, 338–341.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sasaki, T., Yamamoto, Y., Koashi, M., 2014. Practical quantum key distribution protocol without monitoring signal disturbance. Nature 509, 475–478.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tuoriniemi, J., Juntunen-Nurmilaukas, K., Uusvuori, J., Pentti, E., Salmela, A., Sebedash, A., 2007. Superconductivity in lithium below 0.4 millikelvin at ambient pressure. Nature 447, 187–189.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Murray, A., 2015. The Complete Software Project Manager. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Nee, A.Y.C. (Ed.), 2015. Handbook of Manufacturing Engineering and Technology. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Jeong, E., Kim, D., 2014. Detecting the Vibration in the Artificial Web Inspired by the Spider, in: Pobil, A.P. del, Chinellato, E., Martinez-Martin, E., Hallam, J., Cervera, E., Morales, A. (Eds.), From Animals to Animats 13: 13th International Conference on Simulation of Adaptive Behavior, SAB 2014, Castellón, Spain, July 22-25, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Risk Management.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Earth May Have Formed Earlier Than 92% Of Other Habitable Planets [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. Women and Minority Aerospace Industry Profile, 1979-1986 (No. T-HRD-90-4). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberts, M., 2017. Use of Stay Interviews as a Retention Tool for Key Talent (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herszenhorn, D.M., 2015. A Year After Seizing Crimea, Putin Celebrates as Ukraine Seethes. New York Times A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lloyd, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Jadamec and Billen, 2010; Lloyd, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jadamec and Billen, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Tuoriniemi et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Risk Management
AbbreviationClim. Risk Manag.
ISSN (print)2212-0963

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