How to format your references using the Climate Risk Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Climate Risk Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smetacek, V., 2001. A watery arms race. Nature 411, 745.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poage, M.A., Chamberlain, C.P., 2006. Geochemistry. Rising mountain ranges. Science 311, 478–479.
A journal article with 3 authors
Irigoien, X., Huisman, J., Harris, R.P., 2004. Global biodiversity patterns of marine phytoplankton and zooplankton. Nature 429, 863–867.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schmeing, T.M., Voorhees, R.M., Kelley, A.C., Gao, Y.-G., Murphy, F.V., 4th, Weir, J.R., Ramakrishnan, V., 2009. The crystal structure of the ribosome bound to EF-Tu and aminoacyl-tRNA. Science 326, 688–694.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Darling-Hammond, L., Meyerson, D., LaPointe, M., Terry Orr, M., Barber, M., Cohen, C., Dailey, K., Davis, S., Flessa, J., Murphy, J., Pecheone, R., Tushnet, N., 2009. Preparing Principals for a Changing World. Jossey-Bas, San Francisco, CA, USA.
An edited book
Jornitz, M.W. (Ed.), 2006. Sterile Filtration, Advances in Biochemical Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Albano, A., 2014. Upper Bound for the Number of Concepts of Contranominal-Scale Free Contexts, in: Glodeanu, C.V., Kaytoue, M., Sacarea, C. (Eds.), Formal Concept Analysis: 12th International Conference, ICFCA 2014, Cluj-Napoca, Romania, June 10-13, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 44–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Climate Risk Management.

Blog post
Taub, B., 2016. Brazilian Free-Tailed Bat Is Officially The World’s Fastest Flying Creature [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Highway Trust Fund: All States Received More Funding Than They Contributed in Highway Taxes from 2005 to 2009 (No. GAO-11-918). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kirk, C., 2017. Early Maladaptive Attachment Styles and Psychological Aggression in Romantic Relationships: A Content Analysis, 2006-2016 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2004. Magazine Is New in Moscow, but Looks Familiar to New York. New York Times A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smetacek, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Poage and Chamberlain, 2006; Smetacek, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Poage and Chamberlain, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Schmeing et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleClimate Risk Management
AbbreviationClim. Risk Manag.
ISSN (print)2212-0963

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