How to format your references using the The Spanish Review of Financial Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Spanish Review of Financial Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Caruana, C., 2005. An eastern promise of regeneration. Nature 435, 998–999.
A journal article with 2 authors
Caruthers, M., Wells, R., 2011. Retrospective. Har Gobind Khorana (1922-2011). Science 334, 1511.
A journal article with 3 authors
Behn, M.D., Hirth, G., Kelemen, P.B., 2007. Trench-parallel anisotropy produced by foundering of arc lower crust. Science 317, 108–111.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Park, H.-S., Nam, S.-H., Lee, J.K., Yoon, C.N., Mannervik, B., Benkovic, S.J., Kim, H.-S., 2006. Design and evolution of new catalytic activity with an existing protein scaffold. Science 311, 535–538.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Iyengar, S.S., Parameshwaran, N., Phoha, V.V., Balakrishnan, N., Okoye, C.D., 2010. Fundamentals of Sensor Network Programming. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Witzany, G. (Ed.), 2011. Biocommunication in Soil Microorganisms, Soil Biology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kusche, I., 2016. Social Movements and Sociological Systems Theory, in: Roose, J., Dietz, H. (Eds.), Social Theory and Social Movements: Mutual Inspirations. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden, pp. 75–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Spanish Review of Financial Economics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Neon Spotted In The Moon’s Atmosphere For The First Time Ever [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1991. Questions Remain on the Costs, Uses, and Risks of the Redesigned Space Station (No. T-NSIAD-91-26). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Byrd, M.L., 2012. Investigating an Afterschool Program for Black Teenage Males Designed to Increase Self-Efficacy (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldstein, J., Schwirtz, M., 2013. U.S. Accuses 2 Rabbis of Kidnapping Husbands for a Fee. New York Times A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Caruana, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Caruana, 2005; Caruthers and Wells, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Caruthers and Wells, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Park et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Spanish Review of Financial Economics
ISSN (print)2173-1268
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

Other styles