How to format your references using the The Spanish Review of Financial Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Spanish Review of Financial Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thompson, J.N., 2006. Ecology. Mutualistic webs of species. Science 312, 372–373.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, Z., Wang, J., 2014. Long-range hybrid wedge plasmonic waveguide. Sci. Rep. 4, 6870.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marchevsky, M., Higgins, M.J., Bhattacharya, S., 2001. Two coexisting vortex phases in the peak effect regime in a superconductor. Nature 409, 591–594.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Akahane, K., Yonai, S., Fukuda, S., Miyahara, N., Yasuda, H., Iwaoka, K., Matsumoto, M., Fukumura, A., Akashi, M., 2013. NIRS external dose estimation system for Fukushima residents after the Fukushima Dai-ichi NPP accident. Sci. Rep. 3, 1670.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sailor, M.J., 2011. Porous Silicon in Practice. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Bertino, E., 2010. Security for Web Services and Service-Oriented Architectures. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Fabian, M., Habala, P., Hájek, P., Montesinos, V., Zizler, V., 2011. Schauder Bases, in: Habala, P., Hájek, P., Montesinos, V., Zizler, V. (Eds.), Banach Space Theory: The Basis for Linear and Nonlinear Analysis, CMS Books in Mathematics. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 179–235.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Spanish Review of Financial Economics.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Monkeys Believe in Winning Streaks Like Us [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1985. The Department of Education’s Actions To Collect Defaulted Student Loans (No. 127222). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hernandez, K., 2015. Life skills education for at-risk youth at Soledad Enrichment Action Charter High School: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D.A., 2010. When in Doubt, Insure. New York Times TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Thompson, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Thompson, 2006; Zhang and Wang, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang and Wang, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Akahane et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Spanish Review of Financial Economics
ISSN (print)2173-1268
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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