How to format your references using the The Spanish Review of Financial Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Spanish Review of Financial Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Alexander, R.M., 2005. Physiology. Walking made simple. Science 308, 58–59.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pardo-de-Santayana, M., Macía, M.J., 2015. Biodiversity: The benefits of traditional knowledge. Nature 518, 487–488.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nowak, M.A., Plotkin, J.B., Jansen, V.A., 2000. The evolution of syntactic communication. Nature 404, 495–498.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Peng, X., Manna, L., Yang, W., Wickham, J., Scher, E., Kadavanich, A., Alivisatos, A.P., 2000. Shape control of CdSe nanocrystals. Nature 404, 59–61.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meier, H.B., Marthinsen, J.E., Gantenbein, P.A., 2012. Swiss Finance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ahmed, R., 2014. Collaborative Web Hosting: Challenges and Research Directions, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Boiten, E., Grundy, D., 2010. The Logic of Large Enough, in: Bolduc, C., Desharnais, J., Ktari, B. (Eds.), Mathematics of Program Construction: 10th International Conference, MPC 2010, Québec City, Canada, June 21-23, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 42–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Spanish Review of Financial Economics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2017. 200,000 More Children Have Been Vaccinated In Australia Following New Policies [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. National Aeronautics and Space Administration: Significant Actions Needed to Address Long-standing Financial Management Problems (No. GAO-04-754T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fonteix, K.A., 2013. Separate, But Not Equal: A Qualitative Case Study Comparing Traditional And Homebound Instruction Using Technology (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Weber, B., 2014. Manitas de Plata Is Dead at 93; Superstar of the Flamenco Guitar. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Alexander, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Alexander, 2005; Pardo-de-Santayana and Macía, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pardo-de-Santayana and Macía, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Peng et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Spanish Review of Financial Economics
ISSN (print)2173-1268
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

Other styles