How to format your references using the Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Blaser, Antibiotic overuse: Stop the killing of beneficial bacteria, Nature. 476 (2011) 393–394.
A journal article with 2 authors
G.M. Mullen, C.B. Mullins, Chemistry. Water’s place in Au catalysis, Science. 345 (2014) 1564–1565.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.E. Raymo, L.E. Lisiecki, K.H. Nisancioglu, Plio-Pleistocene ice volume, Antarctic climate, and the global delta18O record, Science. 313 (2006) 492–495.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F. Selsis, M.T. Lemmon, J. Vaubaillon, J.F. Bell 3rd, Extraterrestrial meteors: a martian meteor and its parent comet, Nature. 435 (2005) 581.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W.B. Rowe, Modern Grinding Techniques, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2010.
An edited book
G. Peltz, ed., Computational Genetics and Genomics: Tools for Understanding Disease, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Hughes, M. Maher, Redistribution in the Irish Pension System: Upside Down?, in: M.P. Murphy, F. Dukelow (Eds.), The Irish Welfare State in the Twenty-First Century: Challenges and Change, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 2016: pp. 93–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids.

Blog post
E. Andrew, 2011 Japan Tsunami Debris Is Washing Up Along The Coasts Of The United States, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, DOD Business Systems Modernization: Billions Being Invested without Adequate Oversight, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.J. Courtney, A Sea of Voices: An Alchemical Journey Through Dissociation, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Crow, A New 92nd Street Y? Almost, New York Times. (2002) 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids
AbbreviationJ. Phys. Chem. Solids
ISSN (print)0022-3697
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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