How to format your references using the Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smil V 2000 Laying down the law Nature 403 597
A journal article with 2 authors
Valbuzzi A and Yanofsky C 2001 Inhibition of the B. subtilis regulatory protein TRAP by the TRAP-inhibitory protein, AT Science 293 2057–9
A journal article with 3 authors
Micklos D, Lauter S and Nisselle A 2011 Essays on science and society. Lessons from a science education portal Science 334 1657–8
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Pokroy B, Kang S H, Mahadevan L and Aizenberg J 2009 Self-organization of a mesoscale bristle into ordered, hierarchical helical assemblies Science 323 237–40

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grant G 2012 Ecosystem Services Come to Town (Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd)
An edited book
McGoron A J, Li C-Z and Lin W-C 2009 25th Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference 2009, 15 – 17 May 2009, Miami, Florida, USA vol 24 (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer)
A chapter in an edited book
Martin A and Monroe K R 2009 Identity, Moral Choice, and the Moral Imagination: Is There a Neuroscientific Foundation for Altruism? Morality, Ethics, and Gifted Minds ed T Cross and D Ambrose (Boston, MA: Springer US) pp 73–87

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical.

Blog post
Luntz S 2014 Are These The Earliest Animal Ancestors? IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1990 Aviation: FAA’s Use and Management of Communications Resources (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zaarour M 2017 Enhancing the foster care experience of children with autism: A grant proposal Doctoral dissertation (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C 2011 Amid the City, Learning to Survive in the Wild New York Times C35

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
AbbreviationJ. Phys. A Math. Theor.
ISSN (print)1751-8113
ISSN (online)1751-8121
ScopeMathematical Physics
Modelling and Simulation
Statistics and Probability
General Physics and Astronomy
Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

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