How to format your references using the Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crothers D M 2013 Biophysics. Fine tuning gene regulation Science 339 766–7
A journal article with 2 authors
Tissenbaum H A and Guarente L 2001 Increased dosage of a sir-2 gene extends lifespan in Caenorhabditis elegans Nature 410 227–30
A journal article with 3 authors
Green D R, Galluzzi L and Kroemer G 2014 Cell biology. Metabolic control of cell death Science 345 1250256
A journal article with 99 or more authors
Mack M C, Schuur E A G, Bret-Harte M S, Shaver G R and Chapin F S 2004 Ecosystem carbon storage in arctic tundra reduced by long-term nutrient fertilization Nature 431 440–3

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mitra A 2008 Fundamentals of Quality Control and Improvement (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Seki S 2015 High-Energy Charged Particles: Their Chemistry and Use as Versatile Tools for Nanofabrication ed T Sakurai, M Omichi, A Saeki and D Sakamaki (Tokyo: Springer Japan)
A chapter in an edited book
Izmailov I, Poizner B, Romanov I and Smolskiy S 2016 Optical Vortices in Ring and Non-ring Interferometers and a Model of the Digital Communication System Cryptology Transmitted Message Protection: From Deterministic Chaos up to Optical Vortices Signals and Communication Technology ed B Poizner, I Romanov and S Smolskiy (Cham: Springer International Publishing) pp 259–332

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical.

Blog post
Andrew E 2014 Hubble Provides Most Detailed Weather Map Ever Constructed for Exoplanet IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1996 [Comments on Referral of NASA Subcontractors’ Claims to Congress] (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boyer M D 2009 Organizational improvisation within an episodic planning model: A systems perspective Doctoral dissertation (Minneapolis, MN: Capella University)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy M J O 2015 Friday File New York Times C34

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
AbbreviationJ. Phys. A Math. Theor.
ISSN (print)1751-8113
ISSN (online)1751-8121
ScopeMathematical Physics
Modelling and Simulation
Statistics and Probability
General Physics and Astronomy
Statistical and Nonlinear Physics

Other styles