How to format your references using the The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
T. Ooi, Chemistry. Heat and light switch a chiral catalyst and its products, Science. 331 (2011) 1395–1396.
A journal article with 2 authors
O. Custance, S. Morita, Materials science. How to move an atom, Science. 319 (2008) 1051–1052.
A journal article with 3 authors
T.-W. Lin, C.-S. Dai, K.-C. Hung, High energy density asymmetric supercapacitor based on NiOOH/Ni3S2/3D graphene and Fe3O4/graphene composite electrodes, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7274.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.J. Chacron, B. Doiron, L. Maler, A. Longtin, J. Bastian, Non-classical receptive field mediates switch in a sensory neuron’s frequency tuning, Nature. 423 (2003) 77–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A.K. Thompson, Fruit and Vegetables, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
A.A. Maradudin, ed., Light Scattering and Nanoscale Surface Roughness, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Kerényi, M. Putsay, LAND USE MAP FROM ASTER IMAGES AND WATER MASK ON MODIS IMAGES, in: J. Marsalek, G. Stancalie, G. Balint (Eds.), Transboundary Floods: Reducing Risks Through Flood Management, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2006: pp. 45–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics.

Blog post
J. Fang, Stunning New Ruby Seadragon Discovered, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Automated Systems: Treasury’s Efforts to Improve Its Payroll and Personnel Systems, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. Lundahl Philpot, Social media adoption and use among information technology professionals and implications for leadership, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
P. Baker, M.S. Schmidt, M. Haberman, Trump Lashes Out At Russia Inquiry And Its Overseers, New York Times. (2017) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics
AbbreviationJ. Chem. Thermodyn.
ISSN (print)0021-9614
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Materials Science
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles