How to format your references using the The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Croce, Structural biology. A close view of photosystem I, Science. 348 (2015) 970–971.
A journal article with 2 authors
W.R. Boos, Z. Kuang, Sensitivity of the South Asian monsoon to elevated and non-elevated heating, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1192.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Li, E. Butka, X. Wang, Comprehensive quantification of triacylglycerols in soybean seeds by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry with multiple neutral loss scans, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6581.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R.K. Jangra, A.S. Herbert, R. Li, L.T. Jae, L.M. Kleinfelter, M.M. Slough, S.L. Barker, P. Guardado-Calvo, G. Román-Sosa, M.E. Dieterle, A.I. Kuehne, N.A. Muena, A.S. Wirchnianski, E.K. Nyakatura, J.M. Fels, M. Ng, E. Mittler, J. Pan, S. Bharrhan, A.Z. Wec, J.R. Lai, S.S. Sidhu, N.D. Tischler, F.A. Rey, J. Moffat, T.R. Brummelkamp, Z. Wang, J.M. Dye, K. Chandran, Protocadherin-1 is essential for cell entry by New World hantaviruses, Nature. 563 (2018) 559–563.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
N. Larrieu, A. Varet, Rapid Prototyping of Software for Avionics Systems, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
A.G. Jurik, ed., Imaging of the Sternocostoclavicular Region, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Srinivasan, M.Z. Saghir, CFD Studies in Thermodiffusion, in: M.Z. Saghir (Ed.), Thermodiffusion in Multicomponent Mixtures: Thermodynamic, Algebraic, and Neuro-Computing Models, Springer, New York, NY, 2013: pp. 65–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Farmer Finds Enormous Prehistoric Sea Monster Jaw, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Year 2000 Computing Crisis: An Assessment Guide--Exposure Draft (Superseded by AIMD-10.1.14), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. Kotamreddy, Design and Simulation of 16 Psk Super Regenerative Receiver, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.M. Grynbaum, A Network vs. the President, New York Times. (2017) B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics
AbbreviationJ. Chem. Thermodyn.
ISSN (print)0021-9614
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Materials Science
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles