How to format your references using the The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M.F. Heyworth, Sky was not the limit for music-loving Herschel, Nature. 407 (2000) 286.
A journal article with 2 authors
I.J. Corfe, R.J. Butler, Comment on “A well-preserved Archaeopteryx specimen with theropod features,” Science. 313 (2006) 1238; author reply 1238.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Fukuda, H. Murase, I.T. Tokuda, Controlling circadian rhythms by dark-pulse perturbations in Arabidopsis thaliana, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1533.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R. Li, N. Mitra, H. Gratkowski, G. Vilaire, R. Litvinov, C. Nagasami, J.W. Weisel, J.D. Lear, W.F. DeGrado, J.S. Bennett, Activation of integrin alphaIIbbeta3 by modulation of transmembrane helix associations, Science. 300 (2003) 795–798.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D.R. Schwarz, Reading the European Novel to 1900, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
W. Ho, Optimal Production Planning for PCB Assembly, Springer, London, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
P. Li, S.-C. Fang, Chebyshev Approximation of Inconsistent Fuzzy Relational Equations with Max-T Composition, in: W.A. Lodwick, J. Kacprzyk (Eds.), Fuzzy Optimization: Recent Advances and Applications, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 109–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics.

Blog post
S. Luntz, New Contraceptive Lasts For Three Months And Protects Against HIV And Pregnancy, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Child Labor: Information on Federal Enforcement Efforts, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
F. Rodriguez, A historical analysis of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in the United States, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
G. Vecsey, Islanders Leaving, the Glory Long Gone, New York Times. (2012) B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics
AbbreviationJ. Chem. Thermodyn.
ISSN (print)0021-9614
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
General Materials Science
Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

Other styles