How to format your references using the Environmental and Resource Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental and Resource Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wisdom J (2003) Swimming in spacetime: motion by cyclic changes in body shape. Science 299:1865–1869
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu X, Duncan JH (2003) The effects of surfactants on spilling breaking waves. Nature 421:520–523
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmitz B, Häggström T, Tassinari M (2003) Sediment-dispersed extraterrestrial chromite traces a major asteroid disruption event. Science 300:961–964
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dostert C, Pétrilli V, Van Bruggen R, et al (2008) Innate immune activation through Nalp3 inflammasome sensing of asbestos and silica. Science 320:674–677

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dunlop J, Girma D, Irvine J (2013) Digital Mobile Communications and the Tetra System. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, England
An edited book
Udomkichdecha W, Böllinghaus T, Manonukul A, Lexow J (eds) (2014) Materials Challenges and Testing for Manufacturing, Mobility, Biomedical Applications and Climate. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Fragiskos FD (2007) Simple Tooth Extraction. In: Fragiskos FD (ed) Oral Surgery. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 73–93

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental and Resource Economics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) Boeing Is Working On A Hypersonic Space Plane That Can Be Ready To Launch In Hours. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Counterdrug Technology Assessment Center: Clarifying Rationale for the Research and Development Funding Decisions Would Increase Accountability. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pestano AC (2017) The Utilization of a Web-Based Internet Application to Improve Access and Efficiency of In-Home Care Services Provided by Personal Care Aides. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S (2002) Downbeat of Feet Uptown in Harlem. New York Times F6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wisdom 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Liu and Duncan 2003; Wisdom 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu and Duncan 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Dostert et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental and Resource Economics
AbbreviationEnviron. Resour. Econ. (Dordr.)
ISSN (print)0924-6460
ISSN (online)1573-1502
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Aerospace Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles