How to format your references using the Environmental and Resource Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental and Resource Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Montesi LGJ (2013) Planetary science. Solving the mascon mystery. Science 340:1535–1536
A journal article with 2 authors
Brambila DS, Fratalocchi A (2013) Nonlinearly-enhanced energy transport in many dimensional quantum chaos. Sci Rep 3:2359
A journal article with 3 authors
Lohrer AM, Thrush SF, Gibbs MM (2004) Bioturbators enhance ecosystem function through complex biogeochemical interactions. Nature 431:1092–1095
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Liu X, Jung H-G, Kim S-O, et al (2013) Silicon/copper dome-patterned electrodes for high-performance hybrid supercapacitors. Sci Rep 3:3183

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abracen J, Looman J (2015) Treatment of High-Risk Sexual Offenders. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Milutinović V (2015) Guide to DataFlow Supercomputing: Basic Concepts, Case Studies, and a Detailed Example. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Rauschmayr N, Streit A (2013) Reducing the Memory Footprint of Parallel Applications with KSM. In: Keller R, Kramer D, Weiss J-P (eds) Facing the Multicore-Challenge III: Aspects of New Paradigms and Technologies in Parallel Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 48–59

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental and Resource Economics.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Injecting Bacteria Can Shrink Tumors. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Automated Systems: Legislative Branch’s Efforts in Sharing Payroll/Personnel Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boggs BD (2012) An assessment of campus police departments across Mississippi’s public community and junior colleges. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) Weeknd’s ‘Starboy’ at No. 1 for Third Week. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Montesi 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Brambila and Fratalocchi 2013; Montesi 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brambila and Fratalocchi 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental and Resource Economics
AbbreviationEnviron. Resour. Econ. (Dordr.)
ISSN (print)0924-6460
ISSN (online)1573-1502
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Aerospace Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles