How to format your references using the Environmental and Resource Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental and Resource Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vicsek T (2001) A question of scale. Nature 411:421
A journal article with 2 authors
Yuan F, Huang L (2014) Brittle to ductile transition in densified silica glass. Sci Rep 4:5035
A journal article with 3 authors
Cumings J, Collins PG, Zettl A (2000) Peeling and sharpening multiwall nanotubes. Nature 406:586
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Chen J, Li Z, Zhang X, et al (2013) Submicron bidirectional all-optical plasmonic switches. Sci Rep 3:1451

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carroll N (2013) Minerva’s Night Out. A John Wiley & Sons, Oxford
An edited book
Kumar R (2016) Protein Toxins in Modeling Biochemistry. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Moreno-García A (2012) Debridement, Joint Lavage and Cartilage Shaving. In: Rodrìguez-Merchán EC (ed) Articular Cartilage Defects of the Knee: Diagnosis and Treatment. Springer, Milano, pp 43–46

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental and Resource Economics.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Scientists Unleash Full Einstein Equations To Model The Universe. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Year 2000 Computing Crisis: An Assessment Guide--Exposure Draft (Superseded by AIMD-10.1.14). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wurster KW (2010) Management matter? Effects of charcoal production management on woodland regeneration in Senegal. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson K (2015) From Iraq to Oregon, a Global Lotto Jackpot. New York Times A15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vicsek 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Vicsek 2001; Yuan and Huang 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yuan and Huang 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental and Resource Economics
AbbreviationEnviron. Resour. Econ. (Dordr.)
ISSN (print)0924-6460
ISSN (online)1573-1502
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Aerospace Engineering
Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Other styles