How to format your references using the Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology (JPP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ammann AJ. US clinical-research system in need of review. Nature 2013; 498(7452): 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
MacPherson RD, Srolovitz DJ. The von Neumann relation generalized to coarsening of three-dimensional microstructures. Nature 2007; 446(7139): 1053–1055.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kayser MS et al. A critical period of sleep for development of courtship circuitry and behavior in Drosophila. Science 2014; 344(6181): 269–274.
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Holler M et al. X-ray ptychographic computed tomography at 16 nm isotropic 3D resolution. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 3857.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Van Der Pijl P et al. How To Design a Better Business. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
Cuzick J, Thorat MA, eds. Prostate Cancer Prevention. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Stead D et al. Macro-regional Strategies: Agents of Europeanization and Rescaling? In: Gänzle S, Kern K, eds. A ‘Macro-regional’ Europe in the Making: Theoretical Approaches and Empirical Evidence. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK, 2016: 99–120.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrews R. Skin Cells Seen “Walking” Towards Wounds. IFLScience 2016. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Safety: Better Guidance Could Improve Oversight of State Highway Safety Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simonsen AE. Risk and resilience: Girls’ experiences navigating space and relationships in a secure residential facility. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L. NOW SHOWING | A MOVABLE FEAST. New York Times. December 7, 2008:M282.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
AbbreviationJ. Pharm. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0022-3573
ISSN (online)2042-7158
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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