How to format your references using the Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology (JPP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Conklin BR. Journal club. A geneticist wonders why we need to sleep. Nature 2009; 461(7264): 573.
A journal article with 2 authors
Turelli P, Trono D. Editing at the crossroad of innate and adaptive immunity. Science 2005; 307(5712): 1061–1065.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mitchell RN et al. Supercontinent cycles and the calculation of absolute palaeolongitude in deep time. Nature 2012; 482(7384): 208–211.
A journal article with 3 or more authors
Krishnamurthy J et al. p16INK4a induces an age-dependent decline in islet regenerative potential. Nature 2006; 443(7110): 453–457.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brandimarte P. Handbook in Monte Carlo Simulation. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
Ács N et al., eds. Congenital Abnormalities and Preterm Birth Related to Maternal Illnesses During Pregnancy. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Leibrandt K et al. Modelling Human Gameplay at Pool and Countering It with an Anthropomorphic Robot. In: Herrmann G et al., eds. Social Robotics: 5th International Conference, ICSR 2013, Bristol, UK, October 27-29, 2013, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2013: 30–39.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology.

Blog post
Andrews R. Australia Set To Keep Unvaccinated Kids Away From School. IFLScience 2017. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Shuttle: NASA Must Reduce Costs Further to Operate Within Future Projected Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
El-Amine Z. Waking Up in Beirut. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. A Quiet Place To Start a Revolution. New York Times. August 18, 2006:F1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
AbbreviationJ. Pharm. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0022-3573
ISSN (online)2042-7158
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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