How to format your references using the Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology (JPP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Nosengo N. The quota conundrum. Nature 2003; 426(6963): 211.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Peñuelas J, Filella I. Phenology. Responses to a warming world. Science 2001; 294(5543): 793–795.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Wen J et al. Colorimetric detection of Shewanella oneidensis based on immunomagnetic capture and bacterial intrinsic peroxidase activity. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 5191.
A journal article with 3 or more authors
1.
Matthey D et al. Enhanced bonding of gold nanoparticles on oxidized TiO2(110). Science 2007; 315(5819): 1692–1696.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lloret J et al. Condition and Health Indicators of Exploited Marine Fishes. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, 2013.
An edited book
1.
Núñez-Queija R, Resing J, eds. Network Control and Optimization: Third Euro-NF Conference, NET-COOP 2009 Eindhoven, The Netherlands, November 23-25, 2009 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Hausawi YM, Allen WH. An Assessment Framework for Usable-Security Based on Decision Science. In: Tryfonas T, Askoxylakis I, eds. Human Aspects of Information Security, Privacy, and Trust: Second International Conference, HAS 2014, Held as Part of HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014: 33–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. How Antarctica Became Frozen. IFLScience 2017. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/how-antarctica-became-frozen/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Time Issues Affecting the Global Positioning System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Schwartz DA. Safe Travels? An Examination of the Search and Rescue Policies and Capabilities in the Northwest Passage Region. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Schmidt MS et al. Wary of Mueller, Trump’s Team Is Investigating His Investigators. New York Times. July 21, 2017:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
AbbreviationJ. Pharm. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0022-3573
ISSN (online)2042-7158
ScopePharmaceutical Science
Pharmacology

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