How to format your references using the Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology (JPP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Macilwain C. Budget crisis forces hard choices on US high-energy physics. Nature 2000; 404(6781): 909–910.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Kneller EA, van Keken PE. Trench-parallel flow and seismic anisotropy in the Mariana and Andean subduction systems. Nature 2007; 450(7173): 1222–1225.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Takahashi Y et al. Tissue interactions in neural crest cell development and disease. Science 2013; 341(6148): 860–863.
A journal article with 3 or more authors
1.
Casellas R et al. Contribution of receptor editing to the antibody repertoire. Science 2001; 291(5508): 1541–1544.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Maguire L, Smith E. 30 Great Myths about Shakespeare. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2012.
An edited book
1.
Bourguignon J-P et al., eds. Multi-System Endocrine Disruption. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ruiz EL et al. A Metaheuristic Approach for the Seaside Operations in Maritime Container Terminals. In: Rojas I et al., eds. Advances in Computational Intelligence: 12th International Work-Conference on Artificial Neural Networks, IWANN 2013, Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife, Spain, June 12-14, 2013, Proceedings, Part II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013: 28–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology.

Blog post
1.
Evans K. Here’s How People Judge You Based On Your Face. IFLScience 2016. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/heres-how-people-judge-you-based-on-your-face/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Cassini Mission: Estimated Launch Costs for NASA’s Mission to Saturn. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Song H-J. Strategic Constraints of Economic Interdependence: South Korea’s Changing Strategy in the Face of a Rising China. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Nordland R. With Daring Cellphone Videos, Saudi Women Are Challenging Male Control. New York Times. April 21, 2017:A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
AbbreviationJ. Pharm. Pharmacol.
ISSN (print)0022-3573
ISSN (online)2042-7158
ScopePharmaceutical Science
Pharmacology

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