How to format your references using the Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Keeling RF. Atmosphere. Deglaciation mysteries. Science. 2007;316(5830):1440-1441.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Cheng W, Li W. Structural insights into ubiquinone biosynthesis in membranes. Science. 2014;343(6173):878-881.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hu H, Gan J, Jonas P. Interneurons. Fast-spiking, parvalbumin+ GABAergic interneurons: from cellular design to microcircuit function. Science. 2014;345(6196):1255263.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Yusupov MM, Yusupova GZ, Baucom A, et al. Crystal structure of the ribosome at 5.5 A resolution. Science. 2001;292(5518):883-896.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Sailor W. Making RTI Work. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass; 2009.
An edited book
1.
Alcaraz MJ, Gualillo O, Sánchez-Pernaute O, eds. Studies on Arthritis and Joint Disorders. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Graf J, Hecker M, Mohr M, Snelting G. Tool Demonstration: JOANA. In: Piessens F, Viganò L, eds. Principles of Security and Trust: 5th International Conference, POST 2016, Held as Part of the European Joint Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2016, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, April 2–8, 2016, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2016:89-93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. Superbugs 1, The World 0. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/superbugs-1-the-world-0/. Published October 13, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Programming Guide to Version 6.0 of Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Liu T-WD. Isolation and Characterization of pco-1, which Encodes a Regulatory Protein that Controls Purine Degradation in Neurospora crassa. 2003.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky S. Plane Crash in Central Asia Kills 68. New York Times. August 25, 2008:A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Pharm. Sci.
ISSN (print)0022-3549
ScopePharmaceutical Science

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