How to format your references using the Physics and Chemistry of Liquids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physics and Chemistry of Liquids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Buffett B. Geomagnetic fluctuations reveal stable stratification at the top of the Earth’s core. Nature. 2014;507:484–487.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Jing Z, Wu L. Intensified diapycnal mixing in the midlatitude western boundary currents. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7412.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Saalmann YB, Pigarev IN, Vidyasagar TR. Neural mechanisms of visual attention: how top-down feedback highlights relevant locations. Science. 2007;316:1612–1615.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Townsend D, Lahankar SA, Lee SK, et al. The roaming atom: straying from the reaction path in formaldehyde decomposition. Science. 2004;306:1158–1161.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Matthews GA. Pesticides. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
[1]
Edge C. Enterprise Mac Security: Mac OS X Snow Leopard. Barker W, Hunter B, Sullivan G, editors. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Gao S, Li Z, Yu J, et al. DNA Library Screening, Pooling Design and Unitary Spaces. In: Du D-Z, Hu X, Pardalos PM, editors. Combinatorial Optimization and Applications: Third International Conference, COCOA 2009, Huangshan, China, June 10-12, 2009 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physics and Chemistry of Liquids.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Ancient Land Predator Hunted Sharks [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/permian-predator-returned-oceans-eat-shark/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Federal and State Universal Service Programs and Challenges to Funding. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002. Report No.: GAO-02-187. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Boukes J. An exploration of online spam prevention through geolocational filters [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Antilla S. 69 Red Flags Catch Up to a Broker. New York Times. 2015 May 19;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysics and Chemistry of Liquids
AbbreviationPhys. Chem. Liquids
ISSN (print)0031-9104
ISSN (online)1029-0451
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

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