How to format your references using the Physics and Chemistry of Liquids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physics and Chemistry of Liquids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Spitale JN. Asteroid hazard mitigation using the Yarkovsky effect. Science. 2002;296:77.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Olszewski TD, Erwin DH. Dynamic response of Permian brachiopod communities to long-term environmental change. Nature. 2004;428:738–741.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Hwang TJ, Carpenter D, Kesselheim AS. Target small firms for antibiotic innovation. Science. 2014;344:967–969.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Murata T, Yamato I, Kakinuma Y, et al. Structure of the rotor of the V-Type Na+-ATPase from Enterococcus hirae. Science. 2005;308:654–659.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Walker C, Fincham B. Work and the Mental Health Crisis in Britain. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Esparza J, Fraigniaud P, Husfeldt T, et al., editors. Automata, Languages, and Programming: 41st International Colloquium, ICALP 2014, Copenhagen, Denmark, July 8-11, 2014, Proceedings, Part I. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Boulton AJM, Vileikyte L. Management of neuropathic pain. In: Vileikyte L, editor. Managing Neuropathic Pain in the Diabetic Patient. Tarporley: Springer Healthcare Ltd.; 2009. p. 35–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physics and Chemistry of Liquids.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew D. Here’s The Real Reason Your Friend’s “Gluten-Free” Diet Might Be Making Them Feel Better [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/heres-the-real-reason-your-friends-glutenfree-diet-might-be-making-them-feel-better/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Close Air Support: Upgraded A-7 Aircraft’s Mission Effectiveness and Total Cost Unknown. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988. Report No.: NSIAD-88-210. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
LaPoint JL. The effects of aviation -based error management training on perioperative safety attitudes [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Wagner J. Reconditioned Harvey Impresses in Winning Return for the Mets. New York Times. 2017 Apr 7;B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysics and Chemistry of Liquids
AbbreviationPhys. Chem. Liquids
ISSN (print)0031-9104
ISSN (online)1029-0451
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles