How to format your references using the Physics and Chemistry of Liquids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Physics and Chemistry of Liquids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Prasher R. Materials science. Graphene spreads the heat. Science. 2010;328:185–186.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Ma J, Karaman I. Materials science. Expanding the repertoire of shape memory alloys. Science. 2010;327:1468–1469.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Dunn B, Kamath H, Tarascon J-M. Electrical energy storage for the grid: a battery of choices. Science. 2011;334:928–935.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Autran B, Carcelain G, Combadiere B, et al. Therapeutic vaccines for chronic infections. Science. 2004;305:205–208.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Vanclef J. The Wealth Code 2.0. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Ismail MEH, Koelink E, editors. Theory and Applications of Special Functions: A Volume Dedicated to Mizan Rahman. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Richardson HW, Pan Q, Gordon P, et al. A Radiological Bomb Attack on the Downtown Los Angeles Financial District. In: Richardson HW, Pan Q, Park J, et al., editors. Regional Economic Impacts of Terrorist Attacks, Natural Disasters and Metropolitan Policies. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 65–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Physics and Chemistry of Liquids.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Hepatitis C: Behind New Wonder Drugs Lies A Terrible Dilemma. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. GSA’s Administration of the Automatic Data Processing Equipment (ADPE) Interim Upgrade Acquisition Policy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978. Report No.: FGMSD-79-10. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Vande Voort PS. A phenomenological exploration of faculty experiences using lecture capture systems [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Waldstein D. Cleveland’s Renaissance Reaches the World Series. New York Times. 2016 Oct 19;B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titlePhysics and Chemistry of Liquids
AbbreviationPhys. Chem. Liquids
ISSN (print)0031-9104
ISSN (online)1029-0451
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Materials Chemistry
Condensed Matter Physics

Other styles