How to format your references using the Journal of Pharmaceutical Innovation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Pharmaceutical Innovation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Power PP. Main-group elements as transition metals. Nature. 2010;463:171–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Zou Z, Buck LB. Combinatorial effects of odorant mixes in olfactory cortex. Science. 2006;311:1477–81.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Alford RA, Dixon PM, Pechmann JH. Ecology. Global amphibian population declines. Nature. 2001;412:499–500.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Blanco MB, Dausmann KH, Ranaivoarisoa JF, Yoder AD. Underground hibernation in a primate. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1768.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bauldry WC. Introduction to Real Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Ramos A, editor. Electrokinetics and Electrohydrodynamics in Microsystems. Vienna: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Tinnemeier NAM, Dastani M, Meyer J-JC. Orwell’s Nightmare for Agents? Programming Multi-agent Organisations. In: Hindriks KV, Pokahr A, Sardina S, editors. Programming Multi-Agent Systems: 6th International Workshop, ProMAS 2008, Estoril, Portugal, May 13, 2008 Revised Invited and Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 56–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Pharmaceutical Innovation.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Scientists Use Lasers To Discover Ancient Lost City [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/how-lasers-are-helping-us-unlock-secrets-ancient-civilizations/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Biotechnology: Delays in and Status of EPA’s Efforts to Issue a TSCA Regulation. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Jun. Report No.: RCED-92-167.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Blackmar MD. Wagner domesticated, Wagner democratized: The parlor reception of Musikdrama [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Yablonsky L. The Insider. New York Times. 2012 Apr 1;M222.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Pharmaceutical Innovation
AbbreviationJ. Pharm. Innov.
ISSN (print)1872-5120
ISSN (online)1939-8042
ScopeDrug Discovery
Pharmaceutical Science

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