How to format your references using the Journal of Psychiatric Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychiatric Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Conrad, P.G., 2014. Planetary science. Scratching the surface of martian habitability. Science 346, 1288–1289.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mattaj, I.W., Tocchini-Valentini, G.P., 2007. Laying solid foundations for Europe. Nature 447, 377–378.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang, J., Goldstein, J.I., Scott, E.R.D., 2007. Iron meteorite evidence for early formation and catastrophic disruption of protoplanets. Nature 446, 888–891.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Roosen-Runge, F., Zhang, F., Schreiber, F., Roth, R., 2014. Ion-activated attractive patches as a mechanism for controlled protein interactions. Sci. Rep. 4, 7016.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
German Geotechnical Society, 2013. Taschenbuch für den Tunnelbau 2014. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Masferrer, A., García-Sánchez, E. (Eds.), 2016. Human Dignity of the Vulnerable in the Age of Rights: Interdisciplinary Perspectives, Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ainsworth, S.A., Taxman, F.S., 2013. Creating Simulation Parameter Inputs with Existing Data Sources: Estimating Offender Risks, Needs, and Recidivism, in: Taxman, F.S., Pattavina, A. (Eds.), Simulation Strategies to Reduce Recidivism: Risk Need Responsivity (RNR) Modeling for the Criminal Justice System. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 115–142.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychiatric Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. When We Understand How HIV Replicates Despite Drug Therapy, Then We Can Stop It [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Secure Flight: Additional Actions Needed to Determine Program Effectiveness and Strengthen Privacy Oversight Mechanisms (No. GAO-14-796T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robinson-Scott, D., 2010. Policy analysis of the Chafee Foster Care Independence Act of 1999 (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M., 2010. A New Bag, A New Space. New York Times E9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Conrad, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Conrad, 2014; Mattaj and Tocchini-Valentini, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mattaj and Tocchini-Valentini, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Roosen-Runge et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychiatric Research
AbbreviationJ. Psychiatr. Res.
ISSN (print)0022-3956
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

Other styles