How to format your references using the Journal of Psychiatric Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychiatric Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Penner, A.M., 2015. Social Science. Gender inequality in science. Science 347, 234–235.
A journal article with 2 authors
Levnajić, Z., Pikovsky, A., 2014. Untangling complex dynamical systems via derivative-variable correlations. Sci. Rep. 4, 5030.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stott, P.A., Stone, D.A., Allen, M.R., 2004. Human contribution to the European heatwave of 2003. Nature 432, 610–614.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bauer, A., Westkämper, F., Grimme, S., Bach, T., 2005. Catalytic enantioselective reactions driven by photoinduced electron transfer. Nature 436, 1139–1140.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ford, I., 2013. Statistical Physics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Djokić, S. (Ed.), 2016. Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Applications of Electrochemistry, Modern Aspects of Electrochemistry. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Lücke, J., 2005. Dynamics of Cortical Columns – Sensitive Decision Making, in: Duch, W., Kacprzyk, J., Oja, E., Zadrożny, S. (Eds.), Artificial Neural Networks: Biological Inspirations – ICANN 2005: 15th International Conference, Warsaw, Poland, September 11-15, 2005. Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 25–30.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychiatric Research.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Isolated Hunter-Gatherers Living in the Amazon Have The Most Diverse Microbiome Ever Documented In Humans [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1989. ADP Systems: SSA Efforts in Implementing Its Field Office Modernization (No. IMTEC-89-45). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McGaughey, K.M., 2017. Textural juxtaposition: Representing the natural and the human in Elements (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Witz, B., 2017. A Button-Down Game Gets a Needed Pinch of Pizazz. New York Times B18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Penner, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Levnajić and Pikovsky, 2014; Penner, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Levnajić and Pikovsky, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Bauer et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychiatric Research
AbbreviationJ. Psychiatr. Res.
ISSN (print)0022-3956
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

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