How to format your references using the Journal of Psychiatric Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychiatric Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cheung, F., 2011. Modern TCM: Enter the clinic. Nature 480, S94-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lau, H., Maniscalco, B., 2010. Neuroscience. Should confidence be trusted? Science 329, 1478–1479.
A journal article with 3 authors
Doeller, C.F., Barry, C., Burgess, N., 2010. Evidence for grid cells in a human memory network. Nature 463, 657–661.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Niven, J.E., Vähäsöyrinki, M., Kauranen, M., Hardie, R.C., Juusola, M., Weckström, M., 2003. The contribution of Shaker K+ channels to the information capacity of Drosophila photoreceptors. Nature 421, 630–634.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burger, M., Graeber, B., Schindlmayr, G., 2014. Managing Energy Risk. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Dolšek, M. (Ed.), 2011. Protection of Built Environment Against Earthquakes. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Gemzöe, L., 2016. Working the Way to Santiago de Compostela: Masculinities and Spiritualities of Capitalism, in: Gemzöe, L., Keinänen, M.-L., Maddrell, A. (Eds.), Contemporary Encounters in Gender and Religion: European Perspectives. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 77–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychiatric Research.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. People With Autism Make More Logical Decisions [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Space Research: Content and Coordination of Space Science and Technology Strategy Need to Be More Robust (No. GAO-11-722). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stadalis, M.D., 2015. Development of a Conceptual Model and Instrument for Sustaining Successful School Reculturing and Reform Efforts (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2009. Sorting Out their Goals, and Options. New York Times WE7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cheung, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Cheung, 2011; Lau and Maniscalco, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lau and Maniscalco, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Niven et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychiatric Research
AbbreviationJ. Psychiatr. Res.
ISSN (print)0022-3956
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

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