How to format your references using the Journal of Psychiatric Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychiatric Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lloyd, S., 2008. Quantum information matters. Science 319, 1209–1211.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hong, S.Y., Kalnay, E., 2000. Role of sea surface temperature and soil-moisture feedback in the 1998 Oklahoma-Texas drought. Nature 408, 842–844.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hinrichs, K.-U., Hmelo, L.R., Sylva, S.P., 2003. Molecular fossil record of elevated methane levels in late Pleistocene coastal waters. Science 299, 1214–1217.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fujishiro, A., Kaneko, H., Kawashima, T., Ishida, M., Kawano, T., 2014. In vivo neuronal action potential recordings via three-dimensional microscale needle-electrode arrays. Sci. Rep. 4, 4868.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hammes, G.G., 2005. Spectroscopy for the Biological Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Linawati, Mahendra, M.S., Neuhold, E.J., Tjoa, A.M., You, I. (Eds.), 2014. Information and Communication Technology: Second IFIP TC5/8 International Conference, ICT-EurAsia 2014, Bali, Indonesia, April 14-17, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chamlagain, D., Gautam, D., 2015. Seismic Hazard in the Himalayan Intermontane Basins: An Example from Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, in: Nibanupudi, H.K., Shaw, R. (Eds.), Mountain Hazards and Disaster Risk Reduction, Disaster Risk Reduction. Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp. 73–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychiatric Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. It’s Time To Fix Our Outdated Guidelines For Human Vaccine Trials [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Information Technology: Census Bureau Testing of 2010 Decennial Systems Can Be Strengthened (No. GAO-09-414T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Powell, J.R., 2013. Ocean fronts in the Southern California Current System and their role in structuring zooplankton distributions, diel vertical migration, and size composition (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B., 2017. The Promoter Is an Indie. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Diamond, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Paszkowski, 2015; Worlock, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hong and Kalnay, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychiatric Research
AbbreviationJ. Psychiatr. Res.
ISSN (print)0022-3956
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

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