How to format your references using the Journal of Psychiatric Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Psychiatric Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Azoulay, P., 2012. Research efficiency: Turn the scientific method on ourselves. Nature 484, 31–32.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zaki, N., Mora, A., 2014. A comparative analysis of computational approaches and algorithms for protein subcomplex identification. Sci. Rep. 4, 4262.
A journal article with 3 authors
Inaba, M., Buszczak, M., Yamashita, Y.M., 2015. Nanotubes mediate niche-stem-cell signalling in the Drosophila testis. Nature 523, 329–332.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gu, L., Livenere, J.E., Zhu, G., Tumkur, T.U., Hu, H., Cortes, C.L., Jacob, Z., Prokes, S.M., Noginov, M.A., 2014. Angular distribution of emission from hyperbolic metamaterials. Sci. Rep. 4, 7327.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartlett, D., Moody, S., Kindersley, K., 2010. Dyslexia in the Workplace. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Cohen, I., 2009. Noise Reduction in Speech Processing, Springer Topics in Signal Processing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Pozio, E., Gomez-Morales, M.A., 2014. Clonorchiasis and Opisthorchiasis, in: Bruschi, F. (Ed.), Helminth Infections and Their Impact on Global Public Health. Springer, Vienna, pp. 123–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Psychiatric Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Pluto Scientists Were Masters Of The Long Haul – Here’s How People Stick With Extremely Long-Term Goals [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Small Business Research Programs: Agencies Did Not Consistently Comply with Spending and Reporting Requirements (No. GAO-14-567T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duan, C., 2004. Dynamic Analysis of Dry Friction Path in a Torsional System (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson, K., Pilon, M., 2012. Marathon Officials Determining How to Proceed. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Azoulay, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Azoulay, 2012; Zaki and Mora, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zaki and Mora, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Gu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Psychiatric Research
AbbreviationJ. Psychiatr. Res.
ISSN (print)0022-3956
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health
Biological Psychiatry

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