How to format your references using the Journal of Petrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Petrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fisher, C. B. (2006). Public health. Clinical trials results databases: unanswered questions. Science (New York, N.Y.) 311, 180–181.
A journal article with 2 authors
de Wit, J. & Seager, S. (2013). Constraining exoplanet mass from transmission spectroscopy. Science (New York, N.Y.) 342, 1473–1477.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kärkäs, M. D., Matsuura, B. S. & Stephenson, C. R. J. (2015). ORGANIC CHEMISTRY. Enchained by visible light-mediated photoredox catalysis. Science (New York, N.Y.) 349, 1285–1286.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Iriarte, J., Holst, I., Marozzi, O., Listopad, C., Alonso, E., Rinderknecht, A. & Montaña, J. (2004). Evidence for cultivar adoption and emerging complexity during the mid-Holocene in the La Plata basin. Nature 432, 614–617.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grimble, M. J. (2006). Robust Industrial Control Systems. Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Mödersheim, S. & Palamidessi, C. (eds) (2012). Theory of Security and Applications: Joint Workshop, TOSCA 2011, Saarbrücken, Germany, March 31 - April 1, 2011, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Rogers, E. S. & MacDonald-Wilson, K. L. (2011). Vocational Capacity among Individuals with Mental Health Disabilities. In: Schultz, I. Z. & Rogers, E. S. (eds) Work Accommodation and Retention in Mental Health. New York, NY: Springer, 73–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Petrology.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). PETA Runs Deceptive Campaign About Autism. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014). Explosives Detection Canines: TSA Has Taken Steps to Analyze Canine Team Data and Assess the Effectiveness of Passenger Screening Canines. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhong, A. (2017). Product Development Considerations for a Nutrient Rich Bar Using Cricket (Acheta domesticus) Protein. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017). Junction 48. New York Times, 2 March, page C10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fisher, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Fisher, 2006; de Wit and Seager, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (de Wit and Seager, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Iriarte et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Petrology
ISSN (print)0022-3530
ISSN (online)1460-2415
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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