How to format your references using the Journal of Petrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Petrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kahan, D. (2010). Fixing the communications failure. Nature 463, 296–297.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cooper, B. G. & Goller, F. (2004). Multimodal signals: enhancement and constraint of song motor patterns by visual display. Science (New York, N.Y.) 303, 544–546.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, G., Liu, C. & Fan, S. (2013). Directly measuring of thermal pulse transfer in one-dimensional highly aligned carbon nanotubes. Scientific reports 3, 2549.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Feuillet-Palma, C., Todorov, Y., Vasanelli, A. & Sirtori, C. (2013). Strong near field enhancement in THz nano-antenna arrays. Scientific reports 3, 1361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Islam, M. R., Chhetri, A. B. & Khan, M. M. (2010). The Greening of Petroleum Operations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wang, R. & Pan, X. (eds) (2016). Advances in Cognitive Neurodynamics (V): Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Cognitive Neurodynamics - 2015. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Appelmann, I., Liersch, R., Kessler, T., Mesters, R. M. & Berdel, W. E. (2010). Angiogenesis Inhibition in Cancer Therapy. In: Liersch, R., Berdel, W. E. & Kessler, T. (eds) Angiogenesis Inhibition. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 51–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Petrology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). The Case For Nuclear Power – Despite The Risks. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001). District of Columbia: D.C. Public Schools Inappropriately Used Gas Utility Contract for Renovations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Goldner, V. R. (2010). Arizona nurses’ attitudes toward legislated minimum staffing ratios: Impact on the workplace. Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ, University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007). Court Hears Arguments Linking Right to Sue and Spending on Religion. New York Times, 1 March, page A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kahan, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Cooper and Goller, 2004; Kahan, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cooper and Goller, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Feuillet-Palma et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Petrology
ISSN (print)0022-3530
ISSN (online)1460-2415
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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