How to format your references using the Journal of Petrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Petrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baughman, R. H. (2007). Retrospective. Alan G. MacDiarmid (1927-2007). Science (New York, N.Y.) 315, 1678.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richards, T. A. & Gomes, S. L. (2015). Protistology: How to build a microbial eye. Nature 523, 166–167.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, S.-H., Chen, W.-R. & Mallamace, F. (2003). The glass-to-glass transition and its end point in a copolymer micellar system. Science (New York, N.Y.) 300, 619–622.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Wei, Z. et al. (2010). Nanoscale tunable reduction of graphene oxide for graphene electronics. Science (New York, N.Y.) 328, 1373–1376.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Utsuro, M. & Ignatovich, V. K. (2010). Handbook of Neutron Optics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Korbicz, J. & Kowal, M. (eds) (2014). Intelligent Systems in Technical and Medical Diagnostics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bona, C., Bona-Casas, C. & Palenzuela-Luque, C. (2009). First-Order Hyperbolic Systems. In: Palenzuela-Luque, C. & Bona-Casas, C. (eds) Elements of Numerical Relativity and Relativistic Hydrodynamics: From Einstein’ s Equations to Astrophysical Simulations. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 79–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Petrology.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016). Scientists Hypnotize Baby Sea Turtles For Science. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014). Commercial Space Launches: FAA’s Risk Assessment Process Is Not Yet Updated. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adrian, D. E. (2009). School scheduling models and the achievement of at-risk students: A causal-comparative study. Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ, University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. (2013). Top Sprinters Test Positive, Jolting Track World. New York Times, 15 July, page A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baughman, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Baughman, 2007; Richards and Gomes, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richards and Gomes, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Wei et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Petrology
ISSN (print)0022-3530
ISSN (online)1460-2415
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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