How to format your references using the Journal of Petrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Petrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goonatilake, S. (2000). Many paths to enlightenment. Nature 405, 399.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cowan, C. R. & Hyman, A. A. (2004). Centrosomes direct cell polarity independently of microtubule assembly in C. elegans embryos. Nature 431, 92–96.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mullen, K. T., Kim, Y. J. & Gheiratmand, M. (2014). Contrast normalization in colour vision: the effect of luminance contrast on colour contrast detection. Scientific reports 4, 7350.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Leigh, D. A., Wong, J. K. Y., Dehez, F. & Zerbetto, F. (2003). Unidirectional rotation in a mechanically interlocked molecular rotor. Nature 424, 174–179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Calloway, J. (2007). Work Like You’re Showing Off! Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rykov, V. V., Balakrishnan, N. & Nikulin, M. S. (eds) (2010). Mathematical and Statistical Models and Methods in Reliability: Applications to Medicine, Finance, and Quality Control. Boston, MA: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Garber, P. A. & Porter, L. M. (2010). The Ecology of Exudate Production and Exudate Feeding in Saguinus and Callimico. In: Burrows, A. M. & Nash, L. T. (eds) The Evolution of Exudativory in Primates. New York, NY: Springer, 89–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Petrology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013). The Science of the Obesity Epidemic. IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2014). Information Technology: Leveraging Best Practices and Reform Initiatives Can Help Agencies Better Manage Investments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tucker, T. N. (2014). Virtual K-12 leadership: A postmodern paradigm. Doctoral dissertation, Boca Raton, FL, Florida Atlantic University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Haigney, S. (2017). Roman Polanski Is Accused of Rape by a Former Actress. New York Times, 3 October, page C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goonatilake, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Goonatilake, 2000; Cowan and Hyman, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cowan and Hyman, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Leigh et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Petrology
ISSN (print)0022-3530
ISSN (online)1460-2415
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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