How to format your references using the Journal of Petrology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Petrology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rowan, R. (2004). Coral bleaching: thermal adaptation in reef coral symbionts. Nature 430, 742.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sekiya, S. & Suzuki, A. (2011). Direct conversion of mouse fibroblasts to hepatocyte-like cells by defined factors. Nature 475, 390–393.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kinnunen, J., Rodríguez, M. & Törmä, P. (2004). Pairing gap and in-gap excitations in trapped fermionic superfluids. Science (New York, N.Y.) 305, 1131–1133.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Ghosh, S., Rosenbaum, T. F., Aeppli, G. & Coppersmith, S. N. (2003). Entangled quantum state of magnetic dipoles. Nature 425, 48–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pandey, J. N. (1995). The Hilbert Transform of Schwartz Distributions and Applications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dolev, S., Haist, T. & Oltean, M. (eds) (2008). Optical SuperComputing: First International Workshop, OSC 2008, Vienna, Austria, August 26, 2008. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Camacho, F. A. (2008). Macroalgal and Cyanobacterial Chemical Defenses in Freshwater Communities. In: Amsler, C. D. (ed.) Algal Chemical Ecology. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 105–119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Petrology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Who Really Benefits From The ‘Internet Space Race’? IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1971). Assessment of the Teacher Corps Program at the University of Southern California and Participating Schools in Tulare County Serving Rural-Migrant Children. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Myers, R. E. (2010). Moderating the effectiveness of messages to promote physical activity in type 2 diabetes. Doctoral dissertation, Tampa, FL, University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002). A Glimpse of Vaudeville In a Renovated Movie House. New York Times, 6 January, page 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rowan, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Rowan, 2004; Sekiya and Suzuki, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sekiya and Suzuki, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Ghosh et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Petrology
ISSN (print)0022-3530
ISSN (online)1460-2415
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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