How to format your references using the European Journal of Operational Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Operational Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Erdik, M. (2013). Geophysics. Earthquake risk in Turkey. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6147), 724–725.
A journal article with 2 authors
Makova, K. D., & Li, W.-H. (2002). Strong male-driven evolution of DNA sequences in humans and apes. Nature, 416(6881), 624–626.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stairs, I. H., Lyne, A. G., & Shemar, S. L. (2000). Evidence for free precession in a pulsar. Nature, 406(6795), 484–486.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, Y., Li, Y.-L., Zhou, G.-T., Li, H., Lin, Y.-T., Xiao, X., & Wang, F.-P. (2014). Biomineralization mediated by anaerobic methane-consuming cell consortia. Scientific Reports, 4, 5696.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ben Chouikha, M. (2016). Organizational Design for Knowledge Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fukuda, T. (2013). Micro-Nanorobotic Manipulation Systems and Their Applications (F. Arai & M. Nakajima, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Logan, C. (2016). Risk Formulation: The New Frontier in Risk Assessment and Management. In D. R. Laws & W. O’Donohue (Eds.), Treatment of Sex Offenders: Strengths and Weaknesses in Assessment and Intervention (pp. 83–105). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Operational Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, October 14). Orcas Tracked From Above. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1969). Federal Support for Research and Education: Costs and Benefits (No. 091170). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clayton-Clark, C. (2012). Academic performance strategies implemented by successful California superintendents in low-performing school districts [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, June 3). Fitting More Into That Bag. New York Times, E4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Erdik, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Erdik, 2013; Makova & Li, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Makova & Li, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Stairs et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Operational Research
AbbreviationEur. J. Oper. Res.
ISSN (print)0377-2217
ScopeInformation Systems and Management
Management Science and Operations Research
Modelling and Simulation

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