How to format your references using the European Journal of Operational Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Operational Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marx, V. (2015). Tissue engineering: Organs from the lab. Nature, 522(7556), 373–377.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richards-Kortum, R., & Oden, M. (2013). Engineering. Devices for low-resource health care. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6162), 1055–1057.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mendoza, M., Succi, S., & Herrmann, H. J. (2013). Flow through randomly curved manifolds. Scientific Reports, 3, 3106.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rieger, M. A., Lamond, M., Preston, C., Powles, S. B., & Roush, R. T. (2002). Pollen-mediated movement of herbicide resistance between commercial canola fields. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5577), 2386–2388.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Elias, H.-G. (2006). Macromolecules. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Möller, B. (2007). Uncertainty Forecasting in Engineering (U. Reuter, Ed.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Horn, D., Wagner, T., Biermann, D., Weihs, C., & Bischl, B. (2015). Model-Based Multi-objective Optimization: Taxonomy, Multi-Point Proposal, Toolbox and Benchmark. In A. Gaspar-Cunha, C. Henggeler Antunes, & C. C. Coello (Eds.), Evolutionary Multi-Criterion Optimization: 8th International Conference, EMO 2015, Guimarães, Portugal, March 29 --April 1, 2015. Proceedings, Part I (pp. 64–78). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Operational Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, September 6). Giant Alien-Like “Shrimp” Caught Off Florida Is Identified. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Whole-Body Irradiation Program at the University of Cincinnati Medical Center, and DOD’s Policy on the Use of Human Subjects for Medical Research (B-164031(2)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chirwa, K. U. (2017). Encumbered Existence: A Three Movement Work for Jazz Orchestra [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., Schmitt, E., & Mazzetti, M. (2017, June 29). Ousted Saudi Prince Said To Be Confined to Palace. New York Times, A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marx, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Marx, 2015; Richards-Kortum & Oden, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richards-Kortum & Oden, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Mendoza et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Rieger et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Operational Research
AbbreviationEur. J. Oper. Res.
ISSN (print)0377-2217
ScopeInformation Systems and Management
Management Science and Operations Research
Modelling and Simulation

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