How to format your references using the European Journal of Operational Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Operational Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elvis, M. (2012). Let’s mine asteroids--for science and profit. Nature, 485(7400), 549.
A journal article with 2 authors
Welsh, R. M., & Selin, L. K. (2009). Attrition of memory CD8 T cells. Nature, 459(7247), E3-4; discussion E4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marty, B., Dewonck, S., & France-Lanord, C. (2003). Geochemical evidence for efficient aquifer isolation over geological timeframes. Nature, 425(6953), 55–58.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zohar, Y. C., Yochelis, S., Dahmen, K. A., Jung, G., & Paltiel, Y. (2013). Controlling avalanche criticality in 2D nano arrays. Scientific Reports, 3, 1845.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lane, C. (2011). Magnolia. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Satchell, S. (Ed.). (2016). Asset Management: Portfolio Construction, Performance and Returns. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bujak, A., Śliwa, Z., & Gębczyńska, A. (2010). Technological Support for Logistics Transportation Systems. In J. Mikulski (Ed.), Transport Systems Telematics: 10th Conference, TST 2010, Katowice – Ustroń, Poland, October 20-23, 2010. Selected Papers (pp. 38–50). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Operational Research.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, February 23). Genetic Legacies Reveal Differing Migration Patterns Of Settlement And Conquest. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1985). U.S. Citizens Studying Medicine Abroad (No. 128595). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Diniega, S. (2010). Modeling aeolian dune and dune field evolution [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., & MacFARQUHAR, N. (2016, December 29). New Cease-Fire Begins in Syria, but Violations Are Reported Within Hours. New York Times, A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Elvis, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Elvis, 2012; Welsh & Selin, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Welsh & Selin, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Marty et al., 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (Zohar et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Operational Research
AbbreviationEur. J. Oper. Res.
ISSN (print)0377-2217
ScopeInformation Systems and Management
Management Science and Operations Research
Modelling and Simulation

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