How to format your references using the European Journal of Operational Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Operational Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Judson, H. F. (2001). Talking about the genome. Nature, 409(6822), 769.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hannisdal, B., & Peters, S. E. (2011). Phanerozoic Earth system evolution and marine biodiversity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6059), 1121–1124.
A journal article with 3 authors
Che, H., Drake, J. F., & Swisdak, M. (2011). A current filamentation mechanism for breaking magnetic field lines during reconnection. Nature, 474(7350), 184–187.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pandur, P., Läsche, M., Eisenberg, L. M., & Kühl, M. (2002). Wnt-11 activation of a non-canonical Wnt signalling pathway is required for cardiogenesis. Nature, 418(6898), 636–641.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mack, I. (2014). Energy Trading and Risk Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Sassa, K., Canuti, P., & Yin, Y. (Eds.). (2014). Landslide Science for a Safer Geoenvironment: Vol.1: The International Programme on Landslides (IPL). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Satoh, M., Yamane-Ohnuki, N., Mori, K., Niwa, R., Shinkawa, T., Imai, H., Kuni-Kamochi, R., Nakano, R., Yamano, K., Kanda, Y., Iida, S., Uchida, K., & Shitara, K. (2006). Generation of an industrially ideal host cell line for producing completely-defucosylated antibody with enhanced antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC). In S. Iijima & K.-I. Nishijima (Eds.), Animal Cell Technology: Basic & Applied Aspects (pp. 39–46). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Operational Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, July 21). Why so many domesticated mammals have floppy ears. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Educational Laboratory and Research and Development Center Programs Need To Be Strengthened (B-164031(1)). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moton, J. M. (2012). Investigation of low temperature solid oxide fuel cells for air-independent UUV applications [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, April 24). Court Hears Arguments on Burden of Proof in Age Suits. New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Judson, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Hannisdal & Peters, 2011; Judson, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hannisdal & Peters, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Che et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pandur et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Operational Research
AbbreviationEur. J. Oper. Res.
ISSN (print)0377-2217
ScopeInformation Systems and Management
Management Science and Operations Research
Modelling and Simulation

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