How to format your references using the Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier Q (2000) Call for more accelerator research. Nature 405:988
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang T, Overgaard J (2007) Ecology. The heartbreak of adapting to global warming. Science 315:49–50
A journal article with 3 authors
Li LY, Luo X, Wang X (2001) Endonuclease G is an apoptotic DNase when released from mitochondria. Nature 412:95–99
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Burrows MT, Schoeman DS, Buckley LB, et al (2011) The pace of shifting climate in marine and terrestrial ecosystems. Science 334:652–655

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geotechni, Laackmann K, Balthaus H, et al (2015) Taschenbuch für den Tunnelbau 2015. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Sandkuhl K, Seigerroth U, Stirna J (eds) (2012) The Practice of Enterprise Modeling: 5th IFIP WG 8.1 Working Conference, PoEM 2012, Rostock, Germany, November 7-8, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Hoa NT, Bui TD, Dang TK (2013) Efficiency Improvements for Fuzzy Associative Memory. In: Guo C, Hou Z-G, Zeng Z (eds) Advances in Neural Networks – ISNN 2013: 10th International Symposium on Neural Networks, Dalian, China, July 4-6, 2013, Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 36–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2013) Forces of Evolution. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Waste From School Lunches. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ackerina J (2012) The call of public service: Motivation and professional commitment in education. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Garner D (2014) 15 Minutes of Fame? Try 1,500 Years. New York Times MM40

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Schiermeier 2000; Wang and Overgaard 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Overgaard 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Burrows et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology
AbbreviationJ. Pet. Explor. Prod. Technol.
ISSN (print)2190-0558
ISSN (online)2190-0566
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
General Energy

Other styles