How to format your references using the Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Choi JR (2014) A novel method for analyzing complicated quantum behaviors of light waves in oscillating turbulent plasma. Sci Rep 4:6880
A journal article with 2 authors
Grande C, Patel NH (2009) Nodal signalling is involved in left-right asymmetry in snails. Nature 457:1007–1011
A journal article with 3 authors
Ochedowski O, Bussmann BK, Schleberger M (2014) Graphene on mica - intercalated water trapped for life. Sci Rep 4:6003
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hulot G, Eymin C, Langlais B, et al (2002) Small-scale structure of the geodynamo inferred from Oersted and Magsat satellite data. Nature 416:620–623

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sage AP, Rouse WB (2011) Economic Systems Analysis and Assessment. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Pescatori M (2008) Imaging Atlas of the Pelvic Floor and Anorectal Diseases. Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
Ata A (2009) Novel Bioactive Natural Products from Marine and Terrestrial Sources. In: Şener B (ed) Innovations in Chemical Biology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 51–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology.

Blog post
Luntz S (2015) Survival Of Dust Disks Near Galactic Center A Mystery. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995) Space Shuttle: Declining Budget and Tight Schedule Could Jeopardize Space Station Support. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hasan SN (2012) Design and optimization of 2012 Formula SAE chassis with finite element analysis for CSULB. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J (2017) New Archbishop in Newark Cites ‘Chasm Between Life and Faith.’ New York Times A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Choi 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Grande and Patel 2009; Choi 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grande and Patel 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Hulot et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology
AbbreviationJ. Pet. Explor. Prod. Technol.
ISSN (print)2190-0558
ISSN (online)2190-0566
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
General Energy

Other styles