How to format your references using the Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lemstra PJ (2009) Materials science. Confined polymers crystallize. Science 323:725–726
A journal article with 2 authors
Lafuerza LF, Toral R (2013) On the effect of heterogeneity in stochastic interacting-particle systems. Sci Rep 3:1189
A journal article with 3 authors
González MC, Hidalgo CA, Barabási A-L (2008) Understanding individual human mobility patterns. Nature 453:779–782
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kim H-D, Yun MJ, Lee JH, et al (2014) Transparent multi-level resistive switching phenomena observed in ITO/RGO/ITO memory cells by the sol-gel dip-coating method. Sci Rep 4:4614

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tang C (2016) The Data Industry: The Business and Economics of Information and Big Data. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bandyopadhyay SK, Adi W, Kim T-H, Xiao Y (eds) (2010) Information Security and Assurance: 4th International Conference, ISA 2010, Miyazaki, Japan, June 23-25, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Kasana RC, Panwar NR, Kaul RK, Kumar P (2016) Copper Nanoparticles in Agriculture: Biological Synthesis and Antimicrobial Activity. In: Ranjan S, Dasgupta N, Lichtfouse E (eds) Nanoscience in Food and Agriculture 3. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 129–143

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Bendy, Tactile Electronic Skin for Robots & Prosthetics. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) HUD Information Systems: Improved Management Practices Needed to Control Integration Cost and Schedule. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pigott C (2016) School Resource Officers and the School-to-Prison Pipeline: Discovering Trends of Expulsions in Public Schools. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yanagihara H (2017) Nowhere Man. New York Times M2128

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lemstra 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Lemstra 2009; Lafuerza and Toral 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lafuerza and Toral 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology
AbbreviationJ. Pet. Explor. Prod. Technol.
ISSN (print)2190-0558
ISSN (online)2190-0566
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
General Energy

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