How to format your references using the Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ambros V (2004) The functions of animal microRNAs. Nature 431:350–355
A journal article with 2 authors
Olson P, Hanahan D (2009) Cancer. Breaching the cancer fortress. Science 324:1400–1401
A journal article with 3 authors
Wong KM, Suchard MA, Huelsenbeck JP (2008) Alignment uncertainty and genomic analysis. Science 319:473–476
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Balsam LB, Wagers AJ, Christensen JL, et al (2004) Haematopoietic stem cells adopt mature haematopoietic fates in ischaemic myocardium. Nature 428:668–673

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zirngibl L (2005) Antifungal Azoles. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Wong PC, Miller-Hance WC (eds) (2014) Transesophageal Echocardiography for Congenital Heart Disease. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Medwed M, Schmidt J-M (2009) Coding Schemes for Arithmetic and Logic Operations - How Robust Are They? In: Youm HY, Yung M (eds) Information Security Applications: 10th International Workshop, WISA 2009, Busan, Korea, August 25-27, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 51–65

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) Iconic Arecibo Observatory Faces Closure Due To Lack Of Funding. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Training Necessary to Address Data Reliability Issues in NASA Agreement Database and to Minimize Potential Competition with Commercial Sector. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Heatlie JM (2015) Effects of Simulation on Senior Nursing Students’ Patient Safety Competence: A Quantitative Study. Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J (2017) Hackers Briefly Seize HBO’s Twitter Account in the Latest in a Series of Breaches. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ambros 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Ambros 2004; Olson and Hanahan 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Olson and Hanahan 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Balsam et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Petroleum Exploration and Production Technology
AbbreviationJ. Pet. Explor. Prod. Technol.
ISSN (print)2190-0558
ISSN (online)2190-0566
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
General Energy

Other styles