How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dickinson, D.K., 2011. Teachers’ language practices and academic outcomes of preschool children. Science 333, 964–967.
A journal article with 2 authors
Andersson, A.F., Banfield, J.F., 2008. Virus population dynamics and acquired virus resistance in natural microbial communities. Science 320, 1047–1050.
A journal article with 3 authors
Piscitelli, C.L., Krishnamurthy, H., Gouaux, E., 2010. Neurotransmitter/sodium symporter orthologue LeuT has a single high-affinity substrate site. Nature 468, 1129–1132.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Borden, J.H., Marland, G., Schlamadinger, B., Matthews, R., Schulze, E.D., Wirth, C., Heimann, M., 2000. “Kyoto forests” and a broader perspective on management. Science 290, 1895c–986c.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCall, M.W., 2010. Classical Mechanics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Lyche, T., 2014. Exercises in Computational Mathematics with MATLAB, Problem Books in Mathematics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Consigli, G., Tria, M. di, Gaffo, M., Iaquinta, G., Moriggia, V., Uristani, A., 2011. Dynamic Portfolio Management for Property and Casualty Insurance, in: Bertocchi, M., Consigli, G., Dempster, M.A.H. (Eds.), Stochastic Optimization Methods in Finance and Energy: New Financial Products and Energy Market Strategies, International Series in Operations Research & Management Science. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 99–124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Do You Have A Lower Attention Span Than A Goldfish? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Federal Communications Commission: Provision for the Use of the 220-222 MHz Band by Private Land Mobile Radio Service and Final Rule (No. OGC-97-35). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wheeler, J.A., 2012. The Scaling of High Harmonics with Mid-Infrared Driving Fields and a Method for the Spatial Isolation of Individual Subfemtosecond Pulses (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wray, J., 2014. I Am the Real Nick Cave. New York Times MM18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dickinson, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Andersson and Banfield, 2008; Dickinson, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Andersson and Banfield, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Borden et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Economics
AbbreviationJ. Comp. Econ.
ISSN (print)0147-5967
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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