How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Collier, R.J., 2010. Microbiology. Salmonella’s safety catch. Science 328, 981–982.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwartz, D., Collins, F., 2007. Medicine. Environmental biology and human disease. Science 316, 695–696.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zanardi, I., Zifarelli, G., Pusch, M., 2013. An optical assay of the transport activity of ClC-7. Sci. Rep. 3, 1231.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Boilard, E., Nigrovic, P.A., Larabee, K., Watts, G.F.M., Coblyn, J.S., Weinblatt, M.E., Massarotti, E.M., Remold-O’Donnell, E., Farndale, R.W., Ware, J., Lee, D.M., 2010. Platelets amplify inflammation in arthritis via collagen-dependent microparticle production. Science 327, 580–583.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shaw, M.T., 2011. Introduction to Polymer Rheology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Havelund, K., Majumdar, R., Palsberg, J. (Eds.), 2008. Model Checking Software: 15th International SPIN Workshop, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 10-12, 2008 Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Harris, P., Garcia, M.B., 2016. To Fall Is Human: Falls, Gait, and Balance in Older Adults, in: Lindquist, L.A. (Ed.), New Directions in Geriatric Medicine: Concepts, Trends, and Evidence-Based Practice. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 71–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. US Air Force’s Secret Space Plane Continues To Mystify [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. National Science Foundation Management Review of Research Grant Award Recommendations (No. PAD-82-49). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pobat, M., 2012. It is all in the Mind of the Manager—Using Cognitive Complexity to Explore the Global Mindset—A Comparative Case Study (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Binder, S., 2017. A Disaster Wrapped In Victory. New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Collier, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Collier, 2010; Schwartz and Collins, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schwartz and Collins, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Boilard et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Economics
AbbreviationJ. Comp. Econ.
ISSN (print)0147-5967
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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