How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gravitz, L., 2015. Animal behaviour: Nested instincts. Nature 521, S60-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fischer, J., Loss, D., 2009. Physics. Dealing with decoherence. Science 324, 1277–1278.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baron-Cohen, S., Knickmeyer, R.C., Belmonte, M.K., 2005. Sex differences in the brain: implications for explaining autism. Science 310, 819–823.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Park, J.Y., Ogletree, D.F., Thiel, P.A., Salmeron, M., 2006. Electronic control of friction in silicon pn junctions. Science 313, 186.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Balfour, A., 2012. Solomon’s Temple. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Mancini, D., Dameri, R.P., Bonollo, E. (Eds.), 2016. Strengthening Information and Control Systems: The Synergy Between Information Technology and Accounting Models, Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Richter, S., 2012. Pater patriae sinensis. The Discovery of Patriarchal Rule in China and Its Significance for German Theories of State in the Eighteenth Century, in: Flüchter, A., Richter, S. (Eds.), Structures on the Move: Technologies of Governance in Transcultural Encounter, Transcultural Research – Heidelberg Studies on Asia and Europe in a Global Context. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 61–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. New Species of Hammerhead Shark Confirmed [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Land Management Systems: Major Software Development Does Not Meet BLM’s Business Needs (No. T-AIMD-99-102). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Love, K.S., 2010. Factors infleuncing job satisfaction in nurses (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Rendon, Perhaps the Best Player on the Nationals, Hides in Plain Sight. New York Times SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gravitz, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Fischer and Loss, 2009; Gravitz, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fischer and Loss, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Park et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Economics
AbbreviationJ. Comp. Econ.
ISSN (print)0147-5967
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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