How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Damasio, A., 2003. Mental self: The person within. Nature 423, 227.
A journal article with 2 authors
Des Marais, D.L., Rausher, M.D., 2008. Escape from adaptive conflict after duplication in an anthocyanin pathway gene. Nature 454, 762–765.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dickinson, D.J., Nelson, W.J., Weis, W.I., 2011. A polarized epithelium organized by beta- and alpha-catenin predates cadherin and metazoan origins. Science 331, 1336–1339.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Blosser, T.R., Yang, J.G., Stone, M.D., Narlikar, G.J., Zhuang, X., 2009. Dynamics of nucleosome remodelling by individual ACF complexes. Nature 462, 1022–1027.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tagare, D.M., 2011. Electric Power Generation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
A chapter in an edited book
Otjacques, B., Noirhomme, M., Feltz, F., 2007. Innovative Visualization Tools to Monitor Scientific Cooperative Activities, in: Luo, Y. (Ed.), Cooperative Design, Visualization, and Engineering: 4th International Conference, CDVE 2007, Shanghai, China, September 16-20, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 33–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Economics.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Kennewick Man To Be Repatriated To Pacific Northwest Tribes After DNA Tests Confirm Relationship [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Medicaid: Graduate Medical Education Payments (No. HEHS-97-77R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holliday, S., 2010. A case study of how DuPont reduced its environment footprint: The role of organizational change in sustainability (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2005. Supreme Court Takes Up 2 Cases Challenging Powers of U.S. Regulators to Protect Wetlands. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Damasio, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Damasio, 2003; Des Marais and Rausher, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Des Marais and Rausher, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Blosser et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Economics
AbbreviationJ. Comp. Econ.
ISSN (print)0147-5967
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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