How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weintraub, K., 2013. Drug development: Releasing the brakes. Nature 504, S6-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wayland, B., Fu, X., 2006. Chemistry. Building molecules with carbon monoxide reductive coupling. Science 311, 790–791.
A journal article with 3 authors
Savrasov, S.Y., Kotliar, G., Abrahams, E., 2001. Correlated electrons in delta-plutonium within a dynamical mean-field picture. Nature 410, 793–795.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Langevin, Y., Poulet, F., Bibring, J.-P., Gondet, B., 2005. Sulfates in the north polar region of Mars detected by OMEGA/Mars Express. Science 307, 1584–1586.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rimai, D.S., 2016. Patent Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Enjuanes, L. (Ed.), 2005. Coronavirus Replication and Reverse Genetics, Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Capelotti, P.J., 2015. Mobile Artifacts in the Solar System and Beyond, in: O’Leary, B.L., Capelotti, P.J. (Eds.), Archaeology and Heritage of the Human Movement into Space, Space and Society. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 49–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Economics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. New Theory Could Explain Why Hot Water Freezes Faster Than Cold Water [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Screening Partnership Program: TSA Should Issue More Guidance to Airports and Monitor Private versus Federal Screener Performance (No. GAO-13-208). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Timko, E.J., 2017. Polynomial Tuples of Commuting Isometries Constrained by 1-Dimensional Varieties (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. Film Series. New York Times C24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weintraub, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Wayland and Fu, 2006; Weintraub, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wayland and Fu, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Langevin et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Economics
AbbreviationJ. Comp. Econ.
ISSN (print)0147-5967
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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