How to format your references using the Journal of Comparative Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Comparative Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kasting, J.F., 2013. Atmospheric science. How was early Earth kept warm? Science 339, 44–45.
A journal article with 2 authors
Margolis, D., Bushman, F., 2014. HIV/AIDS. Persistence by proliferation? Science 345, 143–144.
A journal article with 3 authors
Knigge, C., Leigh, N., Sills, A., 2009. A binary origin for “blue stragglers” in globular clusters. Nature 457, 288–290.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Intlekofer, A.M., Banerjee, A., Takemoto, N., Gordon, S.M., Dejong, C.S., Shin, H., Hunter, C.A., Wherry, E.J., Lindsten, T., Reiner, S.L., 2008. Anomalous type 17 response to viral infection by CD8+ T cells lacking T-bet and eomesodermin. Science 321, 408–411.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Williams, P., 2015. Managing Measurement Risk in Building and Civil Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Falco, M.D., Iaquaniello, G., Centi, G. (Eds.), 2013. CO2: A Valuable Source of Carbon, Green Energy and Technology. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Stobbe, R., 2009. What’s measurable gets done – Communication controlling as a prerequisite for a successful reputation management, in: Klewes, J., Wreschniok, R. (Eds.), Reputation Capital: Building and Maintaining Trust in the 21st Century. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 57–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Comparative Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Scientists Discover Brain Circuit That Helps To Displace Bad Memories [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. FCC: Ka-Band Satellite Application and Licensing Procedure (No. OGC-98-15). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhu, H., 2012. Outcomes of China Free Antiretroviral Treatment Program, 2003–2010 (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2014. An Alluring Summer Song, Echoed Through Eight World Cups. New York Times SP11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kasting, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Kasting, 2013; Margolis and Bushman, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Margolis and Bushman, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Intlekofer et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Comparative Economics
AbbreviationJ. Comp. Econ.
ISSN (print)0147-5967
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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