How to format your references using the Journal of Sustainable Mining citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sustainable Mining. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kleindienst, T. E. (2009). Chemistry. Epoxying isoprene chemistry. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5941), 687–688.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deng, X. H., & Matsumoto, H. (2001). Rapid magnetic reconnection in the Earth’s magnetosphere mediated by whistler waves. Nature, 410(6828), 557–560.
A journal article with 3 authors
Willbold, M., Elliott, T., & Moorbath, S. (2011). The tungsten isotopic composition of the Earth’s mantle before the terminal bombardment. Nature, 477(7363), 195–198.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Magarkar, A., Dhawan, V., Kallinteri, P., Viitala, T., Elmowafy, M., Róg, T., & Bunker, A. (2014). Cholesterol level affects surface charge of lipid membranes in saline solution. Scientific Reports, 4, 5005.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, R. K. (2012). Visual Data Mining. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ugarkovic, D. (Ed.). (2011). Long Non-Coding RNAs (Vol. 51). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ciesla, D. J., & Moore, E. E. (2007). Fundamental Operative Approaches in Acute Care Surgery. In L. D. Britt, D. D. Trunkey, & D. V. Feliciano (Eds.), Acute Care Surgery: Principles and Practice (pp. 43–66). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sustainable Mining.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2016, November 26). Everything You Need To Know About Buying A Telescope. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1982). National Science Foundation Management Review of Research Grant Award Recommendations (PAD-82-49). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sharma, V. (2017). Functional Characterization of Na+/Ca2+ Exchangers in Caenorhabditis elegans [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hanc, J. (2017, June 7). Skills-Gap Fixes. New York Times, F4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kleindienst, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Deng & Matsumoto, 2001; Kleindienst, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Deng & Matsumoto, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Willbold et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Magarkar et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sustainable Mining
AbbreviationJ. Sustain. Min.
ISSN (print)2300-3960

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