How to format your references using the Journal of Sustainable Mining citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sustainable Mining. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gabbaï, F. P. (2013). Chemistry. Lewis acids with a difference. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6152), 1348–1349.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gokhale, V. J., & Rais-Zadeh, M. (2014). Phonon-electron interactions in piezoelectric semiconductor bulk acoustic wave resonators. Scientific Reports, 4, 5617.
A journal article with 3 authors
Briggman, K. L., Helmstaedter, M., & Denk, W. (2011). Wiring specificity in the direction-selectivity circuit of the retina. Nature, 471(7337), 183–188.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Brown, P., Spalding, R. E., ReVelle, D. O., Tagliaferri, E., & Worden, S. P. (2002). The flux of small near-Earth objects colliding with the Earth. Nature, 420(6913), 294–296.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hopkins, B. R. (2009). Starting and Managing a Nonprofit Organization. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rebennack, S., Pardalos, P. M., Pereira, M. V. F., & Iliadis, N. A. (Eds.). (2010). Handbook of Power Systems II. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Baker, N. L., & Mason, J. L. (2010). Gender Issues in Psychological Testing of Personality and Abilities. In J. C. Chrisler & D. R. McCreary (Eds.), Handbook of Gender Research in Psychology: Volume 2: Gender Research in Social and Applied Psychology (pp. 63–88). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sustainable Mining.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, July 8). Two Colossal Blobs Of Molten Rock Are Hiding Under Africa And The Pacific Ocean. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2010). K-12 Education: Selected Cases of Public and Private Schools That Hired or Retained Individuals with Histories of Sexual Misconduct (GAO-11-200). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Aquino-Centeno, S. (2009). Contesting social memories and identities in the Zapotec Sierra of Oaxaca, Mexico [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cunningham, J. (2017, June 8). Spotting Celebrities on His Lunch Break. New York Times, A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gabbaï, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Gabbaï, 2013; Gokhale & Rais-Zadeh, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gokhale & Rais-Zadeh, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Briggman et al., 2011)
  • 6 or more authors: (Brown et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sustainable Mining
AbbreviationJ. Sustain. Min.
ISSN (print)2300-3960

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