How to format your references using the Aerospace citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aerospace. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Qiu, J. China Tightens Up. Nature 2007, 448, 636–637.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stive, M.J.F.; Reniers, A.J.H.M. Geophysics. Sandbars in Motion. Science 2003, 299, 1855–1856.
A journal article with 3 authors
Young, I.R.; Zieger, S.; Babanin, A.V. Global Trends in Wind Speed and Wave Height. Science 2011, 332, 451–455.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, W.; Zhu, W.; Hendricks, G.L.; Van Tyne, D.; Steele, A.D.; Keohane, C.E.; Fricke, N.; Conery, A.L.; Shen, S.; Pan, W.; et al. A New Class of Synthetic Retinoid Antibiotics Effective against Bacterial Persisters. Nature 2018, 556, 103–107.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Donald, H.; Robert D., G. Longitudinal Data Analysis: Hedeker/Longitudinal; Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2006; ISBN 9780470036488.
An edited book
Data Management in Grids: First VLDB Workshop, DMG 2005, Trondheim, Norway, September 2-3, 2005, Revised Selected Papers; Pierson, J.-M., Ed.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006; Vol. 3836; ISBN 9783540312123.
A chapter in an edited book
Lloyd, R.V.; Scheithauer, B.W.; Horvath, E.; Kovacs, K. Tumors of the Pituitary Gland. In Surgical Pathology of Endocrine and Neuroendocrine Tumors; Khan, A., Ed.; Humana Press: Totowa, NJ, 2009; pp. 27–39 ISBN 9781603273954.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aerospace.

Blog post
Andrew, D. Could We Upload A Brain To A Computer – And Should We Even Try? Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Surface Infrastructure: High-Speed Rail Projects in the United States; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1999;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sun, Z. A Qualitative Study of Chinese Parents’ Beliefs, Involvement and Challenges in Support of Their Children’s English Language Development in China. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. A Princeton Senior Is Setting the Bar Higher. New York Times 2002, D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAerospace
ISSN (online)2226-4310

Other styles