How to format your references using the Aerospace citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aerospace. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Slonczewski, J. Tuberculosis Bacteria Join UN. Nature 2000, 405, 1001.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, J.-H.; Paull, T.T. Direct Activation of the ATM Protein Kinase by the Mre11/Rad50/Nbs1 Complex. Science 2004, 304, 93–96.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cai, Y.; Zhang, G.; Zhang, Y.-W. Layer-Dependent Band Alignment and Work Function of Few-Layer Phosphorene. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6677.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Minozzo, F.C.; Baroni, B.M.; Correa, J.A.; Vaz, M.A.; Rassier, D.E. Force Produced after Stretch in Sarcomeres and Half-Sarcomeres Isolated from Skeletal Muscles. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2320.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cherrie, J.W.; Howie, R.M.; Semple, S. Monitoring for Health Hazards at Work; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2010; ISBN 9781444323313.
An edited book
Security and Trust Management: 7th International Workshop, STM 2011, Copenhagen, Denmark, June 27-28, 2011, Revised Selected Papers; Meadows, C., Fernandez-Gago, C., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; Vol. 7170; ISBN 9783642299629.
A chapter in an edited book
S.Harmon, R. Geological Development of Panama. In The Río Chagres, Panama: A Multidisciplinary Profile of a Tropical Watershed; Harmon, R.S., Ed.; Water Science and Technology Library; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2005; pp. 45–62 ISBN 9781402032981.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aerospace.

Blog post
Andrew, E. What Is This Bizarre See-Through Creature? Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office District of Columbia: More Details Needed on Plans to Integrate Computer Systems With the Family Court and Use Federal Funds; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2002;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wansapura, A.N. The Role of Alpha Sodium,Potassium-ATPase Isoforms in Mediating Cardiac Hypertrophy in Response to Endogenous Cardiotonic Steroids. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati: Cincinnati, OH, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. A Creative Enclave That Welcomes the Eclectic. New York Times 2017, RE13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAerospace
ISSN (online)2226-4310

Other styles