How to format your references using the Aerospace citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aerospace. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brandenburg, A. Cosmology. Magnetic mysteries. Science 2001, 292, 2440–2441.
A journal article with 2 authors
Flatt, T.; Promislow, D.E.L. Physiology. Still pondering an age-old question. Science 2007, 318, 1255–1256.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, X.; Zhou, Z.; Wang, X. The smallest known non-avian theropod dinosaur. Nature 2000, 408, 705–708.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Calo, E.; Gu, B.; Bowen, M.E.; Aryan, F.; Zalc, A.; Liang, J.; Flynn, R.A.; Swigut, T.; Chang, H.Y.; Attardi, L.D.; et al. Tissue-selective effects of nucleolar stress and rDNA damage in developmental disorders. Nature 2018, 554, 112–117.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ratliff, T.A. The Laboratory Quality Assurance System; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2005; ISBN 9780471721673.
An edited book
Models in Software Engineering: Workshops and Symposia at MODELS 2008, Toulouse, France, September 28 - October 3, 2008. Reports and Revised Selected Papers; Chaudron, M.R.V., Ed.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; Vol. 5421; ISBN 9783642016479.
A chapter in an edited book
Kindler, S.; Kreienkamp, H.-J. The Role of the Postsynaptic Density in the Pathology of the Fragile X Syndrome. In Modeling Fragile X Syndrome; Denman, R.B., Ed.; Results and Problems in Cell Differentiation; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp. 61–80 ISBN 9783642216480.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aerospace.

Blog post
Andrew, E. New Perfume Smells Stronger As You Sweat Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Army’s FY 1980 Programs for Procuring Conventional Ammunition, Modernization, and Expansion; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1979;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wells, J.P. A case study of educators’ perceptions of the effects of high -stakes testing and accountability policies on high- and low-poverty middle schools in a Maryland school district. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C. Novelist and His Hero Wonder, Will It Last? New York Times 2011, A27B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAerospace
ISSN (online)2226-4310

Other styles