How to format your references using the Aerospace citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aerospace. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McGloin, D. Applied Physics: Optical Trapping for Space Mirrors. Nature 2014, 506, 437–438.
A journal article with 2 authors
Faccenna, C.; Becker, T.W. Shaping Mobile Belts by Small-Scale Convection. Nature 2010, 465, 602–605.
A journal article with 3 authors
Seiffert, E.R.; Simons, E.L.; Attia, Y. Fossil Evidence for an Ancient Divergence of Lorises and Galagos. Nature 2003, 422, 421–424.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gill, S.R.; Pop, M.; Deboy, R.T.; Eckburg, P.B.; Turnbaugh, P.J.; Samuel, B.S.; Gordon, J.I.; Relman, D.A.; Fraser-Liggett, C.M.; Nelson, K.E. Metagenomic Analysis of the Human Distal Gut Microbiome. Science 2006, 312, 1355–1359.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yang, H.; Lee, E.K. Healthcare Analytics: From Data to Knowledge to Healthcare Improvement; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, New Jersey, 2016; ISBN 9781118919392.
An edited book
Unhooking from Whiteness; Hayes, C., Hartlep, N.D., Eds.; Constructing Knowledge, Curriculum Studies in Action; SensePublishers: Rotterdam, 2013; ISBN 9789462093775.
A chapter in an edited book
Droste-Franke, B.; Paal, B.P.; Rehtanz, C.; Sauer, D.U.; Schneider, J.-P.; Schreurs, M.; Ziesemer, T. Technologies for Balancing Electrical Energy and Power. In Balancing Renewable Electricity: Energy Storage, Demand Side Management, and Network Extension from an Interdisciplinary Perspective; Paal, B.P., Rehtanz, C., Sauer, D.U., Schneider, J.-P., Schreurs, M., Ziesemer, T., Eds.; Ethics of Science and Technology Assessment; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp. 83–142 ISBN 9783642251566.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aerospace.

Blog post
Andrew, E. What Do The Other Planets In Our Solar System Smell Like? Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Emergency Communications: Various Challenges Likely to Slow Implementation of a Public Safety Broadband Network; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2012;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Edson, C. A Mixed-Methods Investigation on Contributing Factors to the Political Efficacy of Eighth Grade Students in a Suburban School District in Missouri. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University: St. Charles, MO, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M.D. Trump as Cyberbully in Chief? New Twitter Attack Draws Fire. New York Times 2016, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAerospace
ISSN (online)2226-4310

Other styles