How to format your references using the Aerospace citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aerospace. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Peters, J.W. Enzymology. A Trio of Transition Metals in Anaerobic CO2 Fixation. Science 2002, 298, 552–553.
A journal article with 2 authors
Holm, E.A.; Foiles, S.M. How Grain Growth Stops: A Mechanism for Grain-Growth Stagnation in Pure Materials. Science 2010, 328, 1138–1141.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, Z.-Y.; Sun, K.-D.; Wang, S.-Q. Enhanced Community Structure Detection in Complex Networks with Partial Background Information. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 3241.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Toudic, B.; Garcia, P.; Odin, C.; Rabiller, P.; Ecolivet, C.; Collet, E.; Bourges, P.; McIntyre, G.J.; Hollingsworth, M.D.; Breczewski, T. Hidden Degrees of Freedom in Aperiodic Materials. Science 2008, 319, 69–71.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruppel, W. Wiley GAAP for Governments 2015; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2015; ISBN 9781118979945.
An edited book
Advances in Cryptology – ASIACRYPT 2011: 17th International Conference on the Theory and Application of Cryptology and Information Security, Seoul, South Korea, December 4-8, 2011. Proceedings; Lee, D.H., Wang, X., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; Vol. 7073; ISBN 9783642253843.
A chapter in an edited book
Blondin, M.; McKenzie, P. The Complexity of Intersecting Finite Automata Having Few Final States. In Computer Science – Theory and Applications: 7th International Computer Science Symposium in Russia, CSR 2012, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, July 3-7, 2012. Proceedings; Hirsch, E.A., Karhumäki, J., Lepistö, A., Prilutskii, M., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp. 31–42 ISBN 9783642306419.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aerospace.

Blog post
Fang, J. Even Antarctica’s Stable Ice Is Melting Fast Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Public Transportation: Transit Agencies’ Actions to Address Increased Ridership Demand and Options to Help Meet Future Demand; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2010;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dodge, T. The Effects of Interactivity and Visual Realism on Children’s Cognitive Empathy toward Narrative Characters. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University: Bloomington, IN, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. Left Out of a Tiebreaker Game, Mexico Protests, but to No Avail. New York Times 2017, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAerospace
ISSN (online)2226-4310

Other styles