How to format your references using the Aerospace citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aerospace. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elliott, T. Geophysics. Caught offside. Science 2002, 295, 55–57.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heinrich, A.; Loth, S. Physics. A logical use for atoms. Science 2011, 332, 1039–1040.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, Z.M.; Delgutte, B.; Oxenham, A.J. Chimaeric sounds reveal dichotomies in auditory perception. Nature 2002, 416, 87–90.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Borra, E.F.; Seddiki, O.; Angel, R.; Eisenstein, D.; Hickson, P.; Seddon, K.R.; Worden, S.P. Deposition of metal films on an ionic liquid as a basis for a lunar telescope. Nature 2007, 447, 979–981.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reiss, E.; Shadomy, H.J.; Lyon, G.M., III Fundamental Medical Mycology; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011; ISBN 9781118101773.
An edited book
Middleware 2010: ACM/IFIP/USENIX 11th International Middleware Conference, Bangalore, India, November 29 - December 3, 2010. Proceedings; Gupta, I., Mascolo, C., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; Vol. 6452; ISBN 9783642169540.
A chapter in an edited book
Azócar Fernández, P.I.; Buchroithner, M.F. Tendencies in Contemporary Cartography. In Paradigms in Cartography: An Epistemological Review of the 20th and 21st Centuries; Buchroithner, M.F., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2014; pp. 41–64 ISBN 9783642388927.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aerospace.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Gates Foundation Will Require All Funded Research To Be Open Access Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Aviation Security: Transportation Security Administration Has Strengthened Planning to Guide Investments in Key Aviation Security Programs, but More Work Remains; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2008;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zou, X. Magneto-optical properties of ferromagnetic nanostructures on modified nanosphere templates. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. Mets, Dealing Slugger, Will Add a Player They Hope Will Be One. New York Times 2017, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAerospace
ISSN (online)2226-4310

Other styles