How to format your references using the Journal of Periodontal Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Periodontal Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Fratzl P. Materials science. A composite matter of alignmentScience 2012; 335: 177–178.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bradshaw WE, Holzapfel CM. Climate change. Evolutionary response to rapid climate changeScience 2006; 312: 1477–1478.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Zilberman D, Cao X, Jacobsen SE. ARGONAUTE4 control of locus-specific siRNA accumulation and DNA and histone methylationScience 2003; 299: 716–719.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Miyanokoshi M, Tanaka T, Tamai M, Tagawa Y-I, Wakasugi K. Expression of the rodent-specific alternative splice variant of tryptophanyl-tRNA synthetase in murine tissues and cells2013 December 11 Epub.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Sattler K. Thermische Trennverfahren. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2005.
An edited book
1.
Münch J. Software Process Definition and Management. Armbrust O, Kowalczyk M, Soto M, eds. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Erverdi N, Motro M. Distraction with Custom-Made Appliances on a Straight Vector In: Motro M, ed. Alveolar Distraction Osteogenesis: ArchWise Appliance and Technique. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015: 47–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Periodontal Research.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Adorable Baby Sloth Born At London Zoo. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/cute-baby-sloth-born-london-zoo/Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Higher Education and Disability: Education Needs a Coordinated Approach to Improve Its Assistance to Schools in Supporting Students. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Carrillo J. Parenting education curriculum for single adolescent mothers in foster care. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach, 2010. Doctoral dissertation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Williams J. Next Time, Maybe Don’t Use AirbnbNew York Times2017;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3,4).
This sentence cites four references (3,4,7,8).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Periodontal Research
AbbreviationJ. Periodontal Res.
ISSN (print)0022-3484
ISSN (online)1600-0765
ScopePeriodontics

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