How to format your references using the Journal of Periodontal Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Periodontal Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
DeWeerdt S. The beelineNature 2015; 521: S50-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shin JS, Abraham SN. Cell biology. Caveolae--not just craters in the cellular landscapeScience 2001; 293: 1447–1448.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fernandes CC, Podos J, Lundberg JG. Amazonian ecology: tributaries enhance the diversity of electric fishesScience 2004; 305: 1960–1962.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mainprice D, Tommasi A, Couvy H, Cordier P, Frost DJ. Pressure sensitivity of olivine slip systems and seismic anisotropy of Earth’s upper mantleNature 2005; 433: 731–733.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ruppel W. GAAP for Governments 2014. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
Gramelsberger G, Feichter J, eds. Climate Change and Policy: The Calculability of Climate Change and the Challenge of Uncertainty. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Brass P. Geometric Problems on Coverage in Sensor Networks In: Bárány I, Böröczky KJ, Tóth GF, Pach J, eds. Geometry — Intuitive, Discrete, and Convex: A Tribute to László Fejes Tóth. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013: 91–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Periodontal Research.

Blog post
Hale T. Stunning Video Depicts Cassini Spacecraft’s Dramatic End. IFLScience. Available at: October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Consumer Health Informatics: Emerging Issues. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez JM. Navy Supply Corps officer’s perspective on effective leadership. Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix, 2008. Doctoral dissertation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. MOSCOW: THE BALLERINA SUESNew York Times2003;E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2,4).
This sentence cites four references (2,6–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Periodontal Research
AbbreviationJ. Periodontal Res.
ISSN (print)0022-3484
ISSN (online)1600-0765

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