How to format your references using the Journal of Periodontal Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Periodontal Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Waal FBM. Behavior. Animal conformistsScience 2013; 340: 437–438.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tan LWH, Subramaniam R. Education. Science and the student entrepreneurScience 2002; 298: 1556.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spencer JP, Dineva E, Smith LB. Comment on “Infants’ perseverative search errors are induced by pragmatic misinterpretation”Science 2009; 325: 1624; author reply 1624.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gao PX, Ding Y, Mai W, Hughes WL, Lao C, Wang ZL. Conversion of zinc oxide nanobelts into superlattice-structured nanohelicesScience 2005; 309: 1700–1704.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lovejoy DA. Neuroendocrinology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2005.
An edited book
Contin A, Paolini P, Salerno R, eds. Innovative Technologies in Urban Mapping: Built Space and Mental Space. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Lauriks S, Reinersmann A, van der Roest HG, et al. Review of ICT-Based Services for Identified Unmet Needs in People with Dementia In: Mulvenna MD, Nugent CD, eds. Supporting People with Dementia Using Pervasive Health Technologies. London: Springer, 2010: 37–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Periodontal Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Scientists Study Weird Blue Lightning Jets Caught On Camera By Astronaut. IFLScience. Available at: October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Earth Observing System: Broader Involvement of the EOSDIS User Community Is Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graeter CJ. Longitudinal Study of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Subjects in the American Clinical Trial of Enzyme Potentiated Desensitization. Cincinnati, OH: University of Cincinnati, 2012. Doctoral dissertation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schembari J. A Father, a Son and the Porsche They Went In On TogetherNew York Times2016;B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (3,4).
This sentence cites four references (5–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Periodontal Research
AbbreviationJ. Periodontal Res.
ISSN (print)0022-3484
ISSN (online)1600-0765

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