How to format your references using the Journal of Periodontal Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Periodontal Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Salzberg S. The contents of the syringeNature 2008; 454: 160–161.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williamson CE, Rose KC. Environmental science. When UV meets fresh waterScience 2010; 329: 637–639.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fahrner KA, Ryu WS, Berg HC. Biomechanics: bacterial flagellar switching under loadNature 2003; 423: 938.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jin Q, Wang L, Xia C-Y, Wang Z. Spontaneous symmetry breaking in interdependent networked game2014 February 14 Epub.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lagraña F. E-mail and Behavioral Changes. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016.
An edited book
Hou MZ, Xie H, Were P, eds. Clean Energy Systems in the Subsurface: Production, Storage and Conversion: Proceedings of the 3rd Sino-German Conference “Underground Storage of CO2 and Energy”, Goslar, Germany, 21-23 May 2013. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Condrey RE, Hoffman PE, Evers DE. The Last Naturally Active Delta Complexes of the Mississippi River (LNDM): Discovery and Implications In: Day JW, Kemp GP, Freeman AM, Muth DP, eds. Perspectives on the Restoration of the Mississippi Delta: The Once and Future Delta. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2014: 33–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Periodontal Research.

Blog post
Taub B. Study Reveals How The Brains Of Criminal Psychopaths Are Wired. IFLScience. Available at: October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Questions Designed To Aid Managers and Auditors in Assessing the ADP Planning Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Allen SD. Putting out fires: How communication professionals understand and practice conflict resolution. College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park, 2014. Doctoral dissertation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. MOSCOW: FABERGÉ DISPLAYNew York Times2004;E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2,4).
This sentence cites four references (4,6–8).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Periodontal Research
AbbreviationJ. Periodontal Res.
ISSN (print)0022-3484
ISSN (online)1600-0765

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