How to format your references using the Journal of Periodontal Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Periodontal Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kostelecký VA. Precision measurement: Relativity tested with a split electronNature 2015; 517: 559–560.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Richmond BG, Strait DS. Evidence that humans evolved from a knuckle-walking ancestorNature 2000; 404: 382–385.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Tosi L, Teatini P, Strozzi T. Natural versus anthropogenic subsidence of Venice2013 September 26 Epub.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Shen X, Mizuguchi G, Hamiche A, Wu C. A chromatin remodelling complex involved in transcription and DNA processingNature 2000; 406: 541–544.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Collings S. Interpretation and Application of UK GAAP. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
1.
Agarwal RP. Regularity of Difference Equations on Banach Spaces. Cuevas C, Lizama C, eds. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Martin D, Rouncefield M, Sharrock W. Complex Organisational Responsibilities: The Ladbroke Grove Rail Inquiry In: Dewsbury G, Dobson J, eds. Responsibility and Dependable Systems. London: Springer, 2007: 66–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Periodontal Research.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. Are We Sleeping Less Than We Used To? Here Are The Facts. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/are-we-sleeping-less-than-we-used-to-here-are-the-facts/Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. University Research: Most Federal Agencies Need to Better Protect against Financial Conflicts of Interest. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Tsai H-Y. Elucidating the Role of Protein Cofactors in RNA Catalysis Using Ribonuclease P as the Model System. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University, 2006. Doctoral dissertation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly C. O.K., Google, Take a Deep BreathNew York Times2012;BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (2).
This sentence cites two references (2,4).
This sentence cites four references (2,4,7,8).

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Periodontal Research
AbbreviationJ. Periodontal Res.
ISSN (print)0022-3484
ISSN (online)1600-0765
ScopePeriodontics

Other styles