How to format your references using the Educational Research for Policy and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Research for Policy and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kung, C. (2005). A possible unifying principle for mechanosensation. Nature, 436(7051), 647–654.
A journal article with 2 authors
Devoret, M. H., & Schoelkopf, R. J. (2000). Amplifying quantum signals with the single-electron transistor. Nature, 406(6799), 1039–1046.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, K., Cao, P., & Heath, J. R. (2010). Graphene visualizes the first water adlayers on mica at ambient conditions. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5996), 1188–1191.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Deutsch, C., Sarmiento, J. L., Sigman, D. M., Gruber, N., & Dunne, J. P. (2007). Spatial coupling of nitrogen inputs and losses in the ocean. Nature, 445(7124), 163–167.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Young, S., & Smith, J. (2017). Helping Children with ADHD. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Tsihrintzis, G. A., & Jain, L. C. (Eds.). (2010). Multimedia Services in Intelligent Environments: Integrated Systems (Vol. 3). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kowalski, B. (2006). Computational Logic in an Object-Oriented World. In O. Stock & M. Schaerf (Eds.), Reasoning, Action and Interaction in AI Theories and Systems: Essays Dedicated to Luigia Carlucci Aiello (pp. 59–82). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Research for Policy and Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 4). Russian Company Announces It Is Planning To Build A Lunar Base. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Technology Transfer: NIH-Private Sector Partnership in the Development of Taxol (No. GAO-03-829). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zavarella, C. A. (2008). Computer -based instruction and remedial mathematics: A study of student retention at a Florida community college (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Maslin, J. (2017, October 25). Prosecuting For-Profit Law Schools. New York Times, p. C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kung 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Devoret and Schoelkopf 2000; Kung 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Devoret and Schoelkopf 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Deutsch et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Research for Policy and Practice
AbbreviationEduc. Res. Pol. Pr.
ISSN (print)1570-2081
ISSN (online)1573-1723
Sociology and Political Science

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