How to format your references using the Educational Research for Policy and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Research for Policy and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stringer, C. (2012). Evolution: What makes a modern human. Nature, 485(7396), 33–35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taylor, W. R., & Lin, K. (2003). Protein knots: A tangled problem. Nature, 421(6918), 25.
A journal article with 3 authors
O’Nions, K., Pitman, R., & Marsh, C. (2002). Science of nuclear warheads. Nature, 415(6874), 853–857.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sun, Z., Li, G., Wang, C., Jing, Y., Zhu, Y., Zhang, S., & Liu, Y. (2014). Community dynamics of prokaryotic and eukaryotic microbes in an estuary reservoir. Scientific reports, 4, 6966.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brodsky, B. S., & Stanley, B. (2013). The Dialectical Behavior Therapy Primer. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Eiderman, V. Y., & Samokhin, M. V. (Eds.). (2005). Selected Topics in Complex Analysis: The S. Ya. Khavinson Memorial Volume (Vol. 158). Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Briggs, M., & Bodner, G. (2005). A Model of Molecular Visualization. In J. K. Gilbert (Ed.), Visualization in Science Education (pp. 61–72). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Research for Policy and Practice.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015, July 20). “Perfect Lens” Breakthrough Could Turn Your Smartphone Into An Ultra-Powerful Microscope. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Disconnected Youth: Federal Action Could Address Some of the Challenges Faced by Local Programs That Reconnect Youth to Education and Employment (No. GAO-08-313). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schenkelberg, V. (2010). Cultural competence training: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, April 20). Scandinavian Cool That Warmed New York. New York Times, p. B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stringer 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Stringer 2012; Taylor and Lin 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Taylor and Lin 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Sun et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Research for Policy and Practice
AbbreviationEduc. Res. Pol. Pr.
ISSN (print)1570-2081
ISSN (online)1573-1723
Sociology and Political Science

Other styles