How to format your references using the Educational Research for Policy and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Research for Policy and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cochrane, M. A. (2003). Fire science for rainforests. Nature, 421(6926), 913–919.
A journal article with 2 authors
Holt, M., & Jahn, R. (2004). Neuroscience. Synaptic vesicles in the fast lane. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5666), 1986–1987.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chabre, M., Cone, R., & Saibil, H. (2003). Biophysics: is rhodopsin dimeric in native retinal rods? Nature, 426(6962), 30–1; discussion 31.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Matzel, J. E. P., Ishii, H. A., Joswiak, D., Hutcheon, I. D., Bradley, J. P., Brownlee, D., et al. (2010). Constraints on the formation age of cometary material from the NASA Stardust mission. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5977), 483–486.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Holmes, J. D. (2016). Great Myths of Education and Learning. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Navarra, A., & Tubiana, L. (Eds.). (2013). Regional Assessment of Climate Change in the Mediterranean: Volume 3: Case Studies (Vol. 52). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Koh, J. H. L., Chai, C. S., Wong, B., & Hong, H.-Y. (2015). Design Thinking and Children. In C. S. Chai, B. Wong, & H.-Y. Hong (Eds.), Design Thinking for Education: Conceptions and Applications in Teaching and Learning (pp. 47–66). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Research for Policy and Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 28). We’ve Only Monitored A Fraction Of The Barrier Reef’s Species. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). NASA Procurement: Approach to Sharing Risk Under Certain Research and Development Contracts Is Starting to Change (No. T-NSIAD-92-12). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Greene, G. L. (2015). An Analysis of the Comparison between Classroom Grades Earned with a Standards-Based Grading System and Grade-Level Assessment Scores as Measured by the Missouri Assessment Program (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cooper, M., & Walsh, M. W. (2013, February 21). Buying a Gun? States Consider Insurance Rule. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cochrane 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Cochrane 2003; Holt and Jahn 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Holt and Jahn 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Matzel et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Research for Policy and Practice
AbbreviationEduc. Res. Pol. Pr.
ISSN (print)1570-2081
ISSN (online)1573-1723
Sociology and Political Science

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