How to format your references using the Educational Research for Policy and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Educational Research for Policy and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Graf, P. (2003). Hive beetle causes a buzz in Europe. Nature, 423(6942), 793.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pfeiffer, B. E., & Foster, D. J. (2013). Hippocampal place-cell sequences depict future paths to remembered goals. Nature, 497(7447), 74–79.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nolan, D., James, I., & Mallal, S. (2005). HIV/AIDS. HIV: experiencing the pressures of modern life. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5714), 1422–1424.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, Q., He, D., Peng, F., Lei, L., Liu, P., Yin, S., et al. (2014). Unusual compression behavior of nanocrystalline CeO₂. Scientific reports, 4, 4441.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cragg, P. J. (2006). A Practical Guide to Supramolecular Chemistry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Benson, R. C. (2016). Site Characterization in Karst and Pseudokarst Terraines: Practical Strategies and Technology for Practicing Engineers, Hydrologists and Geologists. (L. B. Yuhr, Ed.) (1st ed. 2016.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Houghton, R. A. (2012). Historic Changes in Terrestrial Carbon Storage. In R. Lal, K. Lorenz, R. F. Hüttl, B. U. Schneider, & J. von Braun (Eds.), Recarbonization of the Biosphere: Ecosystems and the Global Carbon Cycle (pp. 59–82). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Educational Research for Policy and Practice.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, August 22). Scientists Develop Beer That Doesn’t Give You A Hangover. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Joint Strike Fighter Acquisition: Development Schedule Should Be Changed to Reduce Risks (No. T-NSIAD-00-132). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crumlish, S. B. (2014). Domingo Chileno: An Overture for Orchestra (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2008, May 25). Economy and All, Budgets Sail Through. New York Times, p. LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Graf 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Graf 2003; Pfeiffer and Foster 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pfeiffer and Foster 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleEducational Research for Policy and Practice
AbbreviationEduc. Res. Pol. Pr.
ISSN (print)1570-2081
ISSN (online)1573-1723
Sociology and Political Science

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