How to format your references using the Journal of Counseling Psychology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Counseling Psychology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Showalter, M. R. (2005). Planetary science. Saturn’s strangest ring becomes curiouser and curiouser. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5752), 1287–1288.
A journal article with 2 authors
Snir, Y., & Kamien, R. D. (2005). Entropically driven helix formation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5712), 1067.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tang, Z., Kotov, N. A., & Giersig, M. (2002). Spontaneous organization of single CdTe nanoparticles into luminescent nanowires. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5579), 237–240.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dolling, G., Enkrich, C., Wegener, M., Soukoulis, C. M., & Linden, S. (2006). Simultaneous negative phase and group velocity of light in a metamaterial. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5775), 892–894.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cox, I., Gaudard, M. A., & Stephens, M. L. (2016). Visual Six Sigma, Second Edition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bado, S. (2016). Protocols for Pre-Field Screening of Mutants for Salt Tolerance in Rice, Wheat and Barley (B. P. Forster, A. M. A. Ghanim, J. Jankowicz-Cieslak, G. Berthold, & L. Luxiang, Eds.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Fiedor, J., & Vojnar, T. (2013). ANaConDA: A Framework for Analysing Multi-threaded C/C++ Programs on the Binary Level. In S. Qadeer & S. Tasiran (Eds.), Runtime Verification: Third International Conference, RV 2012, Istanbul, Turkey, September 25-28, 2012, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 35–41). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Counseling Psychology.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, October 5). Caffeine May Protect Older Women From Dementia. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1981). Government-Wide Guidelines and Management Assistance Center Needed To Improve ADP Systems Development (AFMD-81-20). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones, C. (2015). Evolutionary changes in development associated with a transition in larval nutritional mode in spiralians [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wilson, M. (2017, June 11). Atmosphere Is Tempered At Puerto Rican Day Parade. New York Times, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Showalter, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Showalter, 2005; Snir & Kamien, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Snir & Kamien, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Tang et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Dolling et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Counseling Psychology
AbbreviationJ. Couns. Psychol.
ISSN (print)0022-0167
ISSN (online)1939-2168
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Social Psychology

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