How to format your references using the Journal of Perinatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Perinatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P. The secrets of success. Nature 2004; 432: 253.
A journal article with 2 authors
Neronov A, Vovk I. Evidence for strong extragalactic magnetic fields from Fermi observations of TeV blazars. Science 2010; 328: 73–75.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ferrari G, Stornaiuolo A, Mavilio F. Failure to correct murine muscular dystrophy. Nature 2001; 411: 1014–1015.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yoo S-J, Chang J-H, Lee J-H, Moon C-K, Wu C-I, Kim J-J. Formation of perfect ohmic contact at indium tin oxide/N,N’-di(naphthalene-1-yl)-N,N’-diphenyl-benzidine interface using ReO3. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 3902.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sullivan DM. Quantum Mechanics for Electrical Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
Böhm C, Khuri S, Lhotská L, Renda ME (eds.). Information Technology in Bio- and Medical Informatics: Third International Conference, ITBAM 2012, Vienna, Austria, September 4-5, 2012. Proceedings. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Chou C-P. A Chinese Declaration of the Rights of Women. In: Chou C-P (ed). English Writings of Hu Shih: Literature and Society (Volume 1). Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013, pp 25–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Perinatology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Best Dads In The Animal Kingdom. IFLScience. 2014. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology Management: Coast Guard Practices Can Be Improved. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thom RR. Beyond the numbers: A phenomenological study of intangible assets for small manufacturing business valuation. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Russian Orthodox Church Elects Outspoken Patriarch. New York Times. 2009; : A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Perinatology
AbbreviationJ. Perinatol.
ISSN (print)0743-8346
ISSN (online)1476-5543
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles