How to format your references using the Journal of Perinatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Perinatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rochmyaningsih D. Indigenous peoples must benefit from science. Nature 2015; 526: 477.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen W-P, Yang Z. Earthquakes beneath the Himalayas and Tibet: evidence for strong lithospheric mantle. Science 2004; 304: 1949–1952.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saper CB, Scammell TE, Lu J. Hypothalamic regulation of sleep and circadian rhythms. Nature 2005; 437: 1257–1263.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang X, Kellner AWA, Jiang S, Cheng X, Wang Q, Ma Y et al. Egg accumulation with 3D embryos provides insight into the life history of a pterosaur. Science 2017; 358: 1197–1201.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Balan V, Neagu M. Jet Single-Time Lagrange Geometry and Its Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Bradley RE. Cauchy’s Cours d’analyse: An Annotated Translation. Springer: New York, NY, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Kinsella S, Harth A, Troussov A, Sogrin M, Judge J, Hayes C et al. Navigating and Annotating Semantically-Enabled Networks of People and Associated Objects. In: Friemel TN (ed). Why Context Matters: Applications of Social Network Analysis. VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften: Wiesbaden, 2008, pp 79–96.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Perinatology.

Blog post
Luntz S. Can Magnetic Stimulation Help Alzheimer’s Patients Think Clearly? IFLScience. 2017. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. International Aviation: Airline Alliances Produce Benefits, but Effect on Competition Is Uncertain. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weygandt A. Extension of Elementary Functions to Zeon Algebras. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. Early Emmy Leads For ‘S.N.L.’ and HBO. New York Times. 2017; : C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Perinatology
AbbreviationJ. Perinatol.
ISSN (print)0743-8346
ISSN (online)1476-5543
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles