How to format your references using the Journal of Perinatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Perinatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Suderow HJ. PHYSICS. Opening the gate on superconductivity. Science 2015; 350: 1316–1317.
A journal article with 2 authors
Davis PM, Jackson DD. Retrospective. Leon Knopoff (1925-2011). Science 2011; 331: 1400.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reynolds JN, Hyland BI, Wickens JR. A cellular mechanism of reward-related learning. Nature 2001; 413: 67–70.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chen M, Briscoe WH, Armes SP, Klein J. Lubrication at physiological pressures by polyzwitterionic brushes. Science 2009; 323: 1698–1701.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Gorman TW. Adaptive Tests of Significance Using Permutations of Residuals with R and SAS®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
Cataldo A. Broadband Reflectometry for Enhanced Diagnostics and Monitoring Applications. Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Olschewski H, Olschewski A. Pulmonary Hypertension. In: Wakabayashi I, Groschner K (eds). Interdisciplinary Concepts in Cardiovascular Health: Volume III: Cardiovascular Events. Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014, pp 97–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Perinatology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Deciphering The Mysterious Decline Of Honey Bees. IFLScience. 2016. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Legality of the Release of Construction Grant Funds by the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare for the University of California’s Proposed School of Dentistry. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cady SC. Successful student goal completion: A community college case study. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Corkery M, Walsh MW. Governor of Puerto Rico Warns of Looming Default Without Bankruptcy Plan. New York Times. 2015; : B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Perinatology
AbbreviationJ. Perinatol.
ISSN (print)0743-8346
ISSN (online)1476-5543
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles