How to format your references using the Comptes rendus - Geoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comptes rendus - Geoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crow, M.M., 2013. Digital learning: look, then leap. Nature 499, 275–277.
A journal article with 2 authors
Greenwood, B., Owusu-Agyei, S., 2012. Epidemiology. Malaria in the post-genome era. Science 338, 49–50.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pierce, J.L., Meyer, G.A., Jull, A.J.T., 2004. Fire-induced erosion and millennial-scale climate change in northern ponderosa pine forests. Nature 432, 87–90.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gogotsi, Y., Welz, S., Ersoy, D.A., McNallan, M.J., 2001. Conversion of silicon carbide to crystalline diamond-structured carbon at ambient pressure. Nature 411, 283–287.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, J.D.H., Romanowska, A.B., 1999. Post-Modern Algebra. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Banks, C.E., 2016. Screen-Printing Electrochemical Architectures, SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Skadiņa, I., Veisbergs, A., Vasiļjevs, A., Gornostaja, T., Keiša, I., Rudzīte, A., 2012. Valodu Tehnoloģiju Atbalsts Latviešu Valodai, in: Rehm, G., Uszkoreit, H. (Eds.), The Latvian Language in the Digital Age, White Paper Series. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 19–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comptes rendus - Geoscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Is The Changing Definition Of Autism Narrowing What We Think Of As ‘Normal’? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. 911 Services: Most States Used 911 Funds for Intended Purposes, but FCC Could Improve Its Reporting on States’ Use of Funds (No. GAO-13-376). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bermudez, D., 2008. The effects of Hispanic parent-adolescent biculturalism disparity on male adolescent delinquency (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B., 2016. So Smart (but Truly Vile). New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crow, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Crow, 2013; Greenwood and Owusu-Agyei, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Greenwood and Owusu-Agyei, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Gogotsi et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleComptes rendus - Geoscience
AbbreviationC. R. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1631-0713
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
Global and Planetary Change

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