How to format your references using the Comptes rendus - Geoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comptes rendus - Geoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2004. Cash incentives. Nature 427, 567.
A journal article with 2 authors
Prasad, A., Pospíšil, P., 2013. Towards the two-dimensional imaging of spontaneous ultra-weak photon emission from microbial, plant and animal cells. Sci. Rep. 3, 1211.
A journal article with 3 authors
Minamimoto, T., Hori, Y., Kimura, M., 2005. Complementary process to response bias in the centromedian nucleus of the thalamus. Science 308, 1798–1801.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lim, B., Jiang, M., Camargo, P.H.C., Cho, E.C., Tao, J., Lu, X., Zhu, Y., Xia, Y., 2009. Pd-Pt bimetallic nanodendrites with high activity for oxygen reduction. Science 324, 1302–1305.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wrobel, G.M., Neil, E., 2009. International Advances in Adoption Research for Practice. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Cousot, R. (Ed.), 2005. Verification, Model Checking, and Abstract Interpretation: 6th International Conference, VMCAI 2005, Paris, France, January 17-19, 2005. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Fernández, N., Arias, J., Sánchez, L., Fuentes-Lorenzo, D., Corcho, Ó., 2014. RDSZ: An Approach for Lossless RDF Stream Compression, in: Presutti, V., d’Amato, C., Gandon, F., d’Aquin, M., Staab, S., Tordai, A. (Eds.), The Semantic Web: Trends and Challenges: 11th International Conference, ESWC 2014, Anissaras, Crete, Greece, May 25-29, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 52–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comptes rendus - Geoscience.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2015. Adorable Panda Twins Born At Smithsonian National Zoo [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/surprise-panda-twins-born/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Information Technology: Agriculture Needs to Strengthen Management Practices for Stabilizing and Modernizing Its Farm Program Delivery Systems (No. GAO-08-657). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Al Hashimi, H., 2017. Local Measurement and Characterization via Fluorescing Materials for Phase Change Heat Transfer Applications (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dinardo, K., 2015. What Tim Cope Learned from the Nomads. New York Times TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Prasad and Pospíšil, 2013; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prasad and Pospíšil, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Lim et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleComptes rendus - Geoscience
AbbreviationC. R. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1631-0713
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
Global and Planetary Change

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