How to format your references using the Comptes rendus - Geoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comptes rendus - Geoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nolet, G., 2009. Geophysics. Slabs do not go gently. Science 324, 1152–1153.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sheppard, S.S., Trujillo, C.A., 2010. Detection of a trailing (L5) Neptune Trojan. Science 329, 1304.
A journal article with 3 authors
Froemke, R.C., Merzenich, M.M., Schreiner, C.E., 2007. A synaptic memory trace for cortical receptive field plasticity. Nature 450, 425–429.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, Y., Granet, D., Lin, H., Baxter, S., Ouyang, H., Zhu, J., Huang, S., Liu, Z., Wu, X., Yan, F., Liu, X., Luo, L., Heichel, C., Zhang, M., Cai, W., Maas, R.L., Zhang, K., 2018. Liu et al. reply. Nature 556, E3–E4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rigo, M., 2014. Formal Languages, Automata and Numeration Systems 2. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Yu, F., 2010. Three-Dimensional Model Analysis and Processing, Advanced Topics in Science and Technology in China. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Comber, B., 2006. Critical Literacy Educators at Work, in: Cooper, K., White, R. (Eds.), The Practical Critical Educator. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 51–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comptes rendus - Geoscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. SpaceX Rocket Explodes Minutes After Launch [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. [Comments on Sequesterability of Railroad Supplemental Annuity Pension Fund] (No. B-229738). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Le, D., 2015. L.A. Children’s Music Therapy Center, LLC (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Beschloss, M., 2017. The Buck Shouldn’t Stop Here. New York Times BR8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nolet, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Nolet, 2009; Sheppard and Trujillo, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sheppard and Trujillo, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleComptes rendus - Geoscience
AbbreviationC. R. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1631-0713
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
Global and Planetary Change

Other styles