How to format your references using the Comptes rendus - Geoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comptes rendus - Geoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ploehn, H.J., 2015. Materials science: Composite for energy storage takes the heat. Nature 523, 536–537.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zehr, J.P., Kudela, R.M., 2009. Ocean science. Photosynthesis in the open ocean. Science 326, 945–946.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hagan, C.L., Kim, S., Kahne, D., 2010. Reconstitution of outer membrane protein assembly from purified components. Science 328, 890–892.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee, K.-B., Park, S.-J., Mirkin, C.A., Smith, J.C., Mrksich, M., 2002. Protein nanoarrays generated by dip-pen nanolithography. Science 295, 1702–1705.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chatterji, S., Hedges, P., 2005. Loan Workouts and Debt for Equity Swaps. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Grosjean, H. (Ed.), 2005. Fine-Tuning of RNA Functions by Modification and Editing, Topics in Current Genetics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
D’Onofrio, M., Rampazzo, R., Zaggia, S., Longair, M.S., Ferrarese, L., Marziani, P., Sulentic, J.W., van der Kruit, P.C., Laurikainen, E., Elmegreen, D.M., Combes, F., Bertin, G., Fabbiano, G., Giovanelli, R., Calzetti, D., Moss, D.L., Matteucci, F., Djorgovski, S.G., Fraix-Burnet, D., Graham, A.W.M., Tully, B.R., 2016. The Anatomy of Galaxies, in: D’Onofrio, M., Rampazzo, R., Zaggia, S. (Eds.), From the Realm of the Nebulae to Populations of Galaxies: Dialogues on a Century of Research, Astrophysics and Space Science Library. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 243–379.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comptes rendus - Geoscience.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Turtles Evolved Shells To Help Them Dig, Not For Protection [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. Spectrum Management: Further Consideration of Options to Improve Receiver Performance Needed (No. GAO-13-265). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Child, R.J., 2013. The evolution of BARREN INFLORESCENCE1 and related AUX/IAA genes in angiosperms (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2007. Justices Overturn $79.5 Million in Punitive Damages Against Philip Morris. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ploehn, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ploehn, 2015; Zehr and Kudela, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zehr and Kudela, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleComptes rendus - Geoscience
AbbreviationC. R. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1631-0713
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
Global and Planetary Change

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