How to format your references using the Comptes rendus - Geoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Comptes rendus - Geoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crowley, T.J., 2002. Paleoclimate. Cycles, cycles everywhere. Science 295, 1473–1474.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sonenberg, N., Newgard, C.B., 2001. Protein synthesis. The perks of balancing glucose. Science 293, 818–819.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kennedy, M., Mrofka, D., von der Borch, C., 2008. Snowball Earth termination by destabilization of equatorial permafrost methane clathrate. Nature 453, 642–645.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhou, R., Huang, X., Margulis, C.J., Berne, B.J., 2004. Hydrophobic collapse in multidomain protein folding. Science 305, 1605–1609.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zepernick, H.-J., Finger, A., 2005. Pseudo Random Signal Processing. John Wiley & Sons Ltd,., West Sussex, England.
An edited book
Woodin, M.A., Maffei, A. (Eds.), 2011. Inhibitory Synaptic Plasticity, 1st ed. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Zini, G., Tartarini, P., 2012. Wind Energy, in: Tartarini, P. (Ed.), Solar Hydrogen Energy Systems: Science and Technology for the Hydrogen Economy. Springer, Milano, pp. 73–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Comptes rendus - Geoscience.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2013. Nikon’s 2013 Small World Photomicrography Winners Have Been Announced [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL’s-2013-small-world-photomicrography-winners-have-been-announced/ (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. D.C. Court Orders (No. GGD-94-75R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Love, K.S., 2010. Factors infleuncing job satisfaction in nurses (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2002. A Drive to Save a Tiger By the Name of Tammany. New York Times 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Crowley, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Crowley, 2002; Sonenberg and Newgard, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sonenberg and Newgard, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleComptes rendus - Geoscience
AbbreviationC. R. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1631-0713
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences
Global and Planetary Change

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